Calendar overview 965
Margrave Gero ,
the Saxon East Mark is divided.
John XIII is
elected Pope .
|965 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||413/414 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1508/09 (southern Buddhism); 1507/08 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||61st (62nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||327/328 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||353/ 354 /355 (Year 6/7 January. // 27-28. December)|
|Jewish calendar||4725/26 (August 30/31)|
ab urbe condita MDCCXVIII (1718)
Diocletian's era : 681/682 (turn of the year November)
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1275/76 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1276/77 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1021/22 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- February 22nd / 23rd : Henry the Great , Count of Nevers and Auxerre , becomes Duke of Burgundy after Otto's death from the Robertin family .
Holy Roman Empire / Italy
- May 20 : After the death of Margrave Gero , the Saxon Ostmark is divided into the Nordmark , the Lausitz , the Meißen , the Merseburg and the Zeitz markets.
- October 1 : After the death of of I. Otto supported . Leo VIII on March 1 is John XIII. , so far Bishop of Narni and librarian of the Roman Church, elected Pope at the instigation of the Emperor and in the presence of the imperial ambassadors, Bishop Liutprand of Cremona and Otger of Speyer . But just ten weeks later he was captured by the city Romans and imprisoned in Campania. Benedict V , deposed by Otto, dies on July 4, 965 or 966 in captivity in Hamburg.
- October 11th : Brun , Archbishop of Cologne , Duke of Lorraine and brother of the German-Roman Emperor Otto I , dies. Folcmar becomes the new Archbishop of Cologne .
- August 16 : Under Emperor Nikephorus II , the Byzantine Empire recaptured the city of Tarsus . The defenders get free retreat to Antioch .
- Islam in Italy : Saracens conquer Rametta , the last base of the Byzantine Empire in Sicily .
- Byzantine troops under Patrikios Niketas recapture Cyprus .
- Duke Mieszko I of Poland marries the Bohemian princess Dubrawka , daughter of Duke Boleslav I of the House of the Přemyslids .
- From 965: The Kievan Rus under Sviatoslav destroyed the fortress Sarkel and Itil , the capital of Chasarenreichs , coat of Islamic territories conquered coastal areas of the Baltic and makes war against the Volga Bulgars , the eastern trade routes to the Orient under their control to get .
First documentary mentions
- Archbishop Brun of Cologne gives the Abbey of St. Martin in Cologne a good "Solagon", which probably means Solingen .
- First documentary mention of Gailingen am Hochrhein , Heimsheim , Pfäffikon , Wimpfen and Zimmerholz
- December 25th : Folcuin is ordained abbot of Lobbes by Bishop Ingram of Cambrai .
- Erkanbald succeeds Udo IV. Bishop of Strasbourg .
- Today's Basilica of St. Apostles in Cologne is first mentioned in a document.
- 965: Alhazen Arabic or Persian, Islamic mathematician, opticians, forecaster and astronomer origin († 1039 / 1040 )
- around 965: Balderich , Count in Düffelgau and Count of Drenthe († 1021 )
- around 965: Sven Gabelbart , King of Denmark and King of England († 1014 )
Date of death secured
- February 22nd / 23rd : Otto , Duke of Burgundy (* around 944 )
- March 1st : Leo VIII , Pope
- May 20 : Gero , Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark
- September 23 : Al-Mutanabbi , Arab poet (* 915 / 917 )
- October 11th : Brun , Chancellor and Ezrkaplan of the East Franconian-German Empire, Archbishop of Cologne, Duke of Lorraine (* 925 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Aymardus , Abbot of Cluny (* before 942)
- Joseph Bringas , Byzantine Imperial Eunuch
- Tanners , Abbot of Corvey
- Udo IV , Bishop of Strasbourg