Calendar overview 969
Johannes Tzimiskes kills his uncle Nikephoros II
in a plot with Empress Theophanu
and is crowned As Byzantine Emperor.
|969 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||417/418 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1512/13 (southern Buddhism); 1511/12 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||61st (62nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||331/332 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||358/359 (turn of the year 13/14 November)|
|Jewish calendar||4729/30 (September 15/16)|
ab urbe condita MDCCXXII (1722)
Diocletian's era : 685/686 (New Year November)
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1279/80 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1280/81 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1025/26 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- October 28th : Antioch on the Orontes (today: Antakya ) is recaptured from the Arabs by the Byzantine general Michael Bourtzes .
- December 11th : In Constantinople , the Byzantine Emperor Nikephorus II is killed by his nephew Johannes Tzimiskes in a plot with the Empress Theophanu in his bedroom in the Bukoleon Palace . The planned marriage of Theophanus with the usurper fails, however, due to the resistance of the patriarch Polyeuktus of Constantinople . He refuses to crown Johannes Tzimiskes as the new emperor until he has repented and banished Theophanou from the imperial palace.
Central and Eastern Europe
- January: The Kievan Rus under Svyatoslav invade the Bulgarian Empire again after they have repulsed the Pechenegs from Kiev . Its tsar Peter I suffers a stroke in the face of the renewed defeat of his army and dies on January 29th . He is succeeded by his son Boris II , who is returning to his country from a Byzantine hostage. After the Rus conquered the entire eastern part of his empire including the capital Preslaw , Boris ruled over the western part of Bulgaria .
- Svyatoslav I destroys the Khazarian capital Itil and thus puts an end to the Khazar empire.
- Stjepan Držislav succeeds his father Mihajlo Krešimir II. King of Croatia .
- 969/ 970 : Viking Age in the Faroe Islands : The dispute between Einar and Eldjarn on the Faroe Islands is part of the Faroese .
- The Fatimids under Caliph Abu Tamim al-Muizz conquer Egypt from the west and overthrow the Ichschididen dynasty and their last ruler, Abu l-Fawaris . The Sherif of Mecca also recognize the suzerainty of the new dynasty.
- July 6 : The Fatimid begin in they conquered Egypt with the construction of their new residence of Cairo . The initiative to found the city comes from the general Jawar as-Siqilli . The Fatimid caliph Abu Tamin al-Muizz has her called al-Mansuriyya ("the victorious").
- The mentally ill Tennō Reizei renounces the throne of Japan in favor of his 11-year-old brother En'yū .
- Gero becomes Archbishop of Cologne . He succeeds Folcmar , who died on July 18th .
- Volkold becomes Bishop of Meissen as the successor to Burchard , who died on September 25th .
- Milo succeeds Landward as Bishop of Minden .
- Dodo succeeds Hildebold as Bishop of Münster .
- The St. Stephan monastery in Augsburg is founded.
- Hilal as-Sabi ' , Arabic writer, historian and bureaucrat († 1056 )
- Stephan I , Magyar prince, first king of Hungary, Catholic saint († 1038 )
- William V , Duke of Aquitaine and Count of Poitiers († 1030 )
- January 29th : Peter I , Tsar of Bulgaria (* around 895 )
- May 5 : Gerberga , Duchess of Lorraine and Queen of West Franconia (* 913 )
- July 11 : Olga , regent of the Kievan Rus, Russian Orthodox saint (* after 900)
- July 18 : Folcmar , Archbishop of Cologne
- September 25th : Burchard , first bishop of Meissen
- 26 / September 27 : Landward , Bishop of Minden
- December 11 : Nikephorus II. , Byzantine general and emperor (* 912 )
- Hildebold , Bishop of Munster