Federal Medical Association

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Federal Medical Association
(Working Group of the German Medical Associations)
Logo of the German Medical Association
purpose Professional representation of all doctors in Germany
Chair: Klaus Reinhardt
Establishment date: 18./19. October 1947
Number of members: 17 state medical associations
Seat : Herbert-Lewin-Platz 1
10623 Berlin
Website: www.baek.de

The German Medical Association ( BÄK ) is the central organization of medical self-administration . Her full name is Bundesärztekammer (Association of German Medical Associations) .

The working group of the German medical associations is not a chamber or other corporation under public law , but an unregistered association without its own legal capacity . The Federal Medical Association is based in Berlin ( in the district of Charlottenburg ).

The BÄK was founded in 1947 as a working group of the West German medical associations. It represents the professional interests of doctors in the Federal Republic of Germany.

As a working group of 17 German medical associations , the BÄK is an amalgamation of corporations under public law. It supports the state medical associations, indirectly also performing statutory tasks. In addition, the German Medical Association has also assumed direct legal tasks, for example in the context of quality assurance, transfusion or transplant medicine.


Counting of the 3rd ballot (2019)

German Medical Association is another name for which was founded in October 1947 Working Group of the West German Chambers of Physicians since 1955th From 1948 to 1949, Carl Oelemann was President of the Working Group, followed by Hans Neuffer until 1959, Ernst Fromm until 1973, Hans Joachim Sewering until 1978, Karsten Vilmar until 1999, Jörg-Dietrich Hoppe until 2011, Frank Ulrich Montgomery until 2019 and Klaus Reinhardt since 2019.

The German Medical Association, like the State Medical Associations, emerged from the merger of the local medical associations. In 1873 they formed the German Medical Association, which has since held the German Medical Association. The current structure of medical self-administration emerged after the end of the Second World War . At the end of 1945, medical chambers had resumed their work in all parts of the country in the three western occupation zones. The first state medical association as a corporation under public law was founded in Bavaria in 1946. The foundation of the Berlin Medical Association in 1962 marked the end of this development in West Germany.

At a working meeting on June 14 and 15, 1947 in Bad Nauheim, the West German Chamber Presidents decided to found a working group of the West German Medical Associations. Above all, the working group should ensure uniform legal relationships for all doctors in the newly formed federal states. The working group was initially based in Bad Nauheim, where the executive board also met. After Bonn had established itself as the seat of government, the working group moved to Cologne in 1951.

The establishment was preceded in 1946 by the first loose amalgamation of the presidents of the medical associations of the American, French and English occupation zones. At the initiative of Carl Oelemann , who later became the first President, the decision was taken in this committee on November 2, 1946, a good year before the working group was founded, to send a separate commission to monitor the Nuremberg medical trial . Thanks to the work of this commission, a documentation from the perspective of the medical profession was published in 1947, which was adopted as an interim report in 1947 and as a final report in 1949 with the title Science without Humanity. Medical and eugenic aberrations under dictatorship, bureaucracy and war appeared, with Alexander Mitscherlich and Fred Mielke as editors. Margarete Mitscherlich-Nielsen quoted in a contribution from 1999 from the Ärztliche Mitteilungen from 1950, where Hans Neuffer, in his article on the World Medical Association, took the view that the inclusion of the German medical profession on the basis of this documentation was a “final line under the past of the last Years “can be drawn. Medicine without humanity appeared for the first time in a paperback edition in 1960 , after all but a few hundred copies of the edition had been withdrawn from circulation in 1949 and a good 10,000 copies had apparently not been distributed to its members by the Association of the West German Medical Chambers as planned. In response to Mitscherlich's request, the German Medical Association released its foreword from the 1949 edition for the 1960 edition, but Mitscherlich waived it because he found this 1949 statement "inadequate with regard to a review". In his foreword to the reprint in 1977, Mitscherlich sums up his intention to publish, looking back on the situation 30 years earlier: “At that time, the question was whether it would be possible to reduce the medical process to the level of individual criminal files. We have done our best to counteract such simplistic views. "

Since 1955 it has been called "Bundesärztekammer" (Federal Medical Association), initially with the addition "(Working Group of the West German Medical Associations)", after 1990, as a result of reunification , the name was changed to "Federal Medical Association (Working Group of the German Medical Chambers)".

