Calendar overview 974
|Mönchengladbach Minster begins.||Bavarian Duke Heinrich II rebels against Emperor Otto II.|
|974 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||422/423 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1517/18 (southern Buddhism); 1516/17 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||61st (62nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||336/337 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||363/364 (turn of the year 19/20 September)|
|Jewish calendar||4734/35 (September 18-19)|
ab urbe condita MDCCXXVII (1727)
Diocletian's era : 690/691 (turn of the year November)
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1284/85 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1285/86 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1030/31 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Central and Southern Europe
- Spring: The Bavarian Duke Heinrich II., The brawler and his advisor, Bishop Abraham von Freising, conspire with the Dukes Mieszko I of Poland and Boleslav II of Bohemia against the Emperor. In response, Otto sends Bishop Poppo von Würzburg and invites him and all his followers to a court day under threat of excommunication. Although Heinrich submitted without a fight, he was imprisoned in Ingelheim , Bishop Abraham von Freising in Corvey .
- Anti-imperial Roman patrician families under the leadership of the Crescentier set Pope Benedict VI, appointed by Otto I. and imprison him in the Castel Sant'Angelo . Subsequently, Crescentius de Theodora raised his partisan Franco under the name Boniface VII. To the antipope . He has Benedict strangled in July by the bribed priest Stephan and his brother. After only six weeks, however, Boniface VII had to flee to Byzantium before the approaching new Emperor Otto II , taking treasures from St. Peter's Church with him. At Otto's instigation, the Bishop of Sutri Benedict VII is elected as the new Pope . He excommunicated Boniface, who had fled. The Crescentians remain unmolested despite their betrayal.
- Summer: The Danish king Harald Bluetooth falls into Nordalbingia one. Supported by Norwegian troops under Jarl Hakon , he penetrates south across the Danewerk . Otto's first counterattack fails in front of the Danewerk, which is tenaciously defended by Jarl Hakon and the Norwegians. It was not until autumn, when the Norwegians had sailed north again, that Otto made the breakthrough and launched an attack on Haithabu .
North Africa / Asia
- After the death of his father al-Mutīʿ li-ʾllāh , at-Tā'iʿ becomes the 24th Abbasid caliph under the Persian suzerainty of Adud ad-Daula from the Buyid family .
First documentary mentions
- Antonios III. Studites becomes the new Patriarch of Constantinople .
- After his return from Constantinople, Archbishop Gero of Cologne founds an abbey on the Gladbach hill and puts it under the protection of the Holy Spirit , the Mother of God, Mary, and the martyr Vitus . Construction of the Mönchengladbach Minster begins. The Trier monk Sandrad became the first abbot in what would later become Mönchengladbach .
- March 8 : Lý Thái Tổ , ruler of the i Cồ Việt empire in what is now North Vietnam and founder of the Lý dynasty, founder of the capital Hanoi († 1028 )
- Friedrich von Walbeck , Burgrave of Magdeburg († after 1018)
- Goustan , Breton saint († around 1040 )
- around 974: Brun von Querfurt , German archbishop and missionary, apostle and martyr among the Prussians († 1009 )
- March 7th : Johannes von Gorze , Lorraine monk, diplomat, land manager and monastery reformer (* around 900 )
- April 25 : Ratherius , teacher, Abbot of Lobbes, Bishop of Verona and Bishop of Liège (* around 887 )
- July: Benedict VI. , Pope