Calendar overview 802
|Nikephorus I becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Irene .|
|802 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||250/251 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1345/46 (southern Buddhism); 1344/45 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||58th (59th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||164/165 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||180/181 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||185/ 186 (January 9-10. // 29/30 December.) / 187|
|Jewish calendar||4562/63 (August 31 / September 1)|
ab urbe condita MDLV (1555)
Diocletian's era : 518/519 (November turn of the year)
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1112/13 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1113/14 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||858/859 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- October 31 : The Byzantine Empress Irene is deposed; in their place their finance minister Nikephorus I becomes emperor, who banishes Irene to Lesbos . Her fall also thwarted any plans of Irene's marriage to Charlemagne .
- Preslav becomes the capital of the Bulgarian Empire in place of Pliska . After the death of the Bulgarian ruler Kardam, there was initially a turmoil of the throne before Krum took over rule in 803 .
- The Venetian Doge Giovanni Galbaio sends a punitive expedition against the Patriarchate of Grado . His son Mauritius leads a fleet to Grado , conquers the city and murders the patriarch John by causing him to fall from a high tower.
- Charlemagne for the first time installs bailiffs for spiritual immunities. In addition, he established the office of royal messengers .
- Charlemagne introduces a kind of compulsory education . In addition to the monasteries and cathedral monasteries , the pastors are required to run schools.
- With the Lex Saxonum , the Saxons are largely regaining their old popular law.
- Egbert becomes King of Wessex, succeeding Beorhtric . While Beorhtric has largely subordinated himself to the Kingdom of Mercia , Egbert is striving for an independent position of power for Wessex.
- Jayavarman II proclaims himself Deva-raja and thereby founds the kingdom of Angkor .
- Caliph Hārūn ar-Raschīd regulates the succession to the throne between his sons al-Amin and Al-Ma'mun .
First documentary mentions
- July 20 : Charlemagne receives the elephant Abul Abbas and other gifts as a gift from Caliph Hārūn ar-Raschīd from the Abbasid family in Aachen . Isaak from Aachen accompanied the elephant on his way north of the Alps.
- Otto I becomes Bishop of Speyer .
- Baugulf resigns as Abbot of Fulda ; Ratgar is his successor .
- Egilwart becomes Bishop of Würzburg .
- around 802: The Diocese of Neuburg is dissolved and incorporated into the Diocese of Augsburg under Bishop Simpert .
- 802/ 803 : Egbert succeeds Higbald as Bishop of Lindisfarne .
- February 27th : Egino , Bishop of Verona
- Æthelmund , Ealdorman of the Hwicce
- Beorhtric , King of Wessex
- Stephanos Melodos , Byzantine melode (* around 725 )
- Giovanni degli Antinori , Bishop of Trieste and Patriarch of Grado
- Paulinus II , Patriarch of Aquileia, theologian and grammarian
- around 802: Domitian of Carinthia , saint of the Catholic Church