After 1990, medical associations emerged as public corporations in the five new federal states. There are a total of 17 state medical associations in Germany today. The principle of medical self-administration has been established throughout Germany since 1990. After the Bundestag decided to relocate the seat of government from Bonn to Berlin, the 103rd German Medical Congress in 2000 also voted to move to Berlin. The German Medical Association has been based on the former KPM site in Berlin-Tiergarten since June 2004.

Building of the Federal Joint Committee (left), the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians (center) and the German Medical Association (right) on Herbert-Lewin- Platz in Berlin-Charlottenburg.

Constitution and tasks

As an association of the 17 German medical associations (these are statutory bodies under public law), the German Medical Association participates in the health-political opinion-forming process of society. The German Medical Association supports the work of the Medical Associations and indirectly also performs statutory tasks. The direct statutory tasks of the German Medical Association include quality assurance and transplant legislation .

The chamber laws of the federal states oblige the members of the so-called chambered professions to membership in their regional pharmacists, dentists or medical associations. The individual doctor thus belongs to the Federal Medical Association only indirectly through compulsory membership in his medical association. The German Medical Congress , which takes place once a year, is the general assembly of the German Medical Association .

The German Medical Association and the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians are the publisher of the Deutsches Ärzteblatt . Together with the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians, the German Medical Association maintains the Medical Center for Quality in Medicine (ÄZQ).

From 1959 to 1973 Ernst Fromm was President, then until 1977 Hans Joachim Sewering . Karsten Vilmar held the post until 1999, followed by Jörg-Dietrich Hoppe . Frank Ulrich Montgomery was President of the German Medical Association from June 2, 2011 to May 2019 . On May 30, 2019, Klaus Reinhardt was elected as the new chairman. Vice-presidents were Heidrun grid and Ellen Lundershausen. Reinhardt's predecessor, Frank Ulrich Montgomery, was appointed honorary president.

The tasks of the BÄK include:

  • Maintaining the feeling of togetherness of all doctors working in Germany and advising and instructing them on processes that are important for doctors
  • Bringing about the most uniform possible regulation of medical professional duties and principles for medical activity
  • Safeguarding the professional interests of the medical profession in matters that go beyond the jurisdiction of a country
  • Contacts with the Federal Government and the Federal Council as well as with the political parties
  • Conveying the position of the medical profession on health policy and medical issues
  • Promotion of medical training and quality assurance
  • Establishing relationships with medical science and medical associations abroad
  • (Model) professional code: regulates ethical and professional obligations of doctors among themselves and towards patients. This includes B. The doctor's duty of confidentiality (the doctor must remain silent about what has been entrusted to him by his patient in his capacity as a doctor or what has become known about him)
  • (Sample) training regulations: defines the content, duration and goals of the training and the specialist titles

Committees and bodies

In order to carry out its tasks, the German Medical Association has set up a number of specialist committees and standing conferences.

  • Transplant medicine
    • Examination Board
    • Monitoring Commission
    • Permanent Organ Transplant Commission
    • "Transplant Medicine" Trust Center
  • Scientific advisory board: This consists of almost 40 scientists from all medical fields. Its tasks are to advise on medical and scientific questions that arise in the preparation and implementation of laws in the field of health care and medical professional practice; the development of guidelines or guidelines for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures and methods, taking ethical aspects into account. In the Transplantation Act , the Scientific Advisory Board is named as a normative institution.
  • Central Ethics Commission (ZEKO) at the German Medical Association
  • Permanent conference of the management and chairmen of the ethics committees of the regional medical associations
  • Medical Center for Quality in Medicine (ÄZQ)


In 1951 the association was incorporated into the World Medical Association under the name of the Association of West German Medical Associations .

The German Medical Association has been a member of the European Movement Germany (EBD) since 2011 .

Research awards

The Federal Medical Association, together with the Federal Ministry of Health , the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians and the Federal Dental Association, awards the Herbert Lewin Prize . It honors researchers who deal with the processing of the history of the medical profession during the National Socialist era. The prize is endowed with a total of 12,500 euros and has so far been awarded five times.

