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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Eschwege
Map of Germany, position of the city of Eschwege highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 11 '  N , 10 ° 3'  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : kassel
County : Werra-Meißner district
Height : 165 m above sea level NHN
Area : 63.27 km 2
Residents: 19,412 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 307 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 37269
Primaries : 05651, 05652
License plate : ESW, WIZ
Community key : 06 6 36 003
City structure: 7 districts

City administration address :
Obermarkt 22
37269 Eschwege
Website :
Mayor : Alexander Heppe ( CDU )
Location of the city of Eschwege in the Werra-Meißner district
Werra-Meißner-Kreis Hessen Sontra Waldkappel Hessisch Lichtenau Gutsbezirk Kaufunger Wald Großalmerode Berkatal Meißner Neu-Eichenberg Witzenhausen Herleshausen Ringgau Wehretal Weißenborn Eschwege Wanfried Meinhard Bad Sooden-Allendorf Niedersachsen Thüringen Landkreis Hersfeld-Rotenburg Schwalm-Eder-Kreis Landkreis Kasselmap
About this picture

Eschwege is a district town in the Werra-Meißner district in North Hesse .


The city is located in an extensive river basin of the Werra at the foot of the Leuchtberge northwest of the Schlierbachswald and east of the Hohe Meißner .

The next major Hessian city is Kassel (approx. 52 km northwest); the next major city in Lower Saxony, Göttingen (approx. 55 km north).

Neighboring communities

Eschwege borders in the north on the town of Bad Sooden-Allendorf and the municipality of Meinhard , in the east on the town of Wanfried (all three in the Werra-Meißner district), in the southeast on the town of Treffurt (in the Thuringian Wartburg district ), in the south on the communities Weißenborn and Wehretal , in the west to the municipality of Meißner and in the northwest to the municipality of Berkatal (all four in the Werra-Meißner district).

City structure

In addition to the core town of Eschwege, the place consists of the districts of Albungen , Eltmannshausen , Niddawitzhausen , Niederdünzebach , Niederhone , Oberdünzebach and Oberhone .


Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Eschwege
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 2 4th 9 13 18th 20th 23 23 18th 13 7th 3 O 12.8
Min. Temperature (° C) −1 −1 2 4th 8th 11 13 13 10 6th 2 0 O 5.6
Temperature (° C) −0.1 0.6 3.9 8.0 12.5 15.7 17.1 16.6 13.6 9.3 4.4 1.3 O 8.6
Precipitation ( mm ) 44.8 36.3 47.8 51.6 65.9 84.3 70.9 65.3 51.5 45.5 53.2 59.0 Σ 676.1
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Source: max / min temperatures, monthly average temperatures and precipitation


Copper engraving by Eschwege in 1655 (Matthäus Merian)

Eskinivvach is first mentioned in 974. This name comes from an old Germanic language and means something like settlement near the ash trees by the water . In terms of linguistic history, the origin of the place can be dated to a time before the conquest by the Franks . That was after the year 500, at the latest by 700. A Franconian royal court was probably built here in Merovingian times, which guarded the border over the Werra ford to Thuringia and still existed in the 10th and 11th centuries. St. Dionys , the preferred saint of the Merovingians, to whom the Old Town Church is consecrated, points to this time .

Eschwege: View of Werra Bridge and "Brückenhausen"

The first written mention can be found in a document from Emperor Otto II , who left the royal court and the settlement of his wife Theophanu as heir. Her daughter Sophie founded the Eschwege women's monastery on the Cyriakusberg around 1000 , which was consecrated to Saint Cyriakus and existed until the Reformation in Hesse in 1527 (the only remnant of the monastery that still exists today is the Karlsturm ). The place received market rights around 1188, and city rights followed before 1249. The foundations of cloth and leather production, which has flourished until modern times, also date from this time .

The Eschwege development area in 1961

From 1264 Eschwege belonged to Hesse as a result of the Thuringian-Hessian War of Succession under Heinrich I of Hesse. On May 12, 1292 he offered the city of Eschwege to King Adolf von Nassau as an imperial fief and immediately received it and the imperial castle Boyneburg back as a hereditary imperial fief. With this, Heinrich acquired the dignity of imperial prince , which considerably strengthened his position of power in Hesse.

