Calendar overview 1020
Basil II the Byzantine Empire experienced
a new heyday.
|1020 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||468/469 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1563/64 (southern Buddhism); 1562/63 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||61st (62nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||382/383 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||410/411 (turn of the year April 26-27)|
|Jewish calendar||4780/81 (September 21/22)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1330/31 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1331/32 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1076/77 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire / Italy
- Pope Benedict VIII visits Emperor Heinrich II in Bamberg at Easter . The background to the visit is the Pope's wish for imperial help for the rebels against Byzantine rule in southern Italy . The Apulian Meles von Bari , who had suffered a devastating defeat two years earlier, also travels to Bamberg to ask the emperor for support. The planned handover of a star cloak donated by him fails, however, because Meles dies before the meeting on April 23 .
- Norman conquest of southern Italy : Normans establish themselves in Lower Italy .
- Around 1020: Islam in Italy : Armies of the city-states of Genoa and Pisa displace the Arabs from Sardinia .
- December: The Fatimid caliph al-Hākim lifts the policy of discrimination against Christianity in his empire that has existed since 1009 . This also includes the complete return of all church property confiscated until then and the reconstruction of all demolished churches and monasteries. Some of them can even be rebuilt for the most part using their original building materials. In Jerusalem, too, Christians are now again allowed to pray at the holy grave and celebrate church festivals, even if the basilica was only rebuilt under al-Hakim's successor. The officials who are forced to convert to Islam are free to return to the religion of their fathers. The old guarantees of protection for the congregation are being renewed, so that some Christians who had been exiled in previous years are returning to Egypt and Syria.
First documentary mentions
- April 7th : Otterstadt is first mentioned in a document from Bishop Walther of Speyer.
- First written mention of Hardegsen
- September 8th ( Birth of Mary ): Consecration of the still wooden first Frauenkirche in Dresden by the Bohemian priest Přibislav.
- Nikephorus I succeeds the deceased Theophilos I as Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem .
- Walther becomes Prince-Bishop of Eichstätt . He succeeds Gundekar I, who died the previous year . At the National Synod of Bamberg, he indirectly recognizes the special position of the Diocese of Bamberg under canon law .
- Poppo becomes abbot of the sister monasteries Stablo and Malmedy . Under him they became the centers of the reform movement that started out from Cluny .
- Emperor Heinrich II elevates the Göß Abbey, founded in 1004 , to an imperial abbey .
- The Orthodox monastery of Sveti Jovan Bigorski is founded near the village of Debar . The name of the monastery is derived from John the Baptist , to whom the monastery is dedicated. The nickname Bigorski comes from the tuff (Macedonian: bigor ), which is used as a building material.
- 1020/ 1030 : The Hidda Codex arises.
Exact date of birth unknown
- Almodis de la Marche , French countess († 1071 )
- Guo Xi , Chinese landscape painter (died 1090 )
- Su Song , Chinese polymath, inventor, engineer, cartographer, astronomer, mineralogist, zoologist, poet, minister and ambassador of the Song Dynasty (d. 1101 )
- Wilhelm I , Count of Burgundy and Mâcon († 1087 )
- William FitzOsbern, 1st Earl of Hereford , Norman nobleman, relative and advisor to William the Conqueror († 1071 )
- Vladimir , prince of Novgorod and possibly regent of Kiev († 1052 )
- Zhang Zai , Chinese neo-Confucian moral philosopher and cosmologist (d. 1077 )
Born around 1020
- Adalbert I of Rheinfelden , Bishop of Worms († 1070 )
- Friedrich I , Bishop of Münster († 1084 )
- St. Hallvard , Norwegian saint and patron saint of Oslo († around 1043 )
- Kunigunde von Altdorf , Franconian nobleman, ancestor of the younger Guelphs († 1054 )
- Otto von Northeim , Duke of Bavaria, leader of the rebellious Saxons in the Saxon War against Heinrich IV. († 1083 )
- 1020/ 1021 : Solomon ibn Gabirol , Jewish philosopher and poet in al-Andalus (died at. 1070 )
- 1020/ 1030 : . Lothar Udo II , Graf von Stade and Markgraf the Nordmark († 1082 )
Date of death secured
- April 23 : Meles of Bari , Lombard nobleman, Duke of Apulia
- August 29 : Dodiko , Count in the Saxon Hessengau, Ittergau and Nethegau
Exact date of death unknown
- between September 26th and October 13th: Bernard I. Taillefer , Count of Besalú
- Abhinavagupta , Indian philosopher, mystic and esthete, also musician, poet, playwright, exegete, theologian, logician and polymath (* around 950 )
- Ælfric Grammaticus , Anglo-Saxon monk and scientist (* 955 )
- Firdausi , Persian poet and author of the Persian national epic Shahnameh (* 940 / 941 )
- Géraud I. , Count of Armagnac (* before 995)
- Hugo , Bishop of Geneva
- Irmintrud von Avalgau , Countess Palatine von der Wetterau (* around 956 )
- Theophilus I , Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem
- Trdat , Armenian architect (* around 950 )
Died around 1020
- 1001 /1020: Aribo I. , Graf im Chiemgau and Leobengau and Count Palatine of Bavaria
- Leif Eriksson , Icelandic explorer (* around 970 )