Hans Deuschl

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Hans Deuschl (born July 21, 1891 in Grafing near Munich , † April 27, 1953 in Starnberg ) was a German medic , SS leader and medical officer.


Deuschl, the son of an estate and brewery owner, grew up with 14 siblings. Deuschl finished his school days at the Realgymnasium in Rosenheim with the Abitur and then studied medicine at the universities of Munich and Erlangen . During his student days, like the later Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler , he belonged to the Apollo student union and had been friends with Himmler since that time. Deuschl interrupted his studies because of his participation in the First World War . After the end of the war, Deuschl was a medical intern from mid-May 1919 at the sanatoriums and nursing homes in Regensburg and Wöllersdorf and the Munich University Policlinic. From June 1920 to 1923 he was again employed at the Regensburg sanatorium and was doing his doctorate at that time. med. He then worked in his parents' company until 1925. Deuschl then worked as a hospital doctor until 1928 and then worked as an assistant doctor at the Munich hospital on the right side of the Isar until 1935 . In the meantime, Deuschl had completed his training as a specialist in X-ray and phototherapy in April 1932 .

After the end of the First World War, Deuschel belonged to a free corps and was involved in the Völkischer Block , where he rose to senior leader. During his stay in Grafing he was a candidate for the mayor's post in his hometown and was only narrowly defeated in the December 1924 election. At the beginning of September 1929 Deuschl became a member of the NSDAP ( membership number 147.015) and in June 1931 of the SS (SS number 8.894). At Himmler's instigation, Deuschl then headed the medical services of the 1st SS Standard in Munich and initially made a career in the SS. In the SS, Deuschel rose to senior leader on January 30, 1937.

In August 1929 Deuschl was one of the founding members of the National Socialist German Medical Association (NSDÄB). At the beginning of March 1931 Deuschl became managing director of the NSDÄB and was editor of the association magazine Ziel und Weg des NSDÄB until August 1934 . Deuschl also sat before the Hartmannbund until it was forcibly absorbed into the NSDÄB in 1936. In 1933 Deuschl became the deputy of the Reichsärzteführer Gerhard Wagner . A few months after Wagner's death, Deuschl was relieved of his deputy position by the new Reichsärzteführer Leonardo Conti due to differing ideas about the content, and Kurt Blome became Deuschl's successor at the end of August 1939. After that, however, Deuschl was still on the advisory board of the Reich Medical Association .

Deuschl accompanied the establishment of the German Medical Association's leadership school in Alt Rehse , which opened on June 1, 1935 and of which he became the first director. There he devoted himself more to organizational rather than medical issues. Since February 1937, Deuschl was married for the second time to the much younger Swedish midwife Sara Toll. At the wedding, Himmler was the best man and was also the godfather of the oldest son of the Deuschls named Heinrich. As a result of a dispute with Martin Bormann , Deuschl had to give up his post at the medical driving school in November 1940. Deuschl's successor was his previous deputy Johannes Peltret . Then the Deuschls moved to Munich, where Deuschl u. a. unsuccessfully sought a full-time post with the SS at Lebensborn .

From mid-November 1941 to April 1943 he was the head of health at the General Commissioner for Estonia in Reval , where he was also director of the “German Clinic”. On January 24, 1942, he suggested to Himmler that "in order to contain typhus, half of all Soviet prisoners of war in his area should be shot in order to receive the other half of these Bolshevik beasts as workers on double rations."

Afterwards, his attempt to be transferred to the Waffen SS or to the Dachau concentration camp failed . At the beginning of 1944, Deuschl finally became mayor of Starnberg at the instigation of Himmler and remained in this position until the end of the war. After the end of the war, Deuschl was denazified as a follower in November 1948 after a panel proceedings in Starnberg .


Deuschl's SS ranks
date rank
June 1931 SS standard doctor
November 1932 SS-Sturmbannführer
November 1933 SS-Obersturmbannführer
November 1934 SS standard leader
January 1937 SS-Oberführer


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b Ernst Klee: Das Personenlexikon zum Third Reich , Frankfurt am Main 2007, p. 106.
  2. a b c d Thomas Maibaum: The leadership school of the German medical profession Alt-Rehse , University of Hamburg, Hamburg 2007, p. 137f.