Calendar overview 1057
|Isaac I Komnenus becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire .|
|1057 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||505/506 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1600/01 (southern Buddhism); 1599/1600 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||62nd (63rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||419/420 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||435/436 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||448/449 (March 9/10)|
|Jewish calendar||4817/18 (September 1st and 2nd)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1367/68 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1368/69 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1113/14 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- August 15 : Macbeth is killed in battle against Malcolm III. in Lumphanan in Aberdeenshire. His stepson Lulach succeeds him as King of Scotland . The coronation will take place on September 9th .
- August: Duke Wilhelm the Bastard (later the Conqueror) wins over King Henry I of France in the Battle of Varaville . This means that King Henry I's last attempt to regain his authority over the Duke of Normandy , which had already been lost in 1052 , fails .
- November 29th : Reconquista : Ferdinand I of León conquers Lamego and Viseu from the Christian rulers allied with the Taifa .
Central and Eastern Europe
- August 20 : The by Isaac Komnenos guided Eastern Army marches Konstantin Opel and strikes at Nicaea the Michael VI. loyal European troops.
- August 30th : Isaac Komnenus forces Michael VI. to abdicate, and with the support of the army as Isaac I. on September 1st emperor of the Byzantine Empire .
- Andreas I has his five-year-old son Solomon crowned King of Hungary. In doing so, he violates the seniority principle and brings his brother Béla against himself.
- August: After the death of his brother Humfred von Hauteville , Robert Guiscard becomes Count in Apulia and at Melfi .
- Roger I of Sicily, known as Bosso , arrives in southern Italy.
- The Almoravids take Aghmat in Morocco .
- The Banu Hilal conquer Kairouan . With their herds these nomads systematically destroy the agricultural structures in Ifrīqiya . Because of the lack of irrigation, grain fields and vineyards are becoming deserted. The peasants flee to the mountains or to cities that organize themselves into autocratic city-states to protect against the raiding nomads. The Zirid dynasty has to evade the Mahdia, which is subordinate to the Hammadids . They turn to piracy and threaten Christian coastal towns. Among other things, they are trying to conquer Sicily .
- January 9th : The Turkish general Arslan ibn al-Basasiri , who fell away and was expelled from Iraq in 1055, defeats the Seljuks in Sinjar . He takes Mosul , but recognizes the suzerainty of the Fatimids .
- January 19 : Tughrul Beg leaves Baghdad with reinforcements from Persia and reoccupies Mosul . Before he returns to Baghdad in December , he hands over command in Mosul to his nephew Ibrahim Inal .
- October: the Seljuks attack the Byzantine Empire for the first time in Armenia . At about the same time, the Turkmen invaded the area around Malatya .
- The Burmese King Anawrahta takes Thanton and Thayekhettaya in Northern Thailand and strengthens the Theravada in Thailand . Burma is united by the Bagan dynasty.
- To the north of Lhasa , Drom Tönpa founded the Radreng monastery belonging to the Kadampa School .
- In China , rice storage facilities are being built to counter famine and grain speculation.
- May 8th : Papyrus is used for the last time in the Papal Chancellery .
- July 28th : Pope Viktor II dies unexpectedly in Arezzo of a febrile illness shortly after holding a synod there. When his followers wanted to transfer the Pope's body to his former bishopric Eichstätt , he was secretly stolen by residents of the city of Ravenna during the return transport and buried in a sarcophagus in the mausoleum of Theodoric the Great in Ravenna.
- The Cardinal Presbyter of San Crisogono Friedrich von Lothringen is named Stephan IX. elected Pope and enthroned on August 3, initially without the consent of the Salian ruler .
- August 20 : Gundekar II. Is designated as the successor to Pope Viktor II. At the instigation of Empress Agnes von Poitou in the Palatinate to Tribur Bishop of Eichstätt and is invested as bishop on October 5 in Speyer in the presence of 14 imperial bishops. The enthronement in Eichstätt takes place on October 17th , the episcopal consecration takes place on December 27th in the imperial palace of Bodfeld.
- May 10th : The first elevation of the Pataria takes place in Milan . This rag movement, which came from the common people, aims to reform the priesthood. It persecutes married clergy and is directed against simony and the general moral decline in the high clergy.
- Humbert von Silva Candida wrote the Libri tres adversus simoniacos .
- In the south of India , the Kalleshvara temple is completed near Hirehadagali ( Karnataka ) during the reign of the Chalukya ruler Someshvara I.
- Alexios I , Byzantine Emperor († 1118 )
- Hugo I , Duke of Burgundy and Abbot of Cluny († 1093 )
- Hugo von Vermandois , brother of King Philip I of France, crusader († 1101 )
Date of death secured
- 3rd / 4th September : Rainald I, Count of Burgundy (* 986 )
- September 28 : Otto III. , Count an der lower Altmühl (Kelsgau), Margrave in Nordgau, Count an der lower Naab, Duke of Swabia (* around 995 )
- November 7th : Lothar Udo I. , Count of Stade and Margrave of the Nordmark (* after 994)
Exact date of death unknown
- Abu l-'Ala al-Ma'arri , Arab poet (* 973 )
- Adalbero von Eppenstein , Bishop of Bamberg
- Ralph the Timid , Earl of Hereford