Wilhelm I (Burgundy)
William I the Great ( French Guillaume I. le Grand or Guillaume I. Tête Hardie ; * 1020 ; † November 12, 1087 in Besançon ) was Count of Burgundy and Mâcon . He was the son of Count Rainald I from the House of Burgundy-Ivrea and Adelheid of Normandy from the House of the Rollonids .
In 1057 he succeeded his father as Count of Burgundy. In 1078 he also took over the county of Mâcon when his cousin , Count Guido II , entered Cluny Abbey . At least now he was the most powerful man in the region, who a few years later also managed to occupy the most important diocese of the county of Burgundy with one of his seven sons: Hugo became Archbishop of Besançon in 1086 . A year after his death, another son, Guido , became Archbishop of Vienne ; In 1119 Guido finally became Pope as Calixt II . Wilhelm received Henry IV in 1076 on his train to Canossa in Besançon and enabled him to cross the Jura into the territory of the Counts of Savoy , but does not seem to have participated in the conflict between Pope and King.
William I was buried in the Saint-Étienne Cathedral in Besançon . When the cathedral was replaced by the Sainte-Jean cathedral in the 18th century , the graves of the Counts of Burgundy, including the Wilhelms, were transferred.
Wilhelm married Stephanie († 19 October after 1088) between 1049 and 1057, i.e. during his father's lifetime, who was at times regarded as the daughter of Count Adalbert von Longwy , 1047 Duke of Upper Lorraine ( House of Châtenois ) and Clémence de Foix .
This information on Stephanie's origin comes from Szabolcs de Vajay from around 1960; he made the testimony on the basis of two documents with which he assigned Adalbert the County of Longwy and a marriage to Clémence, a daughter of the Count of Foix ; Two daughters should come from this marriage, Stephanie, the wife of Wilhelm, and Ermesinde, wife of Wilhelm VII , Duke of Aquitaine . Vajay later corrected himself to the effect that he had misinterpreted the documents mentioned.
As a result, it is still unclear who the father of the two women is. Stephanie is now assigned to House Barcelona , Ermesinde and Longwy to House Luxembourg . Clemence, on the basis of which the appearance of this name among the descendants of Stephanie and Ermesinde should be explained, is no longer regarded as the wife of Adalbert. In fact, it is not known whether Adalbert was married, and consequently also not the name of his wife or the existence of descendants.
- Odo (Eudes), † before 1087
- Rainald (Renaud) II. , † 1097 on the First Crusade , 1082 Count of Mâcon, 1087 Count of Burgundy; ⚭ Regina von Oltigen , † after 1097, daughter of Count Kuno and NN von Luxemburg, a daughter of Count Giselbert ( Wigeriche )
- Wilhelm (Guillaume), † before 1090
- Stephan I. Tollkopf (Étienne I. Tête-Hardi) , † murdered May 27, 1102 in Askalon , Count of Mâcon, Seigneur de Varasque ; ⚭ around 1090 Beatrix, † after 1102
- Raimund (Raimond) , † May 24, 1107 in Grajal de Campos , Count of Amerous , 1093 Count of Galicia and Coimbra ; ⚭ 1087 in Toledo Urraca , * after 1081, † March 8, 1126 in Saldana , Queen of Castile and León , heiress of King Alfonso VI. , married in second marriage September 1109 at Munó Castle ( Burgos ), Alfonso I , 1104 King of Aragón and Navarre , † September 7th 1134 in Almuniente , the marriage was annulled in 1114, and in third (secret) marriage Pedro González Conde de Lara , † 1130 in Bayonne
- Hugo (Hugues), † November 13, 1101, 1086 Archbishop of Besançon
- Guido (Guy) , attested in 1088, † November 13, 1124, 1088 Archbishop of Vienne , 1107/09 administrator of Besançon, 1119 Pope Calixtus II.
- Stephanie (Étiennette), attested in 1108; ⚭ Lambert François Prince de Royans, Seigneur de Peyriers , † after 1119
- Sibylle, * probably 1065, † after 1103, as a widow cleric in Fontevrault Abbey ; ⚭ Eudes I. Borel , 1079 Duke of Burgundy , † March 23, 1103 ( Elder House of Burgundy )
- Ermentrude, † after March 8, 1105, heiress of Mömpelgard (Montbéliard); ⚭ around 1065 Dietrich I , 1093 Count von Bar , † February 2, 1102/1105 ( House of Scarponnois )
- Gisela, † after 1133; ⚭ I around 1090 Humbert II , 1080 Count of Maurienne , 1094 Margrave of Turin , † October 19, 1103 ( House of Savoy ); ⚭ II Rainer , Margrave of Montferrat , † 1135/37 ( Aleramiden )
- Klementia (Clémence), † probably 1133; ⚭ I before 1092 Robert II , 1093 Count of Flanders , † October 5, 1111 ( House of Flanders ); ⚭ II around 1125 Gottfried VI. , 1106 Duke of Lower Lorraine , † January 25, 1139 ( House of Brabant )
- Bertha, † May 19, 1097/98; ⚭ 1093 before November 25th Alfonso VI. , 1072 King of Castile , † June 30, 1109 ( House of Jiménez )
- Jean Richard: Wilhelm d. Gr., Gf. v. Burgundy . In: Lexicon of the Middle Ages (LexMA). Volume 9, LexMA-Verlag, Munich 1998, ISBN 3-89659-909-7 , Sp. 145.
- Detlev Schwennicke : European Family Tables Volume II Plate 62
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Wilhelm I the Great; Guillaume I. le Grand (French); Guillaume I. Tête Hardie (French)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Count of Burgundy and Mâcon|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1020|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 12, 1087|
|Place of death||Besançon|