Calendar overview 800
|Charlemagne is led by Pope Leo III. in Peter's Basilica on Rome to the Roman Emperor crowned.|
|800 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||248/249 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1343/44 (southern Buddhism); 1342/43 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||58th (59th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||162/163 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||178/179 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||183/184 (January 31 / February 1)|
|Jewish calendar||4560/61 (23/24 September)|
ab urbe condita MDLIII (1553)
Diocletian's era : 516/517 (New Year November)
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1110/11 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1111/12 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||856/857 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- November 24th : Charlemagne arrives in Rome to discuss the events of the assassination attempt on Pope Leo III at a synod beginning December 1st . to be clarified in April 799 . Leo takes an oath of cleansing on December 23rd to dispel his opponents' allegations. These, led by the nobles Paschalis and Campulus, are thereupon sentenced to death, but then pardoned for exile in the Franconian Empire .
- December 25th : Charlemagne is taken over by Pope Leo III. in Peter's Basilica on Rome to the Roman Emperor ( " Augustus " and " Emperor ") crowned, the present people with the words "Charles, Augustus, the God-winning large and peace-bringing Emperor of the Romans, life and victory!" the acclamation perform. The reason given to the Pope, is the alleged throne vacancy in Constantinople Opel where for 797 with Irene a woman for the first time sole ruler. Karl was initially denied recognition as a Western Roman emperor by Constantinople (" two emperor problem "). In fact, the coronation signifies the establishment of the Western Empire, which sees itself as a continuation of the Roman Empire ( Translatio imperii ). It is unclear whether the coronation in this form was intended by Karl himself.
- Various rebellions break out in Lisbon , Mérida and Toledo and last until 810. The uprisings are bloodily suppressed.
- Joint campaign by Asturias (under Alfonso II ) and the Franconian Empire (military leader: Ludwig the Pious ) against the Moors . Lleida and Huesca are captured, Barcelona besieged and captured in 803 ; the conquests form the basis for the Spanish mark .
Rest of Europe
- In Sweden the Viking Age replaces the Vendelzeit .
- First documented mention of Arfeld , Fahrnau and Hohenhaslach
- around 800: Esslingen am Neckar receives market rights .
- around 800: Offa's Dyke is built.
Middle East and North Africa
- The Aghlabids win as emirs of Ifriqiya in North Africa in fact the independence of the caliph of the Abbasid in Baghdad . The dynasty ruled the Maghreb until 909 .
- Liudger founded the Werden monastery , which subsequently developed into the most important monastery in the region. It is owned by the Liudgers family. In the same year he also founded the St. Ludgeri monastery , from which the city of Helmstedt developed. Both monasteries are run in personal union.
- around 800: Herford women's convent is founded
Historical maps and views
- Fatima al-Fihri , founder of the University of al-Qarawīyīn in Morocco († 880 )
- around 800: al-Kindī , Islamic philosopher († 873 )
- around 800: Altfrid , Bishop of Hildesheim († 874 )
- around 800: Æthelwulf , King of Wessex († 858 )
- around 800: Hunger , Bishop of Utrecht († 866 )
- around 800: Swithin , Bishop of Winchester († 862 )
- around 800: Warin I , abbot of Corvey Monastery († 856 )
- June 4th : Luitgard , Queen of the Franks, consort or wife of Charlemagne
- June: Staurakios , Byzantine eunuch, Patrikios and senior civil servant