Philipp Schenk zu Schweinsberg

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Coat of arms Philipp Schenk zu Schweinsberg, prince abbot of Fulda 1541–1550

Philipp Schenk zu Schweinsberg (* before 1497; † January 15, 1550 in Fulda ) was prince abbot of the Fulda monastery from 1541 to 1550 .


Philipp came from the Hessian noble family of Schenck zu Schweinsberg . His father was Conrad Schenk zu Schweinsberg (* 1459 † March 1, 1497 in Lich ), bailiff zu Lich, who in 1482 expanded the family seat, the castle Schweinsberg , by the landgrave builder Hans Jakob von Ettlingen and adapted it to the latest requirements let. His mother was Elisabeth Rau von Holzhausen zu Nordeck († September 19, 1503 in Lich), daughter of Heinrich III. Rau von Holzhausen and Gertrud von Biedenfeld .


Philipp Schenk zu Schweinsberg was succeeded Johann III on May 12, 1541 . von Henneberg-Schleusingen elected Prince Abbot of Fulda Abbey. He worked diligently, touring the country, and encouraging "true doctrine" . Pope Paul III called him in 1542 as a consultant in preparation for the Council of Trent (1545–1563). Philip, however, protected old age and recommended influential bishops to whom he gave voice and authority.

During the Schmalkaldic War , Elector Johann Friedrich I of Saxony marched through Fulda with 4,000 cavalry and 22,000 infantry in 1547 . He demanded 30,000 guilders from Abbot Philip. The prince paid to avoid pillage. Johann Friedrich took the money and still left the city to his soldiers to plunder. He also left the sick of his army in Fulda, which after the plague epidemic of 1544 again led to illness and death among the population.

Philipp died on January 15, 1550 and was buried in Fulda.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Chronicle of Fulda and its surroundings from 744 up to and including 1838, Vacha 1839, p. 70
predecessor Office successor
Johann III. from Henneberg-Schleusingen Prince Abbot of Fulda
1541 - 1550
Wolfgang Dietrich von Eusigheim