Calendar overview 1081
|Byzantine Empire , Alexios I Comnenus becomes the new emperor after he had previously been Nikephorus III. has dethroned.|
|1081 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||529/530 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1624/25 (southern Buddhism); 1623/24 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||62nd (63rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||443/444 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||459/460 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||473/474 (June 10/11)|
|Jewish calendar||4841/42 (September 5-6)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1391/92 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1392/93 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1137/38 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Byzantine Empire / Normans
- April 4 : Alexios I. Komnenus is crowned Emperor of the Byzantine Empire after Nikephorus III. has dethroned. He withdrew to the Peribleptos monastery in Constantinople.
- