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Coordinates: 51 ° 51 ′ 0 ″  N , 8 ° 17 ′ 32 ″  E
Height : approx. 70 m
Area : 27.06 km²
Residents : 22,045  (Jan. 1, 2014)
Population density : 815 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : January 1, 1970
Postal code : 33378
Area code : 05242
Location of Rheda in Rheda-Wiedenbrück

Rheda is a district of the city of Rheda-Wiedenbrück in the North Rhine-Westphalian district of Gütersloh .


Rheda was an independent city until the end of 1969 , which was merged with the city of Wiedenbrück and the communities of North Rheda- Ems , St. Vit , Batenhorst and Lintel to form the new city of Rheda-Wiedenbrück as part of the municipal reform on January 1, 1970 .

Rheda was first mentioned in a document in 1085 at the earliest and 1088 at the latest . Since it was first mentioned, the castle or the later Rheda Castle was the center of the Rheda rule from 1170 to 1807/1815 .


Evangelical town church Rheda
  • Ev. City Church . It is a small three-aisled hall church , which was created by expanding an older Holy Blood Chapel. It was built from 1611 in Gothic style. The west tower is marked in 1654. The equipment includes two epitaphs . The more important of the two was created for Drosten Friedrich von Twickel († 1629) perhaps by Adam Stenelt from Osnabrück. The octagonal baptismal font, marked 1567, was discovered during the interior renovation carried out in 1970/71. Remains of the old church stalls from 1623 (and from a later period) have been under the prince's gallery since the last church renovation. The latter was made at the beginning of the 18th century. Several grave slabs that were formerly on the floor of the church are attached to the exterior, including those of Countess Sophia zu Bentheim-Tecklenburg († 1691) and that of Drosten Johannes von Bistram († 1685). The Rhedaer Stadtkirche is one of the earliest Protestant church buildings in Westphalia.
  • Catholic parish church of St. Clemens .
    St. Clement
    The neo-Romanesque building with two front towers was built by Ludwig Becker in 1910 . The mighty organ , based on baroque models, was built in 1984 by the company Fischer + Krämer from Endingen, as the old instrument was viewed as inadequate. The old organ was probably created by Hinrich Klausing from Herford for the Franciscan Church in Wiedenbrück before 1677 . In 1851/52 it was bought by the Catholic parish of Rheda and rebuilt in 1886. This led to a broadening of the prospectus. In 1911 it was transferred to the new parish church of St. Clemens. In 1960 it was expanded and restored by F. W. Stegerhoff, Paderborn. When the new organ was built, the old main case was restored and was retained as a Rückpositiv .
  • Catholic parish church St. Johannes Baptist .
    Parish Church of St. John Baptist
    Modern church building by the Cologne architect Prof. Gottfried Böhm , built 1964–1966, consecrated on October 1st, 1966 by the Paderborn Archbishop Lorenz Cardinal Jaeger . Polygonal community room with six surrounding polygonal side rooms, brickwork, bell tower. Due to structural damage that has existed since the beginning (rainwater penetrating from the side), the outside was clad with titanium zinc sheets in 1986. Equipment: Triumphal cross made of bog oak with bronze and rock crystal by the Wiedenbrück artist Hubert Hartmann ; Stations of the Cross by the same artist; late Gothic statue of the Madonna, South German; John the Baptist , sculpture by the artist Bernward Erlenkötter in the Holy House on the church square; Organ from Speith, Rietberg, from 1967.
  • Lock . Moated castle on artificially raised hill ( Motte ).
  • So-called Princely Widows 'Palace , Steinweg 2. The solid building with a central projectile , rusticated pilasters and an outside staircase was originally built in 1766 as the Girke brothers' home.
  • Old District Court , Berliner Straße 22. The plastered building from 1749 with a mansard roof and open staircase was not completed until 1796 after a long interruption in construction. In the rear part of the property there are two symmetrically arranged half-timbered ancillary buildings.
Rheda town hall
Half-timbered houses on Doktorplatz
