|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Wartburg district|
|Height :||190 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||72.46 km 2|
|Residents:||6034 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||83 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||99830|
|Primaries :||036923, 036926 (Schnellmannshausen)|
|License plate :||WAK, SLZ|
|Community key :||16 0 63 076|
|LOCODE :||DE TFT|
|City structure:||4 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Michael Reinz ( independent )|
|Location of the city of Treffurt in the Wartburg district|
Treffurt is a town in the Wartburg district in Thuringia . It is located in the Werra valley in the far west of the state, right on the border with Hesse . Treffurt is known for its historic old town with many restored half-timbered buildings, including the town hall , one of the most important half-timbered buildings in Thuringia. The city is dominated by Normannstein Castle , which is its landmark that can be seen from afar. The late Romanesque town church of St. Bonifatius is also of importance .
Treffurt is located in the northwestern Wartburg district, right on the border with Hesse. The Werra flows through the city, through which three fords once led, from which the name Treffurt is derived. Treffurt is mostly north of the Werra, with the old town stretching up the slope to immediately below Normannstein Castle. From the barrage at Falken ( river kilometer 0.78) the Werra is classified as another federal inland waterway .
The surroundings of Treffurt are shaped like a low mountain range with the Werra valley at a height of almost 200 meters. The landscape is also determined by striking mountains, including: Adolfsburg , Breitenberg (with Iberg) , Töpferberg , Sülzenberg , Sandberg , Kahn and Lindenberg , some of which reach over 400 meters in altitude. They are even surpassed by the 503 meter high Heldrastein with the tower of the unit southwest of the city center.
The predominant type of rock is shell limestone , which the landscape-defining Werra Valley has carved itself deeply into. The Eichsfeld begins north of Treffurt, the Hainich extends to the east , the Schlierbachswald to the west and the Ringgau to the south . In the surrounding area, forests and open spaces alternate, with the wide valley areas being suitable for agriculture and the forest dominating the heights. The closest larger towns in the Werra Valley are Mihla and Creuzburg upstream and Wanfried and Eschwege in Hesse downstream .
The town of Treffurt includes the larger villages of Falken , Großburschla and Schnellmannshausen as well as the settlements of Hattengehau , Schrapfendorf and Volteroda, which only have a few houses . All places were incorporated in 1994. In the course of the Thuringia regional reform in 2018 and 2019 , Ifta was incorporated into the city of Treffurt on January 1, 2019.
In 1964, Treffurt lost the Kleintöpfer district, isolated north of the city, with the Karnberg suburb . It was abandoned in 1964 as a small settlement near the border and demolished and its corridor with the Treffurt city forest was moved to Wendehausen shortly afterwards.
In 768 Charlemagne commissioned the construction of the Homburg monastery near Bad Langensalza . He appointed the gentlemen "von Driefurt" as bailiffs over the monastery. Treffurt was first mentioned in 1104 on a document from Archbishop Ruthard of Mainz . It describes that the bishop consecrates an altar in the "cell" at Falken, whereby a "Pilgrim de Trifurte" is mentioned as a witness. Friedrich von Treffurt was hired as an advisor to Heinrich Raspe IV .
Due to its location at the crossroads of two trade routes, Treffurt gained regional importance in the Middle Ages. To protect the fords, the construction of Normannstein Castle began in the 11th century . In the following period, Treffurt quickly developed into an important regional trading center. This was taken into account in 1333 by granting city rights. In 1532, Emperor Charles V gave Treffurt the right to "hold a weekly market every Saturday and two annual markets on St. Georgi and St. Simon".
In 1807, Treffurt came to the Kingdom of Westphalia and in 1815 to Prussia , where it belonged to the district of Mühlhausen . In 1945 the Prussian areas in Northern Thuringia were assigned to the State of Thuringia . In 1950, Treffurt moved to the Eisenach district , from 1952 with new borders as the Eisenach district in the Erfurt district , to which it belonged until 1994. Since the district reform of Thuringia came into force in 1994 , the city has belonged to the Wartburg district .
Locking the looked German division of the city, as they are now right at the Inner German border lay. After German reunification in 1990, however, rapid growth set in, companies settled in the city again and tourism began.