Landgrave Balthasar von Thuringia moved into the city in 1385 and built a castle in 1386. In 1433 the city fell back to the Landgraviate of Hesse . Landgraves Philip I , Wilhelm IV and Moritz expanded the castle into a palace. 1585 an office Eschwege is attested. From 1627 to 1632 this was the retirement home of the abdicated Landgrave Moritz and from 1632 to 1655 the residence of Landgrave Friedrich von Hessen-Eschwege , a branch line in the so-called Rotenburger Quart of the House of Hessen-Kassel ; however, Friedrich did not actually reside in the city until after 1646.

During the Thirty Years' War , Eschwege was plundered on Easter 1637 by imperial Croats under General Johann von Götzen and largely devastated by fires. After the death of Friedrich of Hessen-Eschwege in 1655, his (partial) landgraviate fell to his brother Ernst von Hessen-Rheinfels . After 1731, his grandson Christian von Hessen-Wanfried moved the residence of the Landgraviate of Hessen-Wanfried to Eschwege. After the male line Hessen-Wanfried died out in 1755, the Landgraviate fell to the Hessen-Rotenburg line . When this male line also went out in 1834, the entire quarter fell back to the parent company Hessen-Kassel.

On October 30, 1657 Martha Kerste and her daughter Catharina Rudeloff were executed on charges of witchcraft . Mayor Jürgen Zick on behalf of the city and the Synod of the Evangelical Church District Eschwege announced on October 30, 2007 a rehabilitation of the two women condemned as "witches".

Eschwege was on the Leipzig - Kassel post office route established in 1700 as part of the Moscow - Amsterdam long-distance post line .

The city received a railway connection in 1875 when the line from Bebra to Eschwege was built. The Niederhone station (from 1936 Eschwege-West) was the intersection of the Berlin-Coblenzer Railway ( Kanonenbahn ) and the Bebra-Friedländer Railway.

During the Second World War , Eschwege was the target of air raids several times . Attacks on July 7th, 19th and 21st as well as on August 26th, 1940 mainly targeted the airfield. On April 19, 1944, the airfield as well as the Ober- and Niederhone were attacked, with 18 dead and 60 injured. The heaviest attack took place around noon on February 22, 1945, which was primarily aimed at the station and claimed 44 lives. On April 3, 1945, retreating German troops blew up the Werra bridges in the city. On the same day the US Army entered the city. The occupiers set up their headquarters in the district court.

After the end of the war, Eschwege belonged to the American zone of occupation . The US military administration set up a DP camp in 1946 to accommodate Jewish refugees, so-called Displaced Persons (DP). This camp, in which up to 3,300 people lived at times, was disbanded in April 1949.

Charitable foundations

The Schenck Foundation in Eschwege was established by Rudolph von Schenck zu Schweinsberg , governor of Cassel and governor of the Werra. It was intended to pay the preachers, the school and church servants, to benefit students and schoolboys and to reward loyal servants who had served ten years under the same rule.

In 1863 the two pastors of the old town and the pastor of the new town were the board members of the foundation. Ludwig Arnold, the provisional church organization for Eschwege, was appointed as administrator and pastor widows' fund administrator.

Historical city names

When it was founded, Eschwege was called "Eskiniwach", which means something like "settlement near the ash trees by the water". The elderly people who live in the vicinity of Eschwege also call “Eschwege” “Eschewei” or “Ischewei”. These names probably come from High German and are derived from the Germanic original name Eschweges. Other historically documented forms of the place's name are "Eskinewag" in pago Germara marca (994), "Iskinwege" (1064/65), "Heschenewege" (1070/77), "Askinewage" (1070) and "Eschenwege" (1188).

Labeled panorama of the old town of Eschwege - taken from the Nikolaiturm


In 1936 Niederhone was incorporated, as the site was needed to create the Eschwege air base; the local state domain was dissolved and largely demolished.

As part of the regional reform in Hesse on December 31, 1971, the previously independent communities Niederdünzebach and Oberdünzebach became districts of Eschweges. Albungen, Eltmannshausen and Niddawitzhausen followed on April 1, 1972. Oberhone was added on January 1, 1974 by state law.

