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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Investiture dispute
Heinrich IV. With antipope Clemens III.  (top left).  The escape (top right) and the death of Gregory VII (bottom right).  Illustration from the 12th century
Antipope Clement III. crowns Henry IV and his wife Bertha
in Rome as Emperor and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire . Pope Gregory VII has to flee Rome.
1084 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 532/533 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1076/77
Buddhist calendar 1627/28 (southern Buddhism); 1626/27 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 62./63. (63./64.) Cycle

Year of the Wood Rat甲子 ( at the beginning of the year Water Pig 癸亥)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 446/447 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 462/463 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 476/477 (May 9/10)
Jewish calendar 4844/45 (2/3 September)
Coptic calendar 800/801
Malayalam calendar 259/260
Seleucid era Babylon: 1394/95 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1395/96 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1122
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1140/41 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Investiture dispute

Italy and Illyria 1084

After a short siege, Henry IV takes Rome . Pope Gregory VII holed up in the Castel Sant'Angelo . The decisive factor in the conquest is the apostasy of 13 cardinals, who no longer want to accept Gregor's uncompromising attitude and his autocratic style of rule. On March 21, a synod is called to deny Gregory the papal dignity and excommunicate him. The main accusation that he was guilty of the crime of majesty by recognizing the rival king Rudolf was given as the basis for the dismissal . Clement III takes over from Gregory . raised to pope.

Antipope Clement III. Henry IV crowns Emperor and his wife Bertha Empress of the Holy Roman Empire in Rome on Easter Sunday, March 31st . On May 24th, the direct divine institution ( A deo coronatus ) without mediation by the clergy is emphasized in a diploma .

The Norman Duke Robert Guiskard marches with an army from southern Italy in support of Gregory and conquers Rome on May 28th . Heinrich's army fled the city. Pope Gregory VII is freed from Castel Sant'Angelo through his vassal. However, the Normans then plunder Rome and set the city on fire. Because of the ensuing unrest against the Norman conquerors, Gregor withdrew to Salerno with a small retinue .

Holy Roman Empire

One of the first Jewish communities emerges in Speyer . With the express approval of Henry IV, the city accepts a large number of Jewish families . Your residential area is outside the rest of the settlement area and is surrounded by a wall. This is the first documented ghetto .


First documentary mentions


Coat of arms of the Carthusian Order


Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1084


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1084  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files