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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Map of Lower and Upper Lusatia
With the Peace of Bautzen between Boleslaw Chrobry and Heinrich II , Lausitz and Milzenerland became Polish.
1018 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 466/467 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1010/11
Buddhist calendar 1561/62 (southern Buddhism); 1560/61 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 61st (62nd) cycle

Year of the Earth-Horse戊午 ( at the beginning of the year Fire-Snake 丁巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 380/381 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 396/397
Islamic calendar 408/409 (turn of the year 19/20 May)
Jewish calendar 4778/79 (September 12-13)
Coptic calendar 734/735
Malayalam calendar 193/194
Seleucid era Babylon: 1328/29 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1329/30 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1056
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1074/75 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Bulgaria / Byzantine Empire

Basil in the armor of a general, at his feet eight figures in submissive prosksynesis ; Replica of an illumination from a psalter, 11th century

Tsar Ivan Vladislav of Bulgaria dies earlier this year during the siege of Dyrrhachium , the exact circumstances of his death are unknown. He is inherited by his eldest son Presian II . But already in February the Byzantine Emperor Basil II conquered Kastoria and several other cities and finally also the Bulgarian capital Ohrid and subjugated the Bulgarian Empire. After submission, Presian and his brothers were accepted as dignitaries at the court of Constantinople , with Presian receiving the high title of Magistros . Maria, the widow of Tsar Ivan Wladislaw, is also handed over to Basil with her children in Ohrid. Bulgaria is incorporated into the empire, which shifts the Byzantine border far to the northwest.

Southern Italy

Italy around 1000

The uprising of the Longobards under Meles of Bari , who want to drive the ruling Byzantines out of Apulia , collapses , which has been relatively successful since the previous year . In the Battle of Cannae on October 1, the rebels, supported by Pope Benedict VIII and others, reinforced by a group of Norman adventurers led by Rainulf Drengot , suffer a crushing defeat against the numerically superior Byzantine army led by Katepan Basileios Boioannes . The Byzantine rule in southern Italy is now stabilized for decades to come, and the Principality of Salerno has to temporarily recognize the Byzantine supremacy again. Meles leaves Apulia after the battle, Rainulf Drengot retreats to Campania with the rest of the Norman army . There they shift to protecting pilgrims who are on their way to the shrine of the Archangel Michael from being pillaged by other highwaymen for a fee.

East Franconian-German Empire / Eastern Europe

Report on Oda's marriage to Bolesław I in the Chronicle of Thietmar von Merseburg (facsimile). Saxon State Library - State and University Library Dresden, Msc. R 147, sheet 176 b
Place of the Reichstag from 1018 on the banks of the Main in Offenbach-Bürgel
  • June: Heinrich II holds the “ Reichstag” in Bürgel (correct: Reichsammlung) on ​​the banks of the Main. In his entourage, in addition to Empress Kunigunde and the Imperial Chancellor and Archbishop of Mainz Erkanbald, there are a large number of princes . Among other things, the marriage of the wealthy Count Otto von Hammerstein with Irmingard von Verdun is discussed. According to canon law, the two are too closely related and were therefore excommunicated for incest earlier this year on the initiative of Archbishop of Mainz , Erkanbald. Finally, in Bürgel, the illegality of the marriage is established. Otto ostensibly submits to the saying, but actually holds on to his marriage.

Scandinavia / British Isles

  • 1016/1018 : Malcolm II of Scotland defeats troops of the English small kingdom of Northumbria in the Battle of Carham . The main cause of the battle was disputes over the Lothian region. After the battle, most of Scotland is under the control of the Scottish kings, although the Vikings can still hold their own in Ross-shire, Caithness, Sutherland, and the Outer Hebrides.

Iberian Peninsula

In Valencia , Abd ar-Rahman IV was elevated to caliph by some Berber leaders after the Hammudids under Ali ibn Hammud an-Nasir came to power in the Caliphate of Cordoba . He can ally himself with the Muslim governor of Saragossa and the Count of Barcelona , but the Hammudids hold on to power in Cordoba . During an attack on Granada , Abd ar-Rahman is abandoned by his Berber troops, defeated and murdered while trying to escape near Guadix . But Ali ibn Hammud an-Nasir is also murdered by a slave in the same year. He is succeeded by his brother al-Qasim al-Ma'mun , the previous governor in Seville .

Arabian Peninsula

  • around 1018: In Yemen the Ziyadid dynasty expires with the murder of the last ruler by the court slave Nafis. Nafis takes over the government, but soon faces competition from his brother Najah .

First documentary mentions


Bulgarian Orthodox Church

The Archdiocese of Ohrid
around the year 1020

After the conquest of Bulgaria, the Byzantine emperor Basil II reorganized the Bulgarian Orthodox Church . The previous patriarchate is converted into a diocese. After the patriarch was expelled, the emperor established the archbishopric of Ohrid and the whole of Bulgaria without affecting the existing autocephaly . The archbishopric remains formally independent from the Byzantine imperial church , but the bishops are appointed by the Byzantine emperor. The first Archbishop John I Debranin appointed by Emperor Basil II is still a Slav, but thereafter a continuous Hellenization takes place.

Buildings and property

Catholic church hierarchy

Oliva statue in Vic


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1018


Date of death secured

Depiction of Bishop Thietmar von Merseburg on the city fountain in Tangermünde

Exact date of death unknown

Margrave Heinrich I, the Strong (excerpt from the Babenberger family tree , Klosterneuburg Abbey)

Died around 1018

  • 1015/1018 : Adelheid von Vilich , first abbess of the Benedictine Abbey of Vilich near Bonn, founded by her parents
  • between 1017 and 1019: Wigo , Bishop of Brandenburg
  • 1018 at the latest: Poppo (V.) , Abbot of Lorsch and Fulda

Web links

Commons : 1018  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files