Population development

Population development in Eschwege from 1998 to 2018 according to the table below
year 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Residents 22.094 21,951 21,723 21,625 21,597 21,387 21,086 20,847 20,610 20,372 20,153 20,018 19,882 19,805 19,393 19,470 19,466 19,542 19,716 19,647 21,445

(as of December 31st)



St. Elisabeth Church

In Eschwege there are three Protestant parishes in the core town (town parish Eschwege with the market church of St. Dionys and the Neustädter church of St. Katharina, cross parish on the Struth and resurrection parish on the Heuberg) and one evangelical parish each in the districts of Albungen, Eltmannshausen, Niddawitzhausen, Niederdünzebach, Oberdünzebach, Niederhone and Oberhone. There are also two Roman Catholic parishes in the core town of Eschwege (St. Elisabeth and Apostelkirche am Heuberg), a parish of the regional church community (Bismarckstraße 7), an Evangelical Free Church ( Baptists ), and a New Apostolic congregation, which hold services in the former synagogue (Vor dem Berge 4), and for more than 50 years the congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses (Schlesienstrasse 1–3). At the end of 2006, out of a total population of 22,574, 13,967 (= 61.87%) people belong to the Evangelical Church and 3,403 people (15.07%) belong to the Catholic Church.

The oldest church in the city was built in the 10th century on the site of today's market church.


Former synagogue in Eschwege
David Ben Gurion monument at the former UNRRA camp in Eschwege

Jews lived in Eschwege as early as the Middle Ages , the first evidence dated back to 1301. The Jewish community was destroyed during the persecution during the plague of 1348/1349 . In 1457 a "Judengasse" was mentioned, in 1507 there was talk of the "vicus iudaicus". Judengasse was located in the city center between “Kohlenmarkt” and “Neuer Steinweg”. In 1580 there were 30 Jewish residents in the city. By the middle of the 18th century, their number rose to 171 (4.9% of the total population). Initially, the families lived almost exclusively from trading cattle and goods (textiles). In the 19th century, however, numerous Jewish trading, commercial and industrial companies emerged, which were of great importance for the city's economic life. The Jewish residents also took an active part in public life. The community belonged to the Niederhessen (Kassel) rabbinical district , but had its own district rabbinate . Most of the Jewish residents were there in 1885, 549 lived here at that time. The Eschweg synagogue was inaugurated in 1838 . Its interior was completely destroyed in the November pogrom in 1938 . The Eschwege Jewish elementary school existed from 1827 to 1939 . The New Apostolic congregation of Eschwege has been based in the former synagogue since 1954.

After 1933 some of the Jewish community members (1933: 421 people) moved away from Eschwege or emigrated due to increasing disenfranchisement and reprisals, a large number of them to the USA (80 people). In 1941–1942 the last 100 or so Jewish residents were deported to the concentration camps.

From 1946 to April 1949, a DP camp was operated on the former air base for Jewish concentration camp survivors under the supervision of UNRRA . Almost all of the camp residents emigrated there after the establishment of the State of Israel . The remaining Jewish residents in Eschwege were too few to be able to form a minyan again in the long term .


City Council

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Distribution of seats in the 2016 city council
A total of 37 seats
Parties and constituencies %
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 36.4 13 40.8 15th 44.8 17th 43.7 16
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 39.8 15th 35.9 13 32.0 12 32.9 12
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens 5.3 2 9.9 4th 5.7 2 5.7 2
FWG Free voter community Eschwege 7.0 3 5.1 2 8.6 3 7.9 3
FDP Free Democratic Party 6.0 2 4.8 2 8.9 3 9.8 4th
LEFT The left 5.6 2 3.5 1 - - - -
total 100.0 37 100.0 37 100.0 37 100.0 37
Voter turnout in% 44.7 46.3 47.2 50.0


The magistrate of the district town of Eschwege consists of the mayor (Alexander Heppe, CDU) and 8 honorary city councilors. Of these, 3 city councilors belong to the CDU, 2 to the SPD and 1 city council each to the FWG, FDP and Greens.


The current mayor is Alexander Heppe ( CDU ). He won the runoff election on June 21, 2009 against the SPD candidate with 52.0% of the vote. He was re-elected in June 2015 and thus confirmed in his office.

