Judith of Schweinfurt

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Břetislav kidnaps Judith. Illustration from the Dalimil Chronicle , 14th century

Judith von Schweinfurt (also Guta , Czech Jitka ze Schweinfurtu or ze Svinibrodu ; * before 1003; † August 2, 1058 in Hungary ) was a Duchess of Bohemia by marriage .

Judith, daughter of Margrave Heinrich from the Bavarian Nordgau and Gerberga von Henneberg , daughter of Count Otto II von Henneberg, was married to Břetislav I , Duke of Bohemia.

According to contemporary information, the beautiful, graceful young woman spent her youth in the Benedictine family monastery in Schweinfurt , where she was brought up. There she met Břetislav, son of the Bohemian Duke Oldřich and his native wife Božena, and fell in love with him.

However, it was clear to him that, due to his background, he had no way of holding her hand. On July 7, 1021 Judith von Břetislav was kidnapped first to Bohemia and later to Moravia , where the Germans did not have such a strong position of power. In 1029 both married in Olomouc and, judging by the historians, had a happy marriage.

Judith gave birth to her husband five sons: Spytihněv , Vratislav , Konrad , Jaromír and Otto I. the fair (Czech Ota I.).

After her husband's death, she was expelled from the country by her son Spytihněv in 1055 and spent the rest of her life in Hungary . After her death, her remains were transferred to Prague by Duke Vratislav II and buried in St. Vitus Cathedral.

Legend has it that she married Peter Orseolo in Hungary (who died in 1046/47).


  • Jan Campanus Vodňanský wrote the drama "Břetislav and Jitka" about the couple
  • in Schweinfurt, the town of her birth, a grotto at the Peterstirn commemorates the kidnapping of Judith , where the Markgrafenhof was located in her time; there is a shoe carved in stone that Judith is said to have lost during the kidnapping

Web links

Commons : Judith of Schweinfurt  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hubert Gutermann: Alt-Schweinfurt in pictures, customs, sagas and stories. Schweinfurter Tagblatt, 8th edition 1967, p. 90