John XIII (Pope)

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John XIII (* in Rome ; † September 6, 972 ibid) was Pope from October 1, 965 to 972. He was Roman, but perhaps did not come from the house of the Crescentians , as some sources claim.

After the death of Pope Leo VIII, supported by Otto I , he was elected at the instigation of the emperor and in the presence of the imperial ambassadors, Bishop Liutprand of Cremona and Otger of Speyer . He was related to Alberich II - possibly the son of Theodora the Younger , the sister of Marozia - and possibly came from the Crescentier family, who were able to greatly expand their power in Rome during his tenure . Before his pontificate he was Bishop of Narni from 961 to 965 and librarian of the Roman Church.

During his entire tenure he was on the side of Otto I. Because of his authoritarian style, he was temporarily imprisoned during an uprising by anti-imperial factions, from which he finally escaped. After the emperor arrived in Rome for the fourth time, he held a harsh but bloodless court. The Emperor placed the Papal States restores and increased the patrimony of Peter also. Then he drove Adalbert from Ivrea , who had risen one last time, to Corsica, where his traces are lost.

On December 25, 967, the Pope crowned the son of Emperor Otto, Otto II , as co-emperor. The father wanted to secure the succession to the throne in the Holy Roman Empire . In 967 he raised the diocese of Magdeburg to an archbishopric at a synod in Ravenna . This diocese served as the starting point for a new Slav mission . On April 19, 972, John XIII. the marriage of Otto II to the Byzantine princess Theophanu . By elevating Capua and Benevento to archbishopric, however, he increased tensions with the Eastern Church, since both cities were under Byzantine influence until then.

John XIII died in Rome on September 6, 972.


Web links

Commons : John XIII.  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
predecessor Office successor
Leo VIII Pope
Benedict VI.