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the district town of Eschwege shows a silver castle with two pointed towers on a red background. A green ash branch with three pinnate leaves hovers between the two towers. The district town of Eschwege has issued statutes to protect the use of the coat of arms.

Town twinning

Eschwege maintains partnerships with the French Saint-Mandé in the Val-de-Marne department (since 1989), Mühlhausen in Thuringia (since 1989) and the Bavarian Regen (since 1997; friendship between cities since 1967).

There are also sponsorships for the Werra tender of the German Navy , the BP 26 Eschwege of the Federal Police See and the Lufthansa aircraft D-ACPH, which was baptized with the name Eschwege .

Culture and sights

Old Town Hall



Eastern front of the Eschweg Castle
Eschwege - Schäferhalle

Eschwege has a medieval town center with closed half-timbered buildings . For example, the market square is surrounded by a number of half-timbered houses. The town hall group stretches between Obermarkt and Untermarkt with the Old Town Hall built in 1660, a three-storey half-timbered building with flat carvings and the New Town Hall, which is a three-storey, late Classicist stone building from 1842/43. In addition, there are the following buildings worth seeing:

  • Neustädter Church St. Katharina
  • Market Church of St. Dionys
  • Eschweger Landgrafenschloss , seat of the district administration since 1821 (built as a castle in 1386, expanded to a castle in the 16th and 17th centuries), with the Dietemann tower and the Frau-Holle fountain, which was built in 1930 and on its outside reliefs with scenes shows the fairy tale of the same name
  • Wedding house (town house in the Renaissance style from 1578) with access to the Black Tower
  • Schulberg (Cyriakusberg) with the Karlsturm, also called the Black Tower (the only surviving building of the monastery from the 11th century)
  • Nikolaiturm (former church tower from 1455), highest tower in the city (47.62 m), today accessible as a lookout tower ( )World icon
  • Bismarck Tower on the Großer Leuchtberg (from 1903)
  • Schäferhalle on the western slope of the Leuchtberge near Eschwege, neoclassical pavilion , which was built in 1913 as a thank you for a generous donation (300,000 marks) by the manufacturer and patron Gustav Schäfer
  • Former synagogue , today a New Apostolic Church
  • Hospital chapel
  • Remains of the former Augustinian monastery with u. a. the monastery chapel, bought by Jacob Andreas in 1875 and today the seat of the Eschweg monastery brewery
  • Witch cellar
  • historical railway bridge over the Werra

Parks and natural spaces

Sunset at the Werratalsee
Eschwege, bodies of water on the Werra shape the cityscape


On the Werratalsee there is a regatta course of the German Rowing Association with six lanes and 1500 meters in length. It was expanded to 2000 meters in 2008. The Hessian rowing championships have been held here for several years. The “Werratalsee and sailing club WSSC 1969 Eschwege e. V. ”organizes a spring and an autumn regatta every year.

Another sporting event is the “WerraMan” triathlon . The riding facility in the immediate vicinity of the Werratalsee is the annual venue for the North Hessian championships in show jumping and dressage . The Hessian championships in these disciplines were held here several times. Football is played in Eschwege in the clubs SV 07 Eschwege (district league C1), FC Eschwege 1988 eV (district league C2) and FFV Palm Strikers Eschwege (district league C2).

The Eschweger TSV 1848 e. V. (gymnastics and sports club) unites eleven departments under one roof, making it one of the largest sports clubs in the district. He offers u. a. Basketball, handball, table tennis, gymnastics, swimming, cycling and athletics.

The volleyball club in Eschwege is called Volleyball-Gemeinschaft Eschwege e. V. His women's team plays in the big leagues.

The largest tennis club in town is called Tennis-Club Eschwege e. V.,

The Eschweger Line Dance Club The Ghostriders e. V. is a dance sport club for country & western dance.

