Calendar overview 997
Kenneth III. becomes
King of Scotland .
Santiago de Compostela .
|997 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||445/446 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1540/41 (southern Buddhism); 1539/40 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||61st (62nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||359/360 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||386/387 (turn of the year 13/14 January)|
|Jewish calendar||4757/58 (September 5-6)|
from urbe condita MDCCL (1750)
Diocletian's era 713/714
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1307/08 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1308/09 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1053/54 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- May 10 : Song Zhenzong succeeds his father Taizong and becomes the third emperor of the Song Dynasty in China .
- November 29 : After Seongjong's death , his distant cousin Mokjong becomes ruler of the Korean kingdom of Goryeo at the age of 17 . In the first year of his reign he carried out land reform.
Eastern and Southeastern Europe
- February 1 : Stephan I (Hungarian István I), later the first King of Hungary and national saint, succeeds his late father Géza as Duke of Hungary . But also the tribal prince Koppány von Somogy from the Árpáden dynasty, as a tribal elder, demands Hungarian rule.
- After the death of Stjepan Držislav , King of Croatia , his three sons quarrel over the inheritance.
- After Roman's death, Samuil follows him as Tsar of the Bulgarian Empire .
Holy Roman Empire / Italy
- February 13 : Supporters of Marquis Arduin of Ivrea assassinate Peter , Bishop of Vercelli .
- February: The Roman city lord Crescentius I. Nomentanus raises Johannes Philagathos, last bishop of Piacenza , as Johannes XVI. to the antipope against the previous year by Otto III. appointed Gregor V.
- August 20 : After the death of his father Konrad I , Hermann II of the Konradin family becomes Duke of Swabia .
- Emperor Otto III. undertakes another campaign against the Elbe Slavs in the summer . In December he sets out on his second campaign in Italy in support of Gregory V. Otto's aunt Mathilde , Abbess of Quedlinburg, is entrusted with the reign of the empire.
Southern and Western Europe
- August 10 : Abi Amir al-Mansur , vizier of Córdoba , conquers Santiago de Compostela and destroys the city and the cathedral. A few thousand Christian survivors have to carry the bells of the cathedral to Córdoba as slaves , where they are melted into lamps for the mosque.
- Kenneth III. follows his distant cousin Constantine III. , who has been murdered as the fifth Scottish king in a row, to the Scottish throne. He is the last Scottish king to be elected under the traditional tanistry system.
North Africa and the Middle East
- Beginning of the year: After his coup at the end of the previous year, Hassan ibn Ammar al-Kutami had the former chief minister Isa ibn Nasturus executed.
- September 3 : Bardjawan , teacher of the caliph al-Hākim bi-amr Allāh , leads a successful coup against the Berber regent Hassan ibn Ammar al-Kutami , whose Kutāma army is on a campaign in Syria. Hassan has to flee, Bardjawan takes over the reign for the underage caliph in the Fatimid Empire .
- The later Reichsabbey Burtscheid is at the instigation of Emperor Otto III. Founded by the Basilian Abbot Gregory as a Benedictine monastery .
- The aristocrat Þangbrandr went to Iceland as a missionary on behalf of the Norwegian King Olav I. Tryggvason in order to Christianize the country .
- Alain III. , Duke of Brittany († 1040 )
- Ibn Muṭarrif aṭ-Ṭarafī , Andalusian Islamic scholar († 1062 )
Date of death secured
- February 1 : Géza , Grand Prince of Hungary (* around 940 )
- April 23 : Adalbert of Prague , Bishop of Prague, Christian missionary to the Hungarians and Prussians and martyr of the Catholic Church (* around 956 )
- May 8 : Song Taizong , Chinese emperor of the (Northern) Song Dynasty (* 939 )
- June 16 : Witigowo , abbot of the Reichenau monastery
- August 20 : Konrad I , Duke of Swabia
- August: Sebük Tigin , Turkish military slave in the service of the Samanids, founder of the Ghaznavid dynasty (* around 942 )
- November 29 : Seongjong , King of the Korean Kingdom of Goryeo (* 961 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Aldebert I , Count of La Marche and Périgord
- Isa ibn Nasturus , chief minister of the Fatimids
- Constantine III , King of Scotland
- Megingoz von Geldern , German nobleman and founder of the monastery (* around 920 )
- Roman , Tsar of Bulgaria (* around 929 )
- Stjepan Držislav , King of Croatia