Calendar overview 872
|Hildesheim Cathedral is built under Bishop Altfrid .|
|872 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||320/321 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1415/16 (southern Buddhism); 1414/15 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||59th (60th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||234/235 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||250/251 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||258/259 (November 6/7)|
|Jewish calendar||4632/33 (September 7/8)|
from urbe condita MDCXXV (1625)
Diocletian's era : 588/589 (November turn of the year)
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1182/83 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1183/84 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||928/929 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- Harald I ("fair hair") defeats the Norwegian petty kings in the battle of Hafrsfjord and establishes a great kingship.
- The Byzantine emperor Basil I defeats the Paulikians under their leader Chrysocheir in the battle of Bathys Ryax and destroys their capital Tephrike . Chrysocheir escapes with a small bodyguard, but is taken by the Byzantine vanguard at Konstantinu Bunos (probably today's Yildiz Dagı ) and killed in battle. His head is sent to Constantinople .
- The Yuʿfirids make Shibam the capital of their Yemeni principality, but still recognize the suzerainty of the Abbasids . At the same time, the founder of the dynasty, Yuʿfir ibn ʿAbd ar-Raḥmān al-Ḥiwālī al-Ḥimyārī, hands over the business of government to his son Muḥammad, who also receives a certificate of confirmation from the Abbasid caliph .
- December 14th : After the death of Hadrian II , John VIII is elected Pope .
- The first Hildesheim Cathedral was built under Bishop Altfrid as a three-aisled basilica on a cross plan with a two-tier westwork .
- Pietro II Candiano , Doge of Venice († 939 )
- Ki no Tsurayuki , Japanese writer († 945 )
- Liao Taizu , chief of the Yila tribe († 926 )
- around 872: al-Fārābī , Muslim philosopher († 950 )
- around 872: Ethelfleda , daughter of King Alfred the Great († 918 )
- June 13 : Grimald von Weißenburg , abbot of several monasteries, arch chaplain and chancellor of the East Franconian Empire (* around 800 )
- December 14 : Hadrian II , Pope (* 792 )
- Fujiwara no Yoshifusa , Japanese regent (* 804 )
- 872/ 873 : Ivar the Boneless , Viking Prince (* around 794 )
- around 872: Rastislav , Prince of Great Moravia