Regular events

  • Weekly market on the Obermarkt every Wednesday and Saturday morning
  • Johannisfest , traditionally on the first Sunday in July - is brought forward to the last Sunday before the start of the holiday if the Hessian summer holidays start in June. Friday: City festival with traditional “wreaths”, Saturday: “May parade” for the Eschweg school classes, Sunday : Festival parade for the Eschweg school classes with the Dietemann , Monday: the end of the festival and the Eschweg rowing club on the Werra; big fireworks display
  • Open Flair Festival , i. d. Usually on the second weekend in August
  • Airfield festival of the Eschweger Luftsportverein e. V. on the Stauffenbühl glider airfield near Eschwege
  • Pub festival in the city center with live music in spring and autumn
  • Brewery festival ( Eschweger monastery brewery )
  • Wurschtfest in September or October
  • Eschweger Doll Festival, 1st weekend in November
  • EAA (Eschweger Motor Show)
  • Eschweg Spring Festival
  • Eschweger Schützenfest, 1st weekend in September
  • Hessian rowing championships, at the beginning of October on the Werratalsee
  • Spring concert of the Eschweger Musikzüge in May
  • Concert of the Young Eschweger Philharmonic in April


Eschwege is a stop on the Werra-Burgen-Steig Hessen long-distance hiking trail (X5H).

Economy and Infrastructure


Eschwege city station
Eschwege West station, now only a depot

The federal highways 27 , 249 and 452 run through the city . Eschwege is also on the regional train line R7 Göttingen - Eschwege - Bebra - Bad Hersfeld - Fulda (see: Bebra – Göttingen railway line ) and belongs to the North Hessian transport association. The nearby Autobahn 44 from Kassel to Eisenach is currently under construction. However, the construction work is progressing slowly.

The Hessische Landesbahn put the three kilometer long railway line between the Eschwege West station and the Eschwege station in the city center, which was part of the Leinefelde – Treysa line , back into operation on December 12, 2009 after passenger traffic had ceased there in 1985. This means that there is once again a direct train service from the Eschwege city station to Göttingen and Bad Hersfeld . In return, Eschwege West station was abandoned.

The Eschwege city railway station received the European Rail Award as Small Station of the Year in 2013 and the German Transport Planning Prize in 2014.

The Eschwege city ​​bus runs through Eschwege with five lines.


In the field of mechanical engineering , the companies Präwema Antriebstechnik GmbH (machine tools), Pacoma GmbH (hydraulic cylinders), Baumer Thalheim GmbH & Co. KG (rotary encoders) and Georg Sahm GmbH & Co. KG (winding machines and high-performance winders for the textile industry) are active.

The company Stiebel Eltron GmbH & Co.KG (Eschwege plant) works in the field of building and system technology , and Friedola 1888 GmbH produces leisure articles and table / floor coverings. In addition, the companies Haubold + Sperling GmbH ( security printing company that produces, among other things, admission tickets, travel tickets, parking tickets and plastic cards), SUET Saat- und Erntetechnik GmbH (seed processing), Gerloff & Söhne GmbH & Co. KG (hotel bathroom interior construction) and the like. a. settled.

The Eschweger Klosterbrauerei GmbH is an old established company. She has been brewing in the city since the early 19th century.

Former companies

The chemical-pharmaceutical factory M. Woelm was founded in 1907 by the pharmacist Dr. phil. hc Max Woelm (1875–1964) founded in Spangenberg and relocated to Eschwege in 1935. Woelm invented the double ampoule for which he received patents in 1922 and 1928. A wholesaler was affiliated with the company, which regularly issued price lists which were later published by the ABDA - Federal Association of German Pharmacists' Associations until 1994 as the "Small Specialties List (formerly Woelm List)". In addition to many of its own preparations, such as the Ilja Rogoff garlic pills , the appetite suppressant Recatol , the sleeping pill Betadorm , the toothache remedy Tispol and the pain reliever Dolormin , Woelm also produced the “house specialties” for up to 4,000 pharmacies in contract manufacturing. In 1971 Max Woelm's sons sold the company to the American group ICN , in 1976 it was taken over by the cosmetics group Revlon . At the 75th anniversary (1982) the company still had 600 employees, but after further sales (1986 to Rhône Poulenc Rorer, 1992 to Johnson & Johnson ), production in Eschwege was discontinued in 1996.


The newspapers Werra-Rundschau and the market mirror appear in Eschwege . The local radio broadcast Meißner has been broadcasting from here since 1997.

Public facilities

In addition to the usual facilities of a district town and the facilities already mentioned in the “Culture and Sights” chapter, there is the city library and the espada leisure pool. The district court of Eschwege is also located in the city.


