Reich Medical Association

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Reichsärzteordnung of December 13, 1935

The Reichsärztekammer was the co- ordinated medical association in the National Socialist German Reich . It was created by the Reichsärzteordnung of December 13, 1935 ( RGBl . I p. 1433), which came into force on April 1, 1936, with which the Association of Physicians and Hartmanns were dissolved at the same time .


The German Medical Association, founded in 1872 (general association of “really approved” doctors) can be seen as a forerunner .

The Leipzig doctor Hermann Hartmann sent an open letter to the medical profession on July 25, 1900, asking them to organize. The Association of Doctors in Germany to protect their professional interests was founded on September 13, 1900. In the first draft of the statutes, however, the name Association of Doctors in Germany was specified to protect their economic interests . Until 1924 the short form Leipziger Verband was generally used.

In 1913 the Berlin Agreement was signed between the Leipzig Association and the large cash associations. It regulated the relationship between doctors and health insurance companies.

In 1931 the preliminary stages of today's statutory health insurance associations were created: The Hartmannbund signed a contract with the most important health insurance associations. It came into force on January 1, 1932. The law on the Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians in Germany (KVD) of August 2, 1933 replaced the local KVs formed by the Hartmannbund, which became a public corporation. The German Medical Association and the National Socialist German Medical Association were merged.

Context: era of National Socialism

On January 30, 1933 (" takeover ") Hitler was appointed Chancellor. The Nazi regime was formed and took numerous measures to consolidate and expand its power (see also Gleichschaltung ). The Nazi propaganda used the term "variegation of the health system" to justify its conformity. Among other things, they needed the health system to practice their racial policies (e.g. forced sterilization , eugenics ).

On July 14, 1933, the law to prevent hereditary offspring was passed; on July 3, 1934 the "Law for the Unification of Health Care" (GVG); 1935 the Blood Protection Act (September 15, 1935) and the Reich Citizenship Act (then collectively called Nuremberg Laws ).

Reichsärzteführer or Reichsgesundheitsführer

The chairmen of the Reich Medical Association were initially referred to as Reichsärzteführer and later as Reichsgesundheitsführer:

  • Gerhard Wagner (1888–1939), German doctor, "Reichsärzteführer" (1934–1939)
  • Hans Deuschl (1891–1953), German doctor, "Deputy Reichsärzteführer" (1933–1939)
  • Leonardo Conti (1900–1945), German-Swiss doctor, "Reich Health Guide" (1939–1945)
  • Kurt Blome (1894–1969), German doctor, "Deputy Reich Health Leader" (1939-probably 1945)


In 1945 the Reich Chamber of Physicians and the Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians in Germany were dissolved by a decision of the Control Council .


In 1946, the working group of West German medical associations and the working group of the state offices of the statutory health insurance associations in the western zones were re-established.

See also

Web links


  • Babett Heyder: The Reichsärzteordnung of 1935 and its consequences for the medical profession in the years of the National Socialist dictatorship (= reports from jurisprudence ). Shaker, Aachen 1996, ISBN 3-8265-5510-4 (also: Leipzig, University, dissertation, 1995).

Individual evidence

  1. 50 Years of the GVG (1984; PDF, 9 pages; 1.3 MB)