  • Residential buildings. Large parts of the old town fell victim to urban redevelopment in the 1970s . The area around the town church with the former Gänsemarkt (later Wilhelmsplatz, now Rathausplatz) was particularly affected. In 1972, a number of buildings had to give way to the new town hall built according to plans by Harald Deilmann , which completely exceeded the dimensions of the small-scale inner city. The old town hall, once the residence of the Fontaine family, which Wilhelm Fontaine donated to the city of Rheda in 1855, was also torn down. With Lange Strasse 25 (today: Berliner Strasse) from 1708, one of the most beautiful residential buildings in the historic city center disappeared. It was dismantled in 1969 and only rebuilt from 2007 to 2010 in the Westphalian Open Air Museum in Detmold. In the side streets, however, a number of modest half-timbered gabled houses from the 16th to 19th centuries have remained to this day. Century preserved, so u. a. on Kleine Strasse and Moosstrasse. The street Am Großen Wall offers a particularly attractive street scene with simple two-story hall houses . The following should be emphasized on individual buildings:
    • Berliner Strasse 19 (Hotel am Doktorplatz). The former widow's house of Dorothea Susanna Wilmans geb. Schwenger, whose gable triangle protrudes several times over Knaggen, is designated 1732. The plastered compartments are painted to imitate brick.
    • Doctor's place 5 (restaurant “Münze”). The single-storey half-timbered building with a side extension was built in 1604 as the town's first pharmacist's house. It was completely renewed in 1875 using beams from the old coin, which was formerly located in the orangery garden.
    • Doctor's place 6 (Neuhaus restaurant). The large half-timbered gable house was built in 1716 for the merchant Andreas Wilmans. The storey floor above the former hall was probably added later. In contrast to the other, extremely simple half-timbered houses in the city center, it has a richly carved gate beam with a coat of arms.
    • Great Wall 44 . Passage house from 1644.
    • Großer Wall 68 (formerly Heiringhoff bakery). The four-column construction from around 1565 is one of the oldest preserved half-timbered buildings in Rheda. It was renovated in 2012-2013 and converted into a multi-generation house.
    • Hoppenstrasse 10 . Half-timbered gable house from the 16th century. The large hall gate was restored a few years ago.
    • Kleine Straße 3 , built in 1619.
    • Kleine Straße 8/10 , eaves semi-detached house, around 1550–1600.
    • Kleine Straße 9 , built in 1620.
    • Nadelstrasse 2 . The former pastorate is named 1732.
  • Domhof , formerly the seat of the count's city and district judge, Am Domhof 1. Stately four-column half-timbered building with a hall, built in 1616 by Eberhard Huck. The old room layout has been largely preserved. The hall with its painted wooden beam ceiling in the style of the so-called " Lipperenaissance " from 1663 is noteworthy. In the years 1986–1988, the building originally intended for demolition was extensively restored.
  • Drostenhof , Berliner Strasse 52 (Kunsthaus Artes). Only the house has survived from the courtyard. Today it is wedged between new buildings and a parking deck a little way off Berliner Straße. The plastered quarry stone building with hipped roof and large entrance portal is marked by wall anchors on the exterior in 1607. The builder was Friedrich von Twickel, the sovereign's deputy. In 1721 the building was rebuilt by J. Jörgens. The outside staircase on the garden side is likely to go back to this conversion . A baroque baluster staircase has been preserved inside .
  • The mausoleum of the princes of Bentheim-Tecklenburg , which was built after 1830 in classicist forms, is located in the Protestant cemetery . In 1859 a renovation was carried out by H. Kaupisch.
  • Memorial stone for the former synagogue on Steinweg
  • Memorial stone at the site of the former Raemmelkenbrücke to Oelde
  • Local recreation area Rhedaer Forst



  • Hermann Schaub: The rule of Rheda and their residence city. From the beginning to the end of the Old Kingdom. Publishing house for regional history, Bielefeld 2006, ISBN 978-38953-461-01 .

Web links

Commons : Rheda  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Rheda-Wiedenbrück  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Archived copy ( Memento from February 25, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  2. Martin Bünermann: The communities of the first reorganization program in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1970, p. 110 .