Odilo of Cluny
Odilo (* 961 or 962 ; † January 1, 1049 in Souvigny ) was a Cluniac monk and fifth abbot of Cluny from 994 to 1049. Odilo was canonized, his feast is on January 2.
Odilo came from a noble family, the Mercour family in Auvergne . In 991 he entered Cluny, where he soon became coadjutor of Abbot Maiolus in May 993 , and succeeded him on May 11, 994. Odilo knew almost all the important rulers of the time: the Saxon imperial family (Empress Adelheid , Emperor Otto III ), the Emperors Heinrich II. , The Salian rulers Konrad II. And Heinrich III. , the kings of France, Hungary, Navarre and León. As abbot he led the Cluniac reform to its climax; in the year of his death, 68 monasteries were already members of the Cluny Association.
Odilo's political concerns were above all the peace of God , i.e. to keep certain holy times - for example church festivals - free from struggle and war, and the freedom of the church ( libertas ecclesiae ), away from the individual church system . Cluny and its branch monasteries should only be subordinate to the Pope . Cluny was 998 exemt what was new and groundbreaking for the time, 38 monasteries were there already filialisiert . The All Souls , mandatory from 1028/30 for Cluny, going back to him.
In 1033, after the death of Burchard (June 22nd), Odilo was elected Archbishop of Lyons - he refused the office on fundamental grounds. He was above all a man of asceticism and prayer. Education and training for his monks and branch monasteries were always particularly important to him. Odilo is ascribed the word: "If he should go to hell, it would be better because he was too indulgent than because of hardship and cruelty." He died on the night of New Year .
Odilo bones were Archbishop on June 21, 1345 le Roger Fort applicable . During the French Revolution they were burned on the "Altar of the Fatherland".
Odilos' biographies have been received from his pupil Iotsaldus and from Petrus Damiani .
- Johannes Staub (ed.): Scriptores rerum Germanicarum in usum scholarum separatim editi 68: Iotsald von Saint-Claude, Vita of Abbot Odilo von Cluny. Hanover 1999 ( Monumenta Germaniae Historica , digitized version )
- Daniel Schwenzer: Odilo, 5th abbot of Cluny. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 16, Bautz, Herzberg 1999, ISBN 3-88309-079-4 , Sp. 1171-1176.
- Jean Vigier (ed.): Odilon de Mercoeur, l'Auvergne et Cluny. La paix de Dieu et l'Europe de l'an mil . Créer, Nonette 2002, ISBN 2-909797-76-7 .
- ^ Daniel Schwenzer: Odilo, 5th abbot of Cluny. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 16, Bautz, Herzberg 1999, ISBN 3-88309-079-4 , Sp. 1171-1176.
- ↑ Martin de Framond: Les Mercœur . In: Jean Vigier (ed.): Odilon de Mercoeur, l'Auvergne et Cluny. La paix de Dieu et l'Europe de l'an mil . Créer, Nonette 2002, pp. 83-116.
- ↑ Odilo Ringholz: The introduction of All Souls Day by St. Odilo von Cluny . In: Scientific studies and communications from the Benedictine Order , Vol. 2 (1881), No. 4, pp. 248–249.
- Literature by and about Odilo von Cluny in the catalog of the German National Library
- Odilo abbas Cluniacensis in the repertory "Historical Sources of the German Middle Ages"
- Alexandre Pahud: Odilo. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
Abbot of Cluny
|SURNAME||Odilo of Cluny|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Abbot of Cluny (992-1048)|
|DATE OF BIRTH||961 or 962|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 1, 1049|
|Place of death||Souvigny|