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Heads of State · Nekrolog

The entry of Nikephoros Phokas into Constantinople, Chronicle of Johannes Skylitzes
Nikephorus II. Phocas becomes Byzantine emperor.
963 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 411/412 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 955/956
Buddhist calendar 1506/07 (southern Buddhism); 1505/06 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 60th (61st) cycle

Year of the Water Pig癸亥 ( at the beginning of the year Water Dog 壬戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 325/326 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 341/342
Islamic calendar 351/352 (turn of the year 29/30 January)
Jewish calendar 4723/24 (September 20/21)
Coptic calendar 679/680
Malayalam calendar 138/139
Roman calendar ab urbe condita MDCCXVI (1716)

Diocletian's era : 679/680 (November turn of the year)

Seleucid era Babylon: 1273/74 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1274/75 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1001
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1019/20 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Byzantine Empire

Histamenon of Nicephorus and his foster son Basil

After the death of the Byzantine emperor Romanos II on March 15th, his general Nikephoros Phokas returns to Constantinople to defend himself against the intrigues of the minister Joseph Bringas . With the help of the imperial widow and regent Theophanu and the Patriarch of Constantinople , he was given supreme command of the Eastern Army , by which he was proclaimed emperor. He then marches back to Constantinople, where in the meantime his supporters, led by Basileios Lakapenos , have overthrown Bringas. Thanks to his popularity in the army, Nikephorus II was crowned emperor alongside Romanos' little sons Basil and Constantine and - despite the opposition of the Patriarch Polyeuktus - married their mother Theophanu. Nikephoros made his younger brother Leon the Kuropalates and thus the most important advisor at the court.

Holy Roman Empire / Italy

  • Beginning of the year: Emperor Otto I leaves Rome and goes to Pavia to lead the campaign against Berengar II . This retreats to the San Leo Castle near San Marino .
  • Spring: Pope John XII. makes a political U-turn. He receives Berengar's son Adalbert in Rome and concludes an alliance with him against the emperor.
  • October: Otto breaks off the siege of Berengar that has been going on for the whole summer and goes back to Rome. Johannes and Adalbert flee. Otto obtained an oath from the Romans as soon as he moved in that he would never elect or consecrate a pope before they had obtained the approval or vote of the emperor and his fellow king.

Other events in Europe

science and technology


Megisti Lavra Monastery


  • around 963: Bagrat III. , King of Abkhazia and King of the United Georgia († 1014 )


Death of Romanos II ,
Chronicle of Johannes Skylitzes
  • Tryggve Olafsson , King of Viken on the Oslofjord, as well as of Vingulmark and Rånri
  • around 963: Alp-Tigin , military slave of Turkish descent, governor of Khorasan

Web links

Commons : 963  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files