|Nikephorus II. Phocas becomes Byzantine emperor.|
|963 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||411/412 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1506/07 (southern Buddhism); 1505/06 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||60th (61st) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||325/326 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||351/352 (turn of the year 29/30 January)|
|Jewish calendar||4723/24 (September 20/21)|
ab urbe condita MDCCXVI (1716)
Diocletian's era : 679/680 (November turn of the year)
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1273/74 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1274/75 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1019/20 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
After the death of the Byzantine emperor Romanos II on March 15th, his general Nikephoros Phokas returns to Constantinople to defend himself against the intrigues of the minister Joseph Bringas . With the help of the imperial widow and regent Theophanu and the Patriarch of Constantinople , he was given supreme command of the Eastern Army , by which he was proclaimed emperor. He then marches back to Constantinople, where in the meantime his supporters, led by Basileios Lakapenos , have overthrown Bringas. Thanks to his popularity in the army, Nikephorus II was crowned emperor alongside Romanos' little sons Basil and Constantine and - despite the opposition of the Patriarch Polyeuktus - married their mother Theophanu. Nikephoros made his younger brother Leon the Kuropalates and thus the most important advisor at the court.
Holy Roman Empire / Italy
- Beginning of the year: Emperor Otto I leaves Rome and goes to Pavia to lead the campaign against Berengar II . This retreats to the San Leo Castle near San Marino .
- Spring: Pope John XII. makes a political U-turn. He receives Berengar's son Adalbert in Rome and concludes an alliance with him against the emperor.
- October: Otto breaks off the siege of Berengar that has been going on for the whole summer and goes back to Rome. Johannes and Adalbert flee. Otto obtained an oath from the Romans as soon as he moved in that he would never elect or consecrate a pope before they had obtained the approval or vote of the emperor and his fellow king.
Other events in Europe
science and technology
- December 4th : With the deposition of Pope John XII. a synod convened by Emperor Otto I ends the so-called pornocracy in Rome . The new Pope is Leo VIII. Collected. The protonotary Leo is considered worthy person, but at the time of his appointment as Pope layman . Against the canon , the Bishop of Ostia consecrated him one day after another as Ostiarius , lecturer , exorcist , acolyte , subdeacon , deacon , priest and finally bishop . Thereafter Leo VIII was crowned Pope on the basis of the Privilegium Ottonianum .
- March 15 : Romanos II , Emperor of Byzantium (* 938 )
- April 3 : Wilhelm III. , Duke of Aquitaine (* around 900 )
- April 16 : Wilhelm I , first Count of Weimar
- April 18 : Stephen Lekapenos , Byzantine co-emperor (* 920 / 921 )
- Tryggve Olafsson , King of Viken on the Oslofjord, as well as of Vingulmark and Rånri
- around 963: Alp-Tigin , military slave of Turkish descent, governor of Khorasan