In Eschwege there are the Anne Frank School and the Brothers Grimm School, which is a comprehensive school with a special level, as well as the Friedrich Wilhelm School high school (grades 5–10), the upper level high school and the vocational high school of the vocational schools.

Primary schools are the Alexander von Humboldt School, the Geschwister Scholl School and the Struth School. The learning aid school is called Pestalozzischule.

In addition, the “Vocational Schools of the Werra-Meißner District” and the Werra-Meißner Waldorf School as a private school provide vocational training.

Further training and further education institutions are the Federal Police Training and Further Education Center, the adult education center, the Werra-Meißner music school and the family education center.



  • Ernst Metz : Pictures from an old town - Eschwege on the Werra . Printing and publishing: A. Roßbach Eschwege 1962, with 32 plates in black and white or color and 36 pages of text
  • Caspar Heinrich Schwendt: Nine four-color reproductions of selected paintings , [the city of Eschwege and its surroundings (format 42 × 30 cm) with an introduction and explanations by Klaus Meier-Schomburg], Verlag Peter Kluthe, Eschwege 1976
  • Ernst Christopher Metz : Romance in the Werra Valley . With a board of text and introductory explanations as well as nine large-format, colored picture boards (format 43.5 × 30.5 cm) of the city of Eschwege and its surroundings. Verlag A. Roßbach, Eschwege 1986
  • Hans Joachim Bodenbach: New archaeological finds in Niederhone, town of Eschwege - grave goods of high rarity surprised the experts . [a Merovingian period , almost 4 m deep, shaft chamber grave of a high-ranking personality, 5th to 6th century and a burial ground above, including three large-format silver phalers (jewelry discs from a horse harness) were found !!]. in: Das Werraland (Ed .: Werratalverein Eschwege), 37th year, issue 4, December 1985, pp. 63–64, with 2 illus.
  • Herbert Freshness , Thomas Wiegand (Hrsg.): Eschwege 1637: The destruction of the city in the Thirty Years War. Thiele and Schwarz, Kassel 1987.
  • Eschweg history sheets. Self-published by the Eschwege History Association, Eschwege 1990 ff. (Annual publication)
  • Peter Aufgebauer : 700 years ago. Eschwege and the beginnings of the state of Hesse. In: Eschweger Geschichtsblätter, 3rd year, 1992, pp. 3-14.
  • State Office for Monument Preservation Hesse (ed.), Susanne Jacob, Thomas Wiegand: Werra-Meißner-Kreis II, City of Eschwege. (= Monument topography Federal Republic of Germany / cultural monuments in Hesse). Wiesbaden 1992, ISBN 3-528-06241-X .
  • Anna Maria Zimmer: Jews in Eschwege. Development and destruction of the Jewish community. Self-published by Maria Zimmer, Eschwege 1993, DNB 940692570 .
  • Karl Kollmann (editor): History of the city of Eschwege. Self-published by the city of Eschwege, Eschwege 1993, OCLC 180605890 .
  • Karl Kollmann: Eschwege in old views. European Library, Zaltbommel / Netherlands 1998, ISBN 90-288-6562-4 .
  • Herbert Fritsche, Karl Kollmann: Jewish Eschwege - invitation to a tour . Eschwege 2007, ISBN 978-3-933231-33-8 .
  • Karl Kollmann, Klaus Liebeskind: Eschwege in transition - changes in the cityscape in comparison. 1st edition. Horb am Neckar 2008, ISBN 978-3-86595-256-1 .
  • Thomas S. Huck, Thomas Wiegand: Eschwege - A city guide with a cultural history. Edited by Karl Kollmann and York-Egbert König for the Eschwege History Association in the Association for Hessian History and Regional Studies 1834 e. V. 3rd, updated and expanded edition. Kassel 2009, ISBN 978-3-928172-33-2 .
  • Karl Kollmann, York-Egbert König : Names and fates of the Jewish victims of National Socialism from Eschwege. A memorial book. Lulu Enterprises, Raleigh NC 2012, ISBN 978-1-4709-7182-3 .
  • Alemannia Judaica - Working group for research into the history of the Jews in southern Germany and neighboring areas: texts and contributions to the Jewish history of Eschwege. 2014, [1]
  • Herbert Fritsche (Author), Karl Kollmann (Editing): Eschwege-Lexikon. The lexicon for the Eschweg region. Preparation for printing: Kreißler, Eschwege, printing: Thiele & Schwarz, Kassel, 848 p., Two columns, (also reprint). Eschwege 2015, ISBN 978-3-00-049311-9 .
  • Review: Ulrich-Dieter Oppitz (Neu - Ulm): Herbert Fritsche and Karl Kollmann (edit.): Eschwege - Lexicon - The reference work for the Eschweger region, Eschwege: Historical Society of the Werraland , 2nd edition 2015, 848 p. In : Journal of the Association for Hessian History and Regional Studies, Volume 121, 2016, pp. 343–345, self-published by the Association for Hessian History and Regional Studies Kassel 1834 eV
  • Eschweg history sheets
  • Literature on Eschwege in the Hessian Bibliography

