Antipope Clement III. crowns Henry IV and his wife Bertha
in Rome as Emperor and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire . Pope Gregory VII has to flee Rome.
|1084 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||532/533 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1627/28 (southern Buddhism); 1626/27 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||62./63. (63./64.) Cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||446/447 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||462/463 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||476/477 (May 9/10)|
|Jewish calendar||4844/45 (2/3 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1394/95 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1395/96 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1140/41 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
After a short siege, Henry IV takes Rome . Pope Gregory VII holed up in the Castel Sant'Angelo . The decisive factor in the conquest is the apostasy of 13 cardinals, who no longer want to accept Gregor's uncompromising attitude and his autocratic style of rule. On March 21, a synod is called to deny Gregory the papal dignity and excommunicate him. The main accusation that he was guilty of the crime of majesty by recognizing the rival king Rudolf was given as the basis for the dismissal . Clement III takes over from Gregory . raised to pope.
Antipope Clement III. Henry IV crowns Emperor and his wife Bertha Empress of the Holy Roman Empire in Rome on Easter Sunday, March 31st . On May 24th, the direct divine institution ( A deo coronatus ) without mediation by the clergy is emphasized in a diploma .
The Norman Duke Robert Guiskard marches with an army from southern Italy in support of Gregory and conquers Rome on May 28th . Heinrich's army fled the city. Pope Gregory VII is freed from Castel Sant'Angelo through his vassal. However, the Normans then plunder Rome and set the city on fire. Because of the ensuing unrest against the Norman conquerors, Gregor withdrew to Salerno with a small retinue .
Holy Roman Empire
One of the first Jewish communities emerges in Speyer . With the express approval of Henry IV, the city accepts a large number of Jewish families . Your residential area is outside the rest of the settlement area and is surrounded by a wall. This is the first documented ghetto .
- Seljuk Turks under Malik Shah I conquer Antioch on the Orontes from the Byzantines .
- Kyanzittha ascends the throne of Bagan .
First documentary mentions
- Wezilo , a staunch supporter of the emperor in the investiture dispute, becomes Archbishop of Mainz as the successor to Siegfried I of Mainz , who died on February 16 .
- The hermit Bruno of Cologne withdraws with six companions from Sèche-Fontaine, whose area has become too small, to an area in the Chartreuse mountains made available by Bishop Hugo of Grenoble . They build small hermitages as well as the common rooms and a church necessary for a monastery . All rooms are connected by a cloister . Soon more men join them. The community grew and La Grande Chartreuse , the Great Charterhouse, was created and gave the Carthusian order its name.
- Nikephoros becomes patriarch of the Rum Orthodox Church in Antioch.
Exact date of birth unknown
- Li Qingzhao , Chinese poet and writer († around 1155 )
- Rechungpa , a forefather of the Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism († 1161 )
- Rainer , Margrave of Montferrat († around 1136 )
Born around 1084
Date of death secured
- February 16 : Siegfried I of Mainz , Abbot in Fulda and Archbishop of Mainz
- March 28th : Heinrich , Patriarch of Aquileia
- April 18 : Friedrich I , Bishop of Münster (* around 1020 )
- June 26th : Hermann I , Bishop of Bamberg
- June 28 : Ekkehard von Huysburg , Canon of Halberstadt and Benedictine abbot in Huysburg