See also

Web links

Commons : German Medical Association  - collection of images, videos and audio files

supporting documents

  1. ^ Eckhard Nagel: The health system in Germany. Structures, services, further development. Deutscher Ärzte-Verlag, Cologne 2007, ISBN 978-3-7691-3220-5 , p. 325 .
  2. ↑ German Medical Association (ed.): Activity report 2015 . S. 45 .
  3. a b History of the German Medical Association. Retrieved August 28, 2017 .
  4. Jürgen Peter : Immediate reactions to the process. In: Angelika Ebbinghaus , Klaus Dörner (ed.): Destroying and healing . The Nuremberg medical trial and its consequences. Aufbau Verlag, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-351-02514-9 , pp. 452-475.
  5. History of the German Medical Association ( Memento of the original from April 7, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , baek.de , October 25, 2007 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.bundesaerztekammer.de
  6. ^ Margarete Mitscherlich-Nielsen: Science without humanity - medicine and anti-Semitism. In: psychosocial. 22 (1999), Volume IV (No. 78), pp. 21-30.
  7. See conjectures by H.-M. Lohmann and RJ Lifton as well as illuminating information in letters from Mielke and Mitscherlich (“Only a few 100 copies came into the book trade”, p. 69, footnote 141) In: Jürgen Peter: The controversial fate of documentation Science without humanity. (1949) In: The Nuremberg Doctor Trial as reflected in its processing based on the three document collections by Alexander Mitscherlich and Fred Mielke. 2nd Edition. Lit-Verlag, Münster 1998, ISBN 3-8258-2112-9 , pp. 68-71, footnote 137.
  8. Jürgen Peter : The controversial fate of the documentation "Science without humanity." (1949) In: The Nuremberg Medical Process as reflected in its processing based on the three document collections by Alexander Mitscherlich and Fred Mielke. 3rd, revised edition. Lit-Verlag, Münster 2013, ISBN 978-3-8258-2112-8 , pp. 68-71.
  9. Alexander Mitscherlich, Fred Mielke (ed.): Medicine without humanity. Documents of the Nuremberg Doctors' Trial. New edition of science without humanity . Fischer Taschenbuchverlag, Frankfurt am Main 1960. (1978, ISBN 3-596-22003-3 )
  10. History of the German Medical Association. Retrieved August 28, 2018 .
  11. ↑ Priorities of the German Medical Conference since 1948 ( Memento of the original from April 7, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , bundesaerztekammer.de @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.bundesaerztekammer.de
  12. ^ Federal Medical Association: paintings by former presidents. In: Deutsches Ärzteblatt . Retrieved October 25, 2011.
  13. Dr. Klaus Reinhardt is the new President of the German Medical Association. German Medical Association, May 30, 2019, accessed on June 22, 2019 .
  14. ^ Rebecca Beerheide: Reinhardt, Klaus. In: Deutsches Ärzteblatt. Volume 116, Issue 51-52, December 23, 2019, p. B 1962.
  15. ↑ German Medical Association: About us. Retrieved March 7, 2017 .
  16. www.bundesaerztekammer.de
  17. http://www.bundesaerztekammer.de/aerzte/medizin-ethik/transplantationsmedizin/gremien/ueberwachungskommission/
  18. http://www.bundesaerztekammer.de/aerzte/medizin-ethik/transplantationsmedizin/gremien/staendige-kommission-organtransplantation/
  19. http://www.bundesaerztekammer.de/aerzte/medizin-ethik/transplantationsmedizin/gremien/vertreustelle-transplantationsmedizin/
  20. http://www.bundesaerztekammer.de/aerzte/medizin-ethik/wissenschaftlicher-beirat/
  21. Scientific advisory board on the website of the German Medical Association ( Memento of the original from December 22, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.bundesaerztekammer.de
  22. http://www.bundesaerztekammer.de/aerzte/medizin-ethik/ethikkommissions-der-landesaerztekammern/
  23. http://www.aezq.de/
  24. ^ Research award on the role of the medical profession in the time of National Socialism. German Medical Association, accessed on December 10, 2017 .


  • Fabian Kliesch: The ethos of the German Medical Association. An examination of their pronouncements on issues of beginning and end of life. ( Edition Ethics Volume 10). Edition Ruprecht, Göttingen 2013, ISBN 978-3-8469-0017-8 .
  • Thomas Gerst: Reconstruction and consolidation: medical self-administration and representation of interests in the three western zones and the Federal Republic of Germany 1945–1995. In: Robert Jütte (Hrsg.): History of the German medical profession. Cologne 1997, pp. 195–242.

Coordinates: 52 ° 30 ′ 53 ″  N , 13 ° 20 ′ 1 ″  E