Passenger transport ( passenger transport ) is the general term for the change of location (transport) of people and includes the technical, technological, organizational and economic conditions of passenger transport (including means of transport ) and the people to be transported themselves.
Distinguishing features are for example
- the purpose of the journey : passenger transport for the purpose of consumption or as part of the production of goods and services (e.g. business trips ), cf. Commercial traffic , commuters (commuter traffic ) and shopping traffic contrasts with leisure traffic (visiting friends, cinema, theater, etc.) (cf. transport needs );
- Access: public transport (ÖV) and individual transport (IV);
- the means of transport : air traffic and ship traffic (also called passenger traffic here ), rail traffic , road traffic ;
- the distance: local traffic , long-distance traffic .
Local public transport (ÖPNV) (Switzerland: Regionaler Personenverkehr RPV) is the most differentiated here: in Germany, it is complemented by local rail transport (SPNV) (especially the Regional Express , regional trains and S-Bahn ) and local road transport (ÖSPV) ) (especially the underground , light rail , tram , trolleybus and regular bus ).
The volume of passenger traffic increased across Europe from the early 1990s to the beginning of the new millennium by almost 20%.
- European Environment Agency (Ed.): EEA Briefing 3/2004 - Transport and Environment in Europe . Copenhagen 2004.