National Socialist German Medical Association

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Munich, Karlstr. 21 (recording 2013)

The National Socialist German Medical Association ( NSDÄB , also: NSD-Ärztebund ) was the doctors' organization and, besides the SA and SS, also the third fighting organization of the NSDAP . Its last seat was in Munich , Karlstrasse 21.

The NSDÄB was the Nazi Party on August 3, 1929 on the initiative of the Ingolstadt-based physician and publisher Ludwig Liebl founded. He was also the first chairman for three years. The self-image of the NSDÄB was not that of a professional representation, but that of a fighting organization. As such, he developed the essential "scientific" foundations of the National Socialist health policy, which culminated in the racial hygiene "destruction of unworthy life" .

The organizational structure of the NSDÄB followed the structure of the NSDAP . Gerhard Wagner had been the leader of the NSDÄB since 1932, and in 1934 he received the title of Reichsärzteführer. In 1935 he enforced the rigorous harmonization of the doctors' associations and participated in the drafting of the Nuremberg Laws ; Hitler defused the NSDÄB draft again decisively on the evening before the law was promulgated. A compulsory divorce of “ mixed marriages” and a marriage ban for “quarter Jews” should be part of the law, but this was repealed after Hitler's intervention. After Wagner's sudden death in 1939 at the age of 50, Leonardo Conti took over his position. The NSDÄB ceased its activities on October 13, 1942 for the duration of the war, at that time it had around 46,000 members. With the Control Council Act No. 2 of October 10, 1945, the NSDÄB was banned by the Allied Control Council and its property was confiscated.

Conti, who was to be held accountable for his involvement in the National Socialist Action T4 in the Nuremberg Trials , hanged himself in his prison cell in October 1945.

Reichsärzte- or Reichsgesundheitsführer

  • Gerhard Wagner (1888–1939), German doctor, "Reichsärzteführer" (1934–1939)
  • Hans Deuschl (1891–1953), German doctor, "Deputy Reichsärzteführer" (1933–1939)
  • Leonardo Conti (1900–1945), German-Swiss doctor, "Reich Health Leader" (1939 to August 1944)
  • Kurt Blome (1894–1969), German doctor, "Deputy Reich Health Leader" (1939-probably 1945)


Individual evidence

  1. Patrick Brose: Munich's monuments - NSDAP party district as it was in 1941
  2. Erwin Walraph: Abused Medicine in the Third Reich - The National Socialist German Medical Association (NSDÄB)
  3. ^ Theodor Straub: Places of thought - On the history of the Nazi era in Ingolstadt 1918–1945. Ingolstadt 1994.