Wilhelm Hartmann from Klauer to Wohra

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Wilhelm Hartmann von Klauer zu Wohra (* around 1530 probably in Wohra ; † January 22, 1570 in Fulda ) was abbot of the imperial abbey of Fulda from 1568 until his death in 1570 .


Wilhelm Hartmann was the scion of a in the former county Ziegenhain in Northern Hesse wealthy, first expressed in the late 13th century and 1692 extinct in the male line noble family . Their ancestral home was in Wohra, and the addition "zu Wohra" became part of the family name over time. His parents were Peter von Klauer zu Wohra and his wife Anna, geb. of elections. His sister Clara married Peter von Dernbach and their son Balthasar von Dernbach (1548–1606) also succeeded his uncle as Prince Abbot of Fulda.

Wilhelm Hartmann only called himself Wilhelm in the first half of his life. The fact that he later often called himself Wilhelm Hartmann was perhaps in memory of his brother Hartmann, who probably died early, with whom he entered the Fulda Abbey and then studied at the University of Erfurt .

Religious career

Wilhelm and his brother Hartmann entered the Benedictine monastery in Fulda around 1550 . Towards the end of September 1551 they went to Erfurt , where they matriculated at the university in October . Afterwards there is no more information from Hartmann, so that one assumes his imminent death. Wilhelm Hartmann, as he now usually called himself, stayed in Erfurt until the completion of his studies and his subsequent novitiate in the local Benedictine monastery of St. Peter and St. Paul . On May 30, 1556 he received in Wuerzburg the priesthood .

Then he went back to Fulda, where he took over a number of monastic offices from 1557, many of them at the same time, which was actually not allowed according to the Fulda Constitution, but had become necessary as a result of the loss of personnel caused by the Reformation : Siechmeister and Werkmeister (1557 –1567), master builder (1560–1568), chamberlain (1561–1567), doorman (1563) and hospitaler (1565–1567). From 1561 to 1567, as provost of the Thulba Benedictine monastery near Hammelburg, he was the owner of a lucrative benefice .

Than the previous in December 1567 pen Dean Philip George Schenk zu Schweinsberg as successor died on November 30, 1567 Wolfgang Schutzbar called Milchling was elected from the pin chapter abbot, was Wolfgang Hartmann Klauer his successor as dean and was also the provost Johannesberg . He immediately started building the new Dechanei building in Fulda.

Coat of arms of Prince Abbot Wilhelm Hartmann von Klauer zu Wohra

The new prince abbot died after just three months in office on February 25, 1568 and on February 29, Wilhelm Hartmann von Klauer zu Wohra, who had just been promoted to dean, was elected as the new prince abbot. The confirmation of the election by Pope Pius V took place after almost two years, on December 14, 1569. He was then no longer consecrated because of his imminent death.


In his very short term in office, Klauer could not move much, but he was clearly anxious to implement the reforms decided by the Council of Trent (1545–1563) in his area of ​​office . His decision to send young men to the Jesuit college founded in December 1561 by Archbishop Daniel Brendel von Homburg in Mainz was of lasting importance , so that they could receive sound training there for their later service as parish priests. As allowed by the council, he financed the cost of this training from the income of vacant altars .

Death and succession

Prince Abbot Wilhelm Hartmann von Klauer zu Wohra died only a few weeks after the papal confirmation of his election on January 22, 1570. He was buried in the grave of the Fulda abbots on the west wall of the Fulda collegiate church, the Ratgar Basilica .

His nephew Balthasar von Dernbach was elected his successor on January 25, 1570. After the death of his father in 1560, when he was not yet twelve years old, he was given to her brother in Fulda by his mother for further education and training and he was purposefully promoted by Klauer. As early as March 1566, at the age of 18, he received the ordination of priests, was soon added to the chapter of the monastery, was provost of St. Michael in 1567, and followed his uncle in December 1567 as monastery dean with the additional benefice of the provost of Neuenberg .


  • Josef Leinweber: The Fulda abbots and bishops. Festival of the Diocese of Fulda for Bishop Eduard Schick for the Diamond Jubilee of Priests. Knecht, Frankfurt am Main, 1989, ISBN 3-7820-0585-6 , pp. 113-115

Web links


  1. ^ Wohra, Marburg-Biedenkopf district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  2. ^ Franz Gundlach: To the Marburg university register . In: Journal of the Association for Hessian History and Regional Studies , New Series, Volume 29 (The Complete Series, Volume 39), Kassel, 1905, pp. 262-270 (here p. 264)
predecessor Office successor
Wolfgang Schutzbar called Milchling Prince Abbot of Fulda
1568 - 1570
Balthasar von Dernbach