Web links

Commons : Eschwege  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Eschwege  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. Max. / Min. Temperatures from MSN Weather - Eschwege, DEU
  3. ↑ Monthly average temperatures, precipitation (normal period 1961–1990) Data from DWD
  4. a b Eschwege, Werra-Meißner district. Historical local lexicon for Hesse (as of April 7, 2014). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS). Hessian State Office for Historical Cultural Studies (HLGL), accessed on July 10, 2014 .
  5. ^ Air raid on Eschwege 75 years ago: Hail of bombs at lunchtime , Werra-Rundschau, February 23, 2020
  6. DP camp Eschwege (English)
  7. ^ Kurfürstlich-Hessisches Hof- und Staats-Handbuch, Verlag des reformed Orphanage, p. 280, Cassel 1863
  8. ^ Kurfürstlich-Hessisches Hof- und Staats-Handbuch, Verlag des reformed Orphanage, p. 280, Cassel 1863
  9. Law on the reorganization of the districts of Eschwege and Witzenhausen (GVBl. II 330-21) of September 28, 1973 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1973 No. 25 , p. 353 , § 1 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2,3 MB ]).
  10. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 388-389 .
  11. Data and facts. Retrieved December 6, 2019 .
  12. Klaus Döll: On the church history of Eschweges. In: History of the city of Eschwege. Eschwege 1993, pp. 316-340.
  13. Information on Jewish history and the synagogue in Eschwege
  14. ^ Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
  15. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
  16. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
  17. a b City of Eschwege: Eschwege's sponsorships and partnerships . Accessed on July 7, 2011.
  18. Eschwege City Museum
  19. Eschwege Railway Museum
  20. Eberhard Michael Iba: In the footsteps of the Brothers Grimm from Hanau to Bremen. Fairy tales, sagas, stories . Pustet, Regensburg 1978, ISBN 3-7917-0536-9 , pp. 117 .
  21. Landgrave Castle with Mrs. Holle Brunnen
  22. Nikolaiturm Eschwege in the middle of the old town on
  23. Shepherd's Hall
  24. Eschweg monastery brewery
  25. Nordhessischer VerkehrsVerbund - Arrival at the Eschwege city station ( Memento of the original from July 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed October 9, 2008. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  26. Frankfurter Rundschau. City edition, April 12, 2007, p. 32.
  27. Nordhessischer VerkehrsVerbund - The new city station in Eschwege ( Memento of the original from September 24, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed October 9, 2008. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  28. NVV press release on the European Rail Award for the Eschwege city train station ( memento of the original from March 5, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  30. Eschweger Bahnhof again awarded. ( Memento from October 21, 2014 in the web archive ) September 30, 2014. (Message from Hit Radio FFH on the award of the German Transport Planning Prize)
  31. PGN Planning Group North (Ed.): The contribution of city bus systems to improving mobility and location quality in small and medium-sized towns. Kassel 2006, p. C103.
  32. ^ Takeover of Friedola
  33. Hans Joachim Bodenbach: The history of the chemical-pharmaceutical factories M. Woelm and Woelm Pharma in Spangenberg and Eschwege (Hessen). In: History of Pharmacy (DAZ supplement), Volume 59, September 6, 2007, Issue 2/3, pp. 17–24, Deutscher Apotheker Verlag Stuttgart 2007
  34. Werra-Meißner Music School