- around 1040 : Agrarian revolution of the High Middle Ages
- 1041 : Submission of Duke Břetislav I of Bohemia to Salian rule
- 1045 : Hungarian fief by Henry III.
- 1046 : Synod of Sutri : three popes lose their offices; Clemens II becomes Pope and crowns Heinrich III. (and his wife Agnes) to the emperor.
- 1049 : Leo IX. becomes Pope.