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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Urban II, 14th century from the Roman de Godfroi de Bouillon
Odo von Chatillon is elected Pope in Terracina
and takes the name Urban II .
1088 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 536/537 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1080/81
Buddhist calendar 1631/32 (southern Buddhism); 1630/31 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 63rd (64th) cycle

Year of the Earth Dragon龙 辰 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Rabbit 丁卯)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 450/451 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 466/467 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 480/481 (March 26-27)
Jewish calendar 4848/49 (September 18-19)
Coptic calendar 804/805
Malayalam calendar 263/264
Seleucid era Babylon: 1398/99 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1399/1400 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1126
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1144/45 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Southern Italy

Iberian Peninsula

First documentary mentions

science and technology

Seal of the University of Bologna


  • March 12th : Odo von Chatillon is six months after the death of his predecessor Viktor III. elected Pope at the papal election in Terracina in 1088 and took the name Urban II . The close confidante of Gregory VII is considered a level-headed and conciliatory church politician with diplomatic skills. It falls to him to save the reform papacy , which had got into trouble with Gregory's expulsion and death . At the same time, the powerful antipope Clement III , who is recognized in large parts of Europe, especially in Germany and Northern Italy, rules in Rome . who sees his dominant position hardly endangered even by Urban’s election. Urban spends most of his time traveling.



Date of death secured

Exact date of birth unknown

Web links

Commons : 1088  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files