Calendar overview 1056
|Heinrich IV. Becomes Roman-German king .||
Anno II becomes
Archbishop of Cologne .
|1056 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||504/505 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1599/1600 (southern Buddhism); 1598/99 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||62nd (63rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||418/419 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||434/435 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||447/448 (March 21-22)|
|Jewish calendar||4816/17 (September 11-12)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1366/67 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1367/68 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1112/13 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- August 31 : Michael VI. is after the death of Theodora III. to the emperor of the Byzantine Empire . At the beginning of his reign he is with the usurpation of Theodosios Monomachus , a relative of the 1055 deceased Emperor Constantine IX. , which, however, fails.
Holy Roman Empire
- October 5th : Henry IV of Sali becomes King of the Holy Roman Empire after his father Heinrich III. died unexpectedly. His mother Agnes von Poitou leads the affairs of government together with Pope Viktor II as an advisor for the almost six year old.
- The Otakar I from the family of Traungauer is after the extinction of Catfish Lambacher Margrave of Styria .
- Anund, the only son of Emund the old man , dies of poisoning while fighting the Kväner. This leads four years later to the extinction of the male line of the Yngling on the Swedish throne.
- Battle of Tabfarilla in Mauritania : The Almoravids are defeated by the Berber tribe of the Judala and their Emir Yahya ibn Umar is killed. After the death of his brother, Abu Bakr ibn Umar is proclaimed the second emir of the newly formed combat league by Abdallah ibn Yasin .
First documentary mentions
- Coburg is mentioned for the first time in a document with which the Polish queen Richeza gives an estate to the Archbishop Anno II of Cologne .
- Anno II becomes Archbishop of Cologne . He succeeds Hermann II , who died on February 11, in this role.
- Ísleifur Gissurarson founds the Skálholt diocese in Iceland .
- Adalbero founds the Lambach Benedictine Abbey .
- The priests of the local snake cult are expelled from Bagan .
- Hildebert von Lavardin , French writer and Archbishop of Tours († 1133 )
- Wilhelm II. Rufus, King of England († 1100 )
- Sæmundur fróði , Icelandic scholar († 1133 )
Date of death secured
- February 11th : Hermann II. , Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Cologne (* 995 )
- August 31 : Theodora III. , Empress of Byzantium (* around 985 )
- September 10th : Dietrich I. von Katlenburg , Count in Lies- and Rittigau
- September 10th : Wilhelm , Count von Haldensleben and Margrave of the Nordmark
- October 5 : Heinrich III. , German King and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (* 1017 )
- December 29th : Theoderich , Bishop of Basel
Exact date of death unknown
- March / April: Yahya ibn Umar , first emir of the Almoravids
- Hilal as-Sabi ' , Islamic writer, historian and bureaucrat (* 969 )
- Leo I. Carigradjanin , Byzantine cleric and Archbishop of Ohrid
- Shmuel ha-Nagid , Grand Vizier of the Kingdom of Granada and Jewish poet (* 993 )