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◄◄ | | 935 | 936 | 937 | 938 | 939 | 940 | 941 | 942 | 943 | | ►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

King Königthelstan's tomb in Malmesbury Abbey
Æthelstan , King of England , dies.
939 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 387/388 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 931/932
Buddhist calendar 1482/83 (southern Buddhism); 1481/82 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 60th (61st) cycle

Year of the Earth-Pig己亥 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Dog 戊戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 301/302 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 317/318
Islamic calendar 327/328 (turn of the year 17th / 18th October)
Jewish calendar 4699/4700 (September 16-17)
Coptic calendar 655/656
Malayalam calendar 114/115
Roman calendar ab urbe condita MDCXCII (1692)

Diocletian's era : 655/656 (turn of the year November)

Seleucid era Babylon: 1249/50 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1250/51 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 977
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 995/996 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Papal States

Eastern and Western France

  • Archbishop Friedrich von Mainz , Archkaplan, wants to mediate between the rebels and King Otto I, but who wants unconditional submission. He then leaves his entourage and falls from grace.
  • Duke Hugo the Great breaks with his previous protégé King Ludwig IV. He allies himself with King Otto I and forms a strong opposition with the Counts of Vermandois , Flanders and Rouen (Normandy).
  • From their bridgehead in Fraxinetum , the Saracens advance to St. Gallen .

Republic of Venice


Edmund I of England

Iberian Peninsula

  • Caliph Abd al-Rahman III. , first caliph of Cordoba , wages a "campaign of omnipotence" against the kingdoms of León and Navarre , but is defeated by Christian troops under King Ramiro II of León in the battle of Simancas and on the retreat near Alhandega . Christian and Moorish chronicles tell of a solar eclipse on the day of the battle. For the first time in centuries, the Christians conquered large areas south of the Duero , including the city of Salamanca , but their territorial gains remained contested for a long time.


  • Vietnam becomes independent from China under the name Dai Co Viet .



  • probably 939: The Icelandic volcano Katla begins a series of eruptions that extend into the stratosphere . The Eldgjá volcanic fissure is formed in the spring with far-reaching climatic consequences. The outbreak has been linked to reports of a very cold winter in 939/940, accompanied by poor harvests and famine in parts of Europe, China and Persia. In addition, significant fluctuations in temperature and precipitation can be detected in the entire northern hemisphere in the following years.


  • around 939: Hadwig , Duchess of Swabia († 994 )


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 939  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files