Development of the population
- Data source: from 1994 Thuringian State Office for Statistics - values from December 31st
The city council of Treffurt consists of 20 council members:
- CDU : 30.9% / 6 seats (-1)
- LEFT : 11.9% / 2 seats (−1)
- Voting community citizens for citizens: 49.2% / 10 seats (± 0)
- Voting community Democracy for All: 8.0% / 2 seats (+2)
(As of: local election on May 26, 2019 )
The full-time mayor Michael Reinz (independent) was elected on May 8, 2011.
badges and flags
The city of Treffurt has a coat of arms and a hoisted flag .
|Blazon : “Half split and divided; at the top in red a six-spoke silver wheel, behind in the field divided into silver and black two crossed red swords, and in blue a lion divided nine times by silver and red. "|
|Foundation of the coat of arms: The town and the Treffurt Castle were conquered by Kurmainz , Electorate of Saxony and Hessen-Kassel between 1333 and 1336 and ruled for a long time. The coat of arms reminds of this with the Mainz wheel , the crossed swords ( Kursachsen ) and the Hessian lion, which stands equally for Thuringia and Hesse.|
Description of the flag: "The flag of the city of Treffurt shows the coat of arms on a white and red divided cloth to the leech."
A partnership with the city of Spangenberg in Hesse has existed since reunification . Historically, the two cities have a lot in common. The town charter of the city of Spangenberg was granted in 1309 by the lords of Treffurt , who later called themselves lords of Treffurt-Spangenberg . For a long time, they had their seat at Spangenberg Castle , which they played a key role in building.
Culture and sights
Treffurt is known as a " half-timbered town " and represents a mixture of Thuringian and Hessian cultural influences. The most important sights are the town hall , a large half-timbered building from the Renaissance period from 1549 with a high tower and Normannstein Castle from around 1200 above the city .
Also worth seeing are the late Romanesque town church of St. Bonifatius from the 13th century, the partially preserved town wall from the 14th century, the neo-Gothic Catholic church of St. Mary (built 1863–1867), as well as some special, mostly lavishly restored half-timbered buildings such as the " Ear Slap House " from 1608, the Trottsche Hof, the Saxon, the Hessian and the Mainzer Hof , which served to administer the city during the phase of the inheritance, the Falkenstein prison and the half-timbered house in Kirchstrasse 31 , Treffurt's oldest residential building from 1546.
The linden tree on the Steinernen Mann and the linden tree on the fairground are designated as natural monuments, as are several trees in the Falken district.
The Treffurt shooting club has its origins in 1516, making it one of the oldest shooting clubs in Germany. The Treffurter Carneval Association, founded in 1952, organizes an annual carnival parade on the Sunday before Shrove Monday .
The following example in Treffurt dialect was noted around 1800:
Voeter uinse (oinse), dähr de are (best) in
Heaven , Approved would be dinn Noemen,
Dinn Rich came,
Dinn Wille happened , as in Heaven, oelsu on ears,
Uinse daily Bruäd p uins hitt,
Un vergepp uins uinse Schuild ( Schoild), like
my passing by Schuildnährn,
Un feür uins not in contagion,
special rulings from dän Eübel,
because there is the rich, un de Kroäft,
and deceitfulness in Eüwikeit.
Economy and Infrastructure
An important branch of industry in Treffurt is tourism, but there are also several companies such as Hetek Hebetechnik GmbH with 70 employees. During the GDR era, the cigar brand Sprachlos was produced in Treffurt . After the GDR , the Treffurt cigar factory was taken over by the Dannemann Group . The best-known company is Carl Warrlich GmbH, which manufactures coal lighters and grill lighters under the brand name FLAMMAT.
The Ziddelrasen industrial park is located on the western outskirts of Treffurt opposite the former train station. It has a total area of 1.2 ha (as of 2009). A second commercial area is located on the other side of the Werra at Schützenplatz .
Treffurt is on the federal highway 250 , which connects Eisenach in the southeast with Eschwege in the northwest. Country roads also lead to Nazza am Hainich and Wendehausen . The district of Ifta is on federal road 7 .
Treffurt and its districts are connected to the surrounding communities by various bus routes. There are bus connections to Eisenach, Eschwege and Mühlhausen / Thuringia , among others .
