Medical Association (Germany)

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Medical associations are responsible for the professional self-administration of doctors in Germany. They are responsible for performing the tasks assigned to them on the basis of national health professions chamber laws. The respective responsible state ministry exercises legal supervision (not technical supervision). There are 16 German states , but 17 state medical associations; because in North Rhine-Westphalia the parts of North Rhine-Westphalia and Westphalia-Lippe have their own medical associations.


As public corporations, the state medical associations are responsible for safeguarding the professional interests of the medical profession. The German Medical Association 's working group of the German (national) medical associations, but it itself is not a public corporation, but organized as unincorporated association. Every doctor is a compulsory member of the medical association of the country in which he practices his medical practice. If he does not work as a doctor, the health professions chamber law applicable to his place of residence determines whether membership is compulsory.

List of medical associations

Medical Association Seat President
Federal Medical Association Berlin Klaus Reinhardt
State Medical Association of Baden-Württemberg Stuttgart Wolfgang Miller
Bavarian State Medical Association Munich Gerald Quitterer
Medical Association Berlin Berlin Günther Jonitz
State Medical Association of Brandenburg cottbus Frank-Ullrich Schulz
Bremen Medical Association Bremen Heidrun grid
Hamburg Medical Association Hamburg Pedram Emami
State Medical Association of Hesse Frankfurt am Main Edgar Pinkowski
Medical Association of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Rostock Andreas Crusius
Medical Association of Lower Saxony Hanover Martina Wenker
Medical Association of North Rhine Dusseldorf Rudolf Henke
State Medical Association of Rhineland-Palatinate Mainz Günther Matheis
Medical Association of the Saarland Saarbrücken Josef Mischo
Saxon State Medical Association Dresden Erik Bodendieck
Medical Association of Saxony-Anhalt Magdeburg Simone Heinemann-Meerz
Schleswig-Holstein Medical Association Bad Segeberg Henrik Herrmann
State Medical Association of Thuringia Jena Ellen Lundershausen
Medical Association Westphalia-Lippe Muenster Hans-Albert Gehle


The tasks of the medical associations are regulated by laws of the federal states (chamber laws). They generally include:

  • Development of statutes (statutes of the medical association, professional regulations, further training regulations )
  • Acceptance of examinations (e.g. specialist examinations )
  • Supervision of the professional practice of doctors
  • Promotion of medical training
  • Promotion of quality assurance measures
  • Establishment of ethics committees
  • Representation of the professional interests of doctors
  • Support of the public health service and technical participation in legislation
  • Mediation in disputes among doctors and between doctor and patient
  • Establishment of expert and arbitration bodies to clarify treatment errors in the area of medical liability
  • Organization of training for medical assistants
  • Publication of an official communication organ ( Ärzteblatt )
  • Organization of the reporting and contribution system for all members of the medical association
  • Keeping doctor statistics
  • Operation of social facilities for doctors and their relatives


The history of the medical associations begins in the second half of the 19th century. The first medical association was established in Baden in 1865 . The Bavarian Medical Association followed in 1871. A royal decree of May 25, 1887 “regarding the establishment of a medical professional representation for Prussia” finally ordered the establishment of medical associations in Prussia.

In the “ Third Reich ” the medical associations were brought into line by the Reichsärzteordnung of December 13, 1935 (RGBl. I p. 1433). As a result, the German Medical Association and the Hartmann Association were dissolved. Legal successors were the newly founded Reich Medical Association and the Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians in Germany. After the Second World War, the Allies dissolved the Reich Medical Association.

Thereafter, the medical chambers were able to resume their work in the western occupation zones, initially on a voluntary basis. First, a state medical association was formed in Bavaria in 1946 as a corporation under public law, until 1962 in all other West German states and West Berlin.

The medical associations are financed by membership fees, i.e. H. of the doctors in the respective country. Contributions to the state medical association are paid by all licensed doctors in the state.

See also


  • Thomas Gerst: Medical professional organization and professional politics in Germany 1945-1955. Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart 2004 (Medicine, Society and History, Supplement 21), ISBN 3-515-08056-2

Web links

Commons : Medical Association  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Section 1, Paragraph 1 of the Statutes of the German Medical Association
  2. ^ Toppe, Andreas: The re-establishment of the medical professional representation in Bavaria after the Second World War. Ed .: Bavarian State Medical Association. Self-published. Munich 1997, p. 9 .; download from: ; Date of download: January 1, 2013