Eadweard II. Takes control of Wessex
and the other Anglo-Saxon sub - kingdoms.
|975 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||423/424 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1518/19 (southern Buddhism); 1517/18 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||61st (62nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||337/338 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||364/365 (New Year 9/10 September)|
|Jewish calendar||4735/36 (September 8/9)|
ab urbe condita MDCCXXVIII (1728)
Diocletian's era : 691/692 (turn of the year November)
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1285/86 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1286/87 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1031/32 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
After the death of his father Edgar on July 8, at the age of 13, Eadweard II took over the rule of Wessex and the other English sub-kingdoms. However, a group of nobles who want to give the crown to his seven-year-old half-brother Æthelred contradicts his claims . Eadweard, however, is supported by Dunstan , Archbishop of Canterbury , and Oswald of Worcester , Archbishop of York , as well as other nobles. It is mainly through Dunstan's support that Eadweard is recognized and crowned by the Witan , the council of the great. At the time of his accession to the throne, the kingdom was ravaged by famine and there were violent attacks on monasteries by nobles from Mercia . These raids are led by Ælfhere , who claims the lands King Edgar gave to the monks. Many monasteries are destroyed and the monks have to flee. The King, along with Archbishop Dunstan of Canterbury, defends the rights of the Church and the monasteries.
- Emperor Otto II holds a court day in Weimar .
- Because of the support of the conspiracy directed against him by the Bavarian Duke Heinrich the Quarrel , the Emperor leads a campaign against Duke Boleslav II in Bohemia .
- The Byzantine emperor Johannes Tzimiskes leads his army in the campaign against the Arabs in Syria first to Emesa , which surrenders without a fight and then takes the old trading metropolis of Baalbek . Finally, the Syrian capital Damascus also reverts to Byzantium. In summer Johannes Tzimiskes invades Palestine . His troops succeed in conquering Nazareth and the important port cities of Acre and Caesarea Maritima . He then storms Sidon and Byblos in order to be able to secure supplies from his fleet via these port cities. However , he renounces the capture of the Holy City of Jerusalem because he has already got lost on the coast against the resistance of the fortress Tiberias and in order not to overload his supply lines.
- After the death of his father Abu Tamim al-Muizz, al-ʿAzīz becomes the fifth caliph of the Fatimid dynasty.
- According to Kilwachronik , the city of Kilwa Kisiwani , one of the leading cities on the East African coast, is founded.
- July 4th : Gyeongjong becomes the new ruler of the Korean empire Goryeo after the death of Gwangjong .
First documentary mentions
- First documentary mention of Lingen on the Ems
science and technology
- October: History of the University : At the 970 built Azhar mosque for the first time in Egypt scientific studies operated.
Religion and culture
- Willigis becomes Archbishop of Mainz and begins building the Mainz Cathedral .
- The holy Wolfgang founded as bishop in Regensburg a cathedral choir, today's cathedral choir .
- February 11 : Elias of Nisibis , Metropolitan of the East Syrian Church of the East in Nisibis and writer († 1046 )
- July 25th : Thietmar , Bishop of Merseburg and historian († 1018 )
- around 975: Konrad I , Duke of Carinthia († 1011 )
- 975/ 978 : Ermessenda of Carcassonne , Countess of Barcelona († 1058 )
- 975/ 980 : emma of lesum , Bremen charitable estate owner and Holy († 1038 )
Date of death secured
- January 13 : Ruprecht , Archbishop of Mainz
- January 16 : Theobald I , Vice Count of Blois and Tours (* around 910 )
- July 4th : Gwangjong , Korean King of Goryeo (* 925 )
- July 8 : Edgar , King of England (* 943 / 944 )
- July 12 : Turketel , English chancellor and abbot (* 907 )
- July 27th : Ranulf , Count of Périgord and Angoulême
- November 12th : Notker II. , Monk in St. Gallen, doctor and painter (* around 905 )
- November 26th : Konrad , Bishop of Konstanz and Catholic saint (* around 900 )
- December 27 : Balderich , Bishop of Utrecht (* around 897 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Abu Tamim al-Muizz , Caliph of the Fatimids in North Africa and Imam of the Ismailis (* 932 )
- Olof II Björnsson , King of Sweden
Died around 975
- Elias I , Count of Périgord