Gregor von Burtscheid

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Gregor von Burtscheid (* between 930 and 940; † November 4, 999 ; also: Gregory of Calabria ) was the first abbot who was commissioned by Emperor Otto III. founded imperial abbey Burtscheid .


Gregor von Burtscheid was known as Gregor of Calabria because he was born between 930 and 940 in Calabria, which at that time belonged to the Byzantine sphere of influence.

Emperor Otto III. founded the Burtscheid Abbey in the then independent village of Burtscheid near Aachen in 997 and appointed Gregor, who had been the abbot of the Basilian monastery of St. Andreas in Cerchiara di Calabria , as the first abbot of this monastery. Gregor died on November 4th, 999 in the name of a holy man. His bones were first buried in the Nikolaus chapel on the abbey grounds. At the end of the 12th century, Gregory was raised to the honor of the altars . The day of his death was celebrated as a feast day until the abbey of Burtscheid was abolished.

Around 1190 Abbot Arnold had the bones transferred from the Nikolaus chapel next to the high altar to the new abbey church. When the church was rebuilt in the middle of the 18th century, the shrine was placed behind the high altar. In 1895 a new shrine was made based on a design by Karl Krauss , which was located on the left side of the dome. In the heavy bombing raid on Burtscheid on April 11, 1944, Gregor's grave was also destroyed. Remnants of the bones that could be recovered from the rubble were then kept in a silver box. This small reliquary was transferred to the sarcophagus under the Berdolet altar in 1996 in the parish church of St. Johann in Aachen-Burtscheid , the former abbey church.

Since 2010 Abbot Gregor has been the patron of the parish of St. Gregorius , Herz-Jesu , St. Aposteln, St. Johann and St. Michael, which was dissolved at the end of 2009 .


  • Vera von Falkenhausen : Gregor von Burtscheid and the Greek monasticism in Calabria . In: Roman quarterly . Volume 93, 1998, pp. 215-250.
  • Paolo Damiano Franzese: San Gregorio da Cerchiara. Vitae con testo latino a fronte, premessa di Filippo Burgarella , ed. Il Coscile, Castrovillari 2010
  • Paolo Damiano Franzese: San Gregorio da Cerchiara, vita e cultura di un monaco italogreco nel cuore dell'Europa ottoniana . In Rivista Storica Calabrese . Volume XXIV, 2003, pp. 71-123.

Individual evidence

  1. St. Gregor von Burtscheid: Welcome , January 2, 2010

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