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A passenger (or passenger ; from French passager , “to go, to cross”, French passajour , “traveler”; originally from the Latin passus , “fathom, step”) is a person who is transported in a vehicle as a traveler and neither is the means of transport even steers still belongs to the technical or service staff.

Definition in public or semi-public transport

In public or semi-public means of passenger transport, the passengers are generally referred to as passengers in accordance with a transport condition . Passenger is a legal concept of § 537 HGB and is defined as a person who due to a passenger transportation contract is delivered or consent one of the carrier vehicle or live animals which due to a freight contract transported accompanied.

Passengers in the narrower sense are especially those traveling by ship and air . The traveler in a land and inland watercraft is traditionally referred to as a passenger.

Passengers and passengers conclude a transport contract and usually pay a transport fee (also called " fare " or "passage"), for example tax (for taxi rides), in return for their transport . Authorization for use is shown by different documents depending on the type of transport: As a rule, a ticket certifies the right to transport; Especially when traveling by air , this is documented by the flight ticket ( only the boarding pass when boarding ). In local public transport , the transport contract usually comes about through coherent action in the form of boarding the means of transport.

Definition in road traffic

Passengers are people who use the vehicle to reach a destination. It is irrelevant whether

  • the passengers disembark at the destination or destinations (example: city tour),
  • the respective vehicle is generally operated commercially,
  • the passengers pay for the journey in question or are transported free of charge (example: club trainer as driver),
  • the actual number actually exceeds the limit of nine people (classification of the vehicle as a bus).

If only one passenger is present, the required qualification (driver's license class) for the driver results from the maximum number of seats in the vehicle.

In addition to the driver, persons who have to carry out a professional activity on board the moving vehicle are not considered passengers. If only people from the following groups are on board, even a bus of any size is considered empty and may be moved with the driver's license class C, extension 172 ("Empty Bus"):

  • Service staff,
  • Development engineers and measurement technicians in vehicle and engine production,
  • Technical staff (mechanics on inspection drives),
  • Experts, e.g. B. to carry out a general inspection ,
  • Learner drivers, driving instructors and examiners,
  • Pilots, e.g. B. on extensive factory premises.

These people do not necessarily have to get off at the place of boarding, provided that the place of getting off does not result from a goal to be reached, but from the completion of a work order.

Definition in aviation and other fields

Example on the side wall of a passenger ship

In aviation, even on purely private flights, a strict distinction is made between crew or pilots and passengers (for example when determining the number of passengers ): Every passenger who is not part of the crew is a "passenger" or, according to the ICAO code, "PAX".

The aviation jargon word “Pax” could be an abbreviation of the polysyllabic word “Passenger” that is typical in American usage, but the origin is controversial. Is used Pax (plural Paxe ) now also in the rest of the transport sector, the tourism, in hotels and restaurants as the name of the guest.

Image examples

See also

Web links

Commons : Passengers  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Passenger  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Ursula Hermann, Knaurs etymologisches Lexikon , 1983, p. 361
  2. OLG Karlsruhe, judgment of May 25, 2009, Az .: 1 U 261/08 = NZV 2011, 141
  3. Duden. In: Bibliographisches Institut GmbH, accessed December 7, 2014 .