Calendar overview 871
Alfred the Great
becomes King of Wessex .
conquered Bari from the Arabs .
|871 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||319/320 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1414/15 (southern Buddhism); 1413/14 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||59th (60th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||233/234 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||249/250 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||257/258 (November 17-18)|
|Jewish calendar||4631/32 (September 19-20)|
from urbe condita MDCXXIV (1624)
Diocletian's era : 587/588 (New Year November)
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1181/82 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1182/83 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||927/928 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Viking Age in Wessex
- Viking Age : Several battles take place between the Danish Vikings and the Kingdom of Wessex :
- April 23 : After the death of Æthelred at the Battle of Merton , his younger brother Alfred becomes the Great King of Wessex.
- Run for 865 in England roving Great Heathen Army boost from Scandinavia through the Great Summer Army .
- Spring: Emperor Basil I sends an embassy to Tephrike to negotiate with the rebellious Paulicians under Chrysocheir . When these fail, he undertakes a campaign against them, but is defeated in a field battle and can only with difficulty escape from the battlefield. Encouraged by this success, Chrysocheir dares another raid deep into Anatolia, reaches Ankyra and devastates southern Galatia . Basil then sends a new army against them.
Other events in Europe
- Islam in Italy : Emperor Ludwig II fights the Arabs off Bari and conquers the city.
- Foundation of the Hammaburg in the mouth of the Alster , the nucleus of Hamburg
- Coimbra is conquered again by the Moors .
- During the Zanj uprising against the Abbasids under Caliph al-Mu'tamid , the rebels conquer Basra and completely destroy the “vicious” city. The slave army caused a massacre among the population and forced the survivors into slavery. In the vicinity of the destroyed Basra, the insurgents set up their own capital, which has a military command, administration and courts.
Culture and religion
- Work on the Japanese chronicle Nihon Montoku Tennō Jitsuroku begins.
- 871/ 873 : The so-called Second Bible of Charles the Bald , a Carolingian manuscript , created in the monastery of Saint-Amand . The book decoration of the Bible is a major work of the so-called Franco-Saxon school, strongly influenced by the insular book illumination , which developed in the 9th century in what is now northern France and is very different from the courtly Carolingian book illumination.
Date of death secured
- March 5 or April 2 : Solomon I , Bishop of Constance
- April 23 : Æthelred , King of Wessex (* around 837 )
- May 14 : Iso of St. Gallen , Thurgau Benedictine (* around 830 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Engelschalk I. , East Franconian Margrave of the East Mark
- Ibn ʿAbd al-Hakam , Muslim historian and legal scholar (* around 803 )
- Liutbert , Archbishop of Cologne, Bishop of Munster
- Yahya ibn Mu'adh ar-Razi , Persian Sufi
- Wilhelm II. , Margrave of the Ostmark