Calendar overview 961
becomes the second caliph
of Cordoba .
Yunyan Temple Pagoda in Suzhou
|961 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||409/410 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1504/05 (southern Buddhism); 1503/04 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||60th (61st) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||323/324 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||349/350 (turn of the year 19/20 February)|
|Jewish calendar||4721/22 (September 13-14)|
ab urbe condita MDCCXIV (1714)
Diocletian's era : 677/678 (New Year November)
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1271/72 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1272/73 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1017/18 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- March 6th : History of Crete : After around ten months of siege, the Byzantine general Nikephoros Phokas conquered Chandaq , the capital of the emirate of Crete , which went under. The city is looted, the mosque and the city wall torn down. Muslim prisoners are either killed or taken into slavery. The island's last emir, Abd al-Aziz ibn Shuaib, and his son an-Numan (Anemas) are captured and taken to Constantinople, where Phocas celebrates a triumph. The island of Crete becomes a Byzantine theme and the remaining Muslims are converted to Christianity.
- Saif ad-Daula , Emir of Aleppo from the Hamdanid family , uses the absence of the Byzantine troops to strengthen his position in Cilicia . In winter, however, the Byzantines return and conquer the city of Anazarbos .
- Spring: After the cry for help from Pope John XII, who was harassed by Berengar II . the East Franconian King Otto I prepares an Italian campaign .
- May: At the Reichstag in Worms , Otto I has his son Otto II raised to the rank of co-king.
- May 26th : At the age of seven, Otto II. Is anointed in Aachen by Archbishops Brun of Cologne , Wilhelm of Mainz and Heinrich von Trier as co-king of his father Otto I.
- In August Otto's army march from Augsburg to Italy and crossed the Brenner Pass to Trento . The first destination is Pavia , where Otto celebrates Christmas. Berengar and his followers retreat to castles and avoid open combat. Without letting himself be stopped, Otto moves on towards Rome.
Other events in Europe
- October 15 : After the death of Abd ar-Rahman III. becomes his son al-Hakam II. second caliph of Cordoba . He rules at a time when peace with the Christian empires in the north is largely secured.
- around 961: Harald Blauzahn , King of Denmark , defeats the Norwegian King Håkon I in the Battle of Fitjar . After he had paid homage in Tønsberg , he installed the sons of Erik Blutaxt as sub-kings in Norway . Harald II. Gråfell receives the largest share .
First documentary mentions
- July 29th : Eilenburg and Bernburg Castle (as brandanburg ) are first mentioned in a document.
- Büchslen is first mentioned in a document.
- Etingen is first mentioned in a document.
Culture and religion
- The pagoda of the Yunyan Temple in Suzhou on Tiger Hill near Suzhou , also known as the Huqiu Pagoda, is completed after more than 50 years of construction.
- At the request of Olga von Kiev, Adalbert von Magdeburg is sent to the kingdom of the Kievan Rus as a mission bishop .
- The Agía Lávra , an Orthodox monastery and later a symbol of Greece's independence , is being built near Kalavryta .
- Pietro II. Orseolo , Doge of Venice († 1009 )
- Ramiro III. , King of León († 985 )
- Sigmundur Brestisson , Faroese Viking chief († 1005 )
- 14 / 15 February : Poppo I. , royal chancellor and bishop of Würzburg
- October 15 : Abd ar-Rahman III. , Emir and Caliph of Cordoba (* 889 )
- Hamzah al-Isfahani , Persian geographer and historian
- Michael Maleïnos , Byzantine monk and founder of a monastery (* 894 )
- around 961: Håkon I , King of Norway (* around 920 )