Calendar overview 1058
|Nicholas II is elected Pope in Siena . At this point in time there is already a Pope in Rome, Benedict X.|
|1058 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||506/507 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1601/02 (southern Buddhism); 1600/01 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||62nd (63rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||420/421 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||436/437 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||449/450 (February 27-28)|
|Jewish calendar||4818/19 (September 20/21)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1368/69 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1369/70 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1114/15 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- March 17th / April 23rd : Malcolm III kills at Essie near Aberdeen . King Lulach in battle and is believed to be crowned King of Scotland on April 25th at Scone Abbey .
- July 25th : Reconquista : Ferdinand I of León conquers Viseu from Christian fiefs of the Taifa and thus controls the valley of the Mondego .
- Reconquista: First attack by Raimund Berengar I against the Muslim ruler of Saragossa Ahmad I al-Muqtadir . His rival, the Emir of Lleida , had called on the Count of Barcelona for help.
Central and Eastern Europe
- March 6th : Pope Stephen IX. Cluny confirms the right to coin.
- September 20th : Agnes von Poitou and the Hungarian King Andreas I meet for negotiations about the border zone in today's Burgenland .
- November 6th : The Byzantine ruler Isaac I Komnenos deposed the Patriarch of Constantinople Michael I Kerularios because of his too great power.
- November 28 : Bolesław II becomes Duke of Poland after the death of his father Casimir I Karl .
- Autumn : William VIII becomes Duke of Aquitaine after the death of William VII , which extends to include Gascony .
- Judith , the four-year-old daughter of Emperor Heinrich III. , is married to the five-year-old Hungarian Prince Salomon .
- Petar Kresimir IV. , After the death of his father I. Stjepan king of Croatia .
- June : Norman conquest of southern Italy : The Norman duke Richard of Capua takes Capua and becomes its prince.
- In southern Morocco , the Almoravids win a battle against the Bargawata , but cannot defeat them completely.
- January 24th : The Abbasid Caliph proclaims Tughrul Beg Sultan and Emir of the East and the West. But he first has to suppress the revolt of his nephew Ibrahim Inal , who has allied himself with the Turkish general Al-Basasiri , who is in the service of the Buyids .
- December 27 : The Fatimids benefit from the war under the Seljuks and conquer Baghdad through their general Al-Basasiri. He declares the caliph Al-Qa'im deposed and joins Shiism.
- The Sinhalese ruler Vijayabahu I succeeds in bringing the entire southern province of Sri Lanka under his control.
First documentary mentions
- Bad Mergentheim is first mentioned in a document
- The Abbey of Leyre near Yesa in Navarre is inaugurated.
- In Parma , after it was destroyed by fire, the rebuilding of the Parma Cathedral begins .
- In Bhubaneswar in the eastern Indian state of Odisha is Brahmeswara Temple built.
- Under Raimund Berengar I (from 1058 to 1068) the first codification of Catalan law took place in the Usatges de la Cort de Barcelona ; this is the first written summary of feudal law in Europe.
- Shortly before his death, Pope Stephen IX recognized. the authenticity of the relics of Mary Magdalene in the Benedictine Abbey of Vézelay in France, which will then become an important pilgrimage center.
- Pope Stephen IX dies on March 29th in Florence while planning a campaign against the Normans in southern Italy . He is buried in the Church of Santa Reparata . Although he decided before his death that a new conclave should be waited for until Hildebrand von Soana returned to Rome from his trip to Germany, a group of cardinals hostile to reform elects Johann Mincius, Bishop of Velletri, as Benedict X on April 5th . to the Pope. The cardinals around Petrus Damiani who are protesting against this election have to flee Rome. After Hildebrand's return and at his instigation, after the consent of the German court had also arrived, presumably on December 6th, Gerhard of Burgundy in Siena as Nicholas II was elected as the new pope, whereupon he immediately set off for Rome.
- The monk Desiderius , better known as the later Pope Viktor III. , becomes abbot of Montecassino (until 1087). Under him a formidable collection of manuscripts of great artistic value was created.
- Ealdred , the Archbishop of York , is the first English bishop to make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem .
- Baldwin of Boulogne , Count of Verdun, a leader of the First Crusade, Count of Edessa, later King of Jerusalem († 1118 )
- al-Ghazālī , Islamic philosopher and writer († 1111 )
- Ibn Chafadscha , Andalusian poet († 1138 or 1139 )
- Theodora Anna Doukaina Selvo , wife of Doge Domenico Selvo († 1083 )
Date of death secured
- March 1st : Judgment of Carcassonne , regent of Barcelona, Ausona and Girona (* between 975 and 978 )
- March 5 : Theophanu , Abbess of Essen and Gerresheim (* around 997 )
- March 17th : Lulach , King of Scotland (* around 1029 )
- March 18 : al-Yazuri , vizier of the Fatimid caliphs
- March 29th : Friedrich von Lothringen, under the name Stephan IX. Pope (* around 1020 )
- April 15 : Woffo , Eichstätter Cathedral Treasurer and later Bishop of Merseburg
- August 2nd : Judith von Schweinfurt , Duchess of Bohemia (* before 1003)
- November 28th : Casimir I , Duke of Poland (* 1016 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Abdullah ibn Bakhtishu , Syrian doctor and writer (* 940 )
- Abu al-Hasan al-Mawardi , Islamic legal scholar (* 972 )
- Ælfwald II , Bishop of Sherborne
- Alain Canhiart , Count of Cornouaille (* 1000 )
- Anmchad , Irish monk
- Bodhe , Scottish prince (* 985 )
- Centulle IV. , Vice-Count of Béarn
- Flaithem Mac Mael Gaimrid , Irish poet and chief bard
- Gagik I , King of Kakheti
- Gregory II , Count of Tusculum and the Lateran (* around 1000 )
- Mariano I. Salusio I. , Judike of Cagliari (Sardinia)
- Noin , Japanese monk and poet (* 988 )
- Sasaki Yoshitsune , Japanese nobleman and military commander (* 1000 )
- Stjepan I , King of Croatia