Schenck to Schweinsberg

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Family coat of arms of the Schenck zu Schweinsberg

Schenck zu Schweinsberg (also Schenk zu Schweinsberg ) is the name of a family belonging to the Hessian nobility , which is still part of the Old Thessian knighthood . The spelling without "c" applies to the members of the first branch, the so-called "Hermannsteiner Line" of the house.


Members of the family were originally Burgmannen zu Marburg and bailiffs of the imperial monastery Essen zu Fronhausen . The knight and bailiff Gunthram, who also called himself “von Grünberg” or “von Marburg” and is mentioned in a document from 1199 to 1236, built Schweinsberg Castle , which his descendants adopted as the family name. Gunthram's brother Ludwig was the progenitor of the Fronhausen bailiffs, who died out in the male line in 1584 . As early as the 12th century, a branch line called "von Ulfa" was formed, but it was joined by Gunthram III around 1306. of Ulfa went out.

Gunthram's son, Gunthram von Schweinsberg, was sealed in 1241 as “Guntramus pincerna” with the “Sigillum Pincerne de Svennesberc”. At that time he was probably the gift of Count Berthold von Ziegenhain and received the Hessian inheritance gift office from Duchess Sophie , mother of Landgrave Heinrich I of Hesse , around 1249 . Since that year, the oldest Schweinsberg, resident in Hesse, has held the office of inheritance of Hesse , one of the four highest court offices in the Hessian nobility. His descendants, which now led to the name Schenk zu Schweinsberg, were able to spread greatly over time and establish several lines. Members of the family were mainly in the service of the Landgrave of Hesse and in some cases came to be very influential.

From the 16th to the 19th century, Messrs. Schenck zu Schweinsberg were part of the imperial knighthood in the knightly canton of Rhön-Werra of the Franconian knightly circle because of the ownership or partial ownership of Buchenau , Bodes , Branders , Erdmannrode , Fischbach , Giesenhain and the Schwarzenborn dairy (near Buchenau) .

Grand Duke Ludwig III. von Hessen-Darmstadt confirmed the family's status as a baron . The members who did not yet belong to the barons were granted the title of baron by King Wilhelm I of Prussia in 1887 , in view of the dignity of the inheritance gift office in Hesse.

The family, which is still widely branched today, is currently divided into two main lines, the so-called younger line zu Schweinsberg (the so-called older line died with the death of Wilfried Schenck zu Schweinsberg in Wäldershausen in the male line) and the Hermannstein line. In addition to the castle, there are four other country estates in Schweinsberg, the upper, middle and lower courtyards as well as the garden house and the manor, which are almost all inhabited by members of the family. From 1694 to 1912, Buchenau Castle belonged to the Schencken. The castle Hermannstein was 1481-1961 and the Hofgut Hermannstein to 1959 held by the giving.

Heraldic graphic (Art Nouveau) by Otto Hupp in the Munich calendar of 1914

coat of arms

The family coat of arms is divided. Above, in blue, a striding golden lion, below with red and silver ruffles . On the helmet is a natural wolf's trunk, the ears of which are covered with a red and a silver feather. The helmet covers are red-silver.

The bailiffs of Fronhausen carried the same shield with a black flight as a helmet ornament , which is covered with the coat of arms. The helmet covers were blue and gold.

As a result of a hereditary brotherhood between the related sexes, the Schenck zu Schweinsberg added the bailiff's helmet to their coat of arms around 1560.

See also

Known family members

Grave in Ukraine

Written tradition

The family, estate and manorial archives of the Schencken zu Schweinsberg are kept as a deposit in the Hessian State Archive in Marburg and comprise around 230 linear meters of files and official books with a term from 1436 to 1959 and over 1,100 documents with a term from the 13th to the 20th century .


  • Steffen Arndt, Dominik Brendel u. a. (Arrangement): Inventory 340 Schenck zu Schweinsberg , Samtarchiv. Family, estate and manorial archives of the Schencken zu Schweinsberg. Files and official books. Marburg 2012. ISBN 978-3-88964-208-0 .
  • Rudolf v. Buttlar-Elberberg: Stud book of the Althessian knighthood , containing the family tables of the families belonging to the Althessian knighthood residing in the former Electorate of Hesse. Gustaf Clauning, Hofbuchhandlung, Cassel 1888. Digitized Schenck zu Schweinsberg
  • Genealogical manual of the nobility . Nobility Lexicon. Volume XII, Volume 125 of the complete series, CA Starke Verlag, Limburg (Lahn) 2001, ISSN  0435-2408 .
  • Gothaisches genealogical pocket book of the baronial houses for the year 1857 , 7th year, [1] p. 659 ff.
  • Ewald Grothe : Schenck to Schweinsberg, Ferdinand Carl Wilhelm Heinrich. In: Kassel Lexicon. Edited by the city of Kassel. Vol. 2, euregio Verlag, Kassel 2009, p. 188.
  • Otto Hupp : Munich calendar 1914. Munich / Regensburg publishing house 1914.
  • Gerhard Köbler : Historical lexicon of the German countries. The German territories from the Middle Ages to the present. 7th, completely revised edition. CH Beck, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-406-54986-1 .
  • Friedrich von Petersdorff:  Schenk zu Schweinsberg. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 22, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-428-11203-2 , pp. 674-676 ( digitized version ).
  • Harald Winkel: History of the Schencken zu Schweinsberg. An introduction. Marburg 2012. ISBN 978-3-88964-209-7 .
  • Harald Winkel (arrangement): Documents 134: Schenck zu Schweinsberg, Samtarchiv. Marburg 2012. ISBN 978-3-88964-207-3 .
  • Gothaisches genealogical pocket book of the baronial houses for the year 1864 p.713ff , 1868 p.751ff

Web links

Commons : Schenck zu Schweinsberg  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Friedrich von Petersdorff:  Schenk zu Schweinsberg. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 22, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-428-11203-2 , pp. 674-676 ( digitized version ).
  2. ^ Günther Stahnke: Ulfa. 15th to 17th centuries. From the time of the 30 Years War, the time before and after. History Association Ulfa, Nidda 2018, p. 8.
  3. a b Schenck (Schenk) zu Schweinsberg at
  4. Overview of the holdings "Family, Estate and  Manorial Archives of the Schencken zu Schweinsberg" (HStAM holdings 340 Schenck zu Schweinsberg: Samtarchiv). In: Archive Information System Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen), as of November 28, 2011.