Calendar overview 1088
and takes the name Urban II .
|1088 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||536/537 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1631/32 (southern Buddhism); 1630/31 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||450/451 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||466/467 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||480/481 (March 26-27)|
|Jewish calendar||4848/49 (September 18-19)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1398/99 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1399/1400 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1144/45 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- Bohemond I from the Norman noble family of the Hauteville founds the Principality of Taranto .
- Normans conquer the city of Castrogiovanni in Sicily from the Arabs .
- 1088/ 1089 : Yusuf ibn Tashfin , rulers of the Almoravids in al-Andalus , besieged for four months without success Aledo . The campaign fails, among other things, because of the lack of support from the Taifa kingdoms .
First documentary mentions
science and technology
- The University of Bologna is founded (initially as a law school) as the first university in Europe .
- The Naumburg Cathedral School is first mentioned in a document.
- March 12th : Odo von Chatillon is six months after the death of his predecessor Viktor III. elected Pope at the papal election in Terracina in 1088 and took the name Urban II . The close confidante of Gregory VII is considered a level-headed and conciliatory church politician with diplomatic skills. It falls to him to save the reform papacy , which had got into trouble with Gregory's expulsion and death . At the same time, the powerful antipope Clement III , who is recognized in large parts of Europe, especially in Germany and Northern Italy, rules in Rome . who sees his dominant position hardly endangered even by Urban’s election. Urban spends most of his time traveling.
- Balduin III. , Count of Hainaut († 1120 )
- Piroska of Hungary , as Irene Orthodox saint, wife of the Byzantine emperor John II Comnenus († 1134 )
Date of death secured
- January 6th : Berengar von Tours , dialectician of pre-olasticism
- March 11 : Berthold von Reichenau , chronicler (* around 1030 )
- March 15 : Bernhard von Konstanz , scholar and publicist
- April 7th : Burchard II of Halberstadt , German cleric and politician, Bishop of Halberstadt (* around 1028 )
- May 12 : Johannes Dukas , brother of the Byzantine emperor Constantine X.
- May 27 : Friedrich II. Von Goseck , Count Palatine of Saxony
- June 15 : Gebhard von Helfenstein , Archbishop of Salzburg and Seliger (* around 1010 )
- June 20 : Meinhard von Bamberg , Cathedral Scholaster of Bamberg and Bishop of Würzburg
- June 24th : William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey , Norman aristocrat (* 1030 )
- July 27 : Benno II. , Bishop of Osnabrück (* around 1020 )
- September 28 : Hermann von Salm , German anti-king (* around 1035 )
- November 24th : Ekkehard II. Von Nellenburg , abbot of the island of Reichenau
Exact date of birth unknown
- An-Nasir ibn Alumnas , ruler of the Hammadids in Algeria
- Rongsom Chökyi Sangpo , Tibetan Buddhist (* 1012 )
- Wezilo , Archbishop of Mainz