The Schwebda – Wartha railway, which went into operation in 1902 , connected Treffurt with Wanfried and Eschwege in the west and, from 1907, with Creuzburg and Eisenach in the south. In 1911, the Mühlhausen – Treffurt railway was opened , connecting the city with Heyerode and Mühlhausen in the east. Because of the demolition of the Werra bridges at the end of the Second World War and the subsequent demarcation, rail traffic to and from Treffurt was only possible from the direction of Mühlhausen from 1945 onwards. In 1952, the railway was completely stopped because the line west of Treffurt ran a piece over West German territory.
The Treffurt state regular school, a primary school and a branch of the Wartburgkreis adult education center are located in Treffurt.
sons and daughters of the town
- Adalbert von Harstall (1737–1814), last Prince-Bishop of Fulda
- Christian Muff (1841–1911), educator
- Egon Bahr (1922–2015), SPD politician, Federal Minister for Special Tasks and for Economic Cooperation
- Walter Eichenberg (1922–2018), composer, trumpeter, conductor and arranger
- Manfred Heise (* 1940), politician, CDU member of the German Bundestag from 1990 to 2002
- Eberhard Lorenz (* 1942), politician, SPD member of the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg from 1980 to 2001
- Hans-Dietergenau (1951–1969), victim on the inner-German border
- Dr. Robert Klemm, secret government and from 1887 to 1922 district administrator in Mühlhausen, awarded on May 30, 1913 on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the office
- Karl Becker, awarded on September 23, 1919 in view of his many years of loyal service as a city councilor and councilor
- Hermann Ritter, owner of the Martin Brinkmann company, awarded on May 6, 1925 on the occasion of the company's 25th anniversary
- Paul Pfuhl, long-time second mayor, member of the district council and district committee, published on November 4, 1925
- Pastor August Höppner was granted honorary citizenship of the city of Treffurt in 1928 for his services as a pastor and local researcher
- Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics ( help on this ).
- Directory of other federal inland waterways, published in Directory E, serial no. 62 and directory F der Chronik ( Memento of the original of July 22, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Federal Waterways and Shipping Administration
- Wilfried Warsitzka: The Thuringian Landgrave. Publishing house Dr. Bussert & Stadler, 2004, ISBN 3-932906-22-5 , p. 202.
- Alexander Jendorff: Condominatory power relations in the confessional age: the Ganerbschaft Treffurt 1555-1630. In: Journal of the Association for Hessian History. (ZHG) Volume 107 (2002), pp. 163-180. (PDF; 73 kB)
- Local elections in Thuringia on May 26, 2019. Elections of the community and city council members. Preliminary results. The regional returning officer, accessed on May 29, 2019 .
- Article in the Thüringer Allgemeine accessed on May 9, 2011.
- General Articles of Association, Treffurt, § 2. Accessed on August 14, 2016 .
- Partnership agreement between Spangenberg and Treffurt ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Biedermann: Natural monuments in the Wartburg district. District Office Wartburgkreis, 2014, p. 20 ff.
- Sascha Willms: The chain of riflemen stays in Treffurt. In: Thuringian General. July 26, 2011, accessed August 1, 2015.
- TCV website , accessed August 1, 2015.
- Ulrich Kaspar Seetzen: "Our Father" in German dialects. In: Samples of German vernacular styles. Leipzig 1816, p. 25.
- Business parks in the Wartburg region. (No longer available online.) In: Wartburgkreis-Online. Archived from the original on May 15, 2011 ; Retrieved February 18, 2010 .
- NN (short messages) from the Werratal In: The Werratal. Illustrated monthly sheets for home / art / poetry. Eschwege 1928, p. 12.
- Jürgen Runzheimer : Treffurt and Normannstein Castle. From the beginning to the end of the condominium in the 19th century . 24 essays on history. 2nd Edition. Self-published, Gladenbach-Runzhausen 2004.
- Heimatverein Treffurt eV: 900 years of Treffurt - contributions to the city's history . Druck- und Verlagshaus Frisch, Eisenach, 2004, ISBN 3-931431-33-9 .
- Official homepage of the city of Treffurt
- treffurt.net - extensive private information site about Treffurt