Philipp Georg Schenk zu Schweinsberg

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Philipp Georg Schenk zu Schweinsberg (* around 1510 in Schweinsberg ; † February 25, 1568 in Fulda ) was Prince Abbot of Fulda from 1567 to 1568 .


Philipp Georg was a scion of the Schenck zu Schweinsberg family , which belonged to the Hessian nobility , whose so-called "Hermannsteiner Line" called itself without the "c" Schenk zu Schweinsberg . He was the third of four sons of Georg Schenk zu Schweinsberg (* 1498, † before 1544) and his wife Luzie (Luzia) and was destined for a church career at an early age. In 1529 he received the tonsure and minor orders in Würzburg , with which he could become a canon at a collegiate monastery . Where he stayed in the following years is not yet known (presumably mostly in Würzburg), but in 1541 he is known as a monk in the Fulda Abbey. There a brother of his father, Philipp Schenk zu Schweinsberg (* 1498, † January 15, 1550), was elected prince abbot on May 12, 1541 as successor to Johann von Henneberg-Schleusingen , and he probably brought his nephew to Fulda - whether already before or after his election as abbot is unclear.

After Philipp Georg was ordained a priest on April 10, 1546 in Würzburg , he was accepted into the Fulda chapter in 1547. During the tenure of the Prince Abbots Wolfgang Dietrich von Eusigheim (1550–1558) and Wolfgang Schutzbar called Milchling (1558–1567), who followed his uncle , there was a gradual accumulation of monastic offices in his hand, which is actually not allowed according to the Fulda Constitution, but as a result of the Personnel losses caused by the Reformation had become necessary. First he became provost of St. Michael in 1552 , an office he held until 1567. Shortly afterwards, and in the same year, he also received the provost office of the Benedictine convent in Rohr near Meiningen , which he owned until the abolition of the monastery in 1562 by Count Georg Ernst von Henneberg . In 1555 further offices were added: he was elected Dean of Fulda, which at the same time took over the provost office of the nearby Neuenberg monastery , and from 1555 to 1566 he was also the celler of the imperial abbey. In the years 1558 and 1560 he is also found as a hospitaller of the abbey. When in 1561 the possession of the 1552 in the course of the Reformation of Count Michael III. was restituted by Wertheim († 1555) the Fulda daughter monastery Holzkirchen near Würzburg, but without the local monastery itself being revived, Philipp Georg also became provost of Holzkirchen.

After Prince Abbot Wolfgang Schutzbar called Milchling died on November 30, 1567, the Fulda Chapter elected the previous dean Philipp Georg Schenk zu Schweinsberg as the new abbot in December 1567. However, his term of office was only very short. From January 14th to February 3rd, 1568 he was still the host of an electoral convention convened by the Archbishop of Mainz and Imperial Chancellor Daniel Brendel von Homburg in Fulda, but he died on February 25th, 1568 after just three months in office. He was buried in the then Fulda collegiate church, the Ratgar Basilica . His grave slab is still preserved in fragments and as a full drawing.


  • Josef Leinweber: The Fulda abbots and bishops , the commemoration of the Diocese of Fulda for Bishop Eduard Schick on the Diamond Jubilee of Priests, Frankfurt am Main, 1989, pp. 112-114


  1. ^ Friedrich von Petersdorff:  Schenk zu Schweinsberg. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 22, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-428-11203-2 , pp. 674-676 ( digitized version ).
  2. He was Prince Abbot of Fulda from 1541 to 1550.
  3. He stayed that way until his death.
  4. The imperial assemblies 1556-1662
  5. ^ Albrecht P. Luttenberger: Electors, Emperor and Reich - Political Leadership and Peacekeeping under Ferdinand I and Maximilian II. Verlag Philipp von Zabern, Mainz, 1994, pp. 187-219

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predecessor Office successor
Wolfgang Schutzbar called Milchling Prince Abbot of Fulda
1567 - 1568
Wilhelm Hartmann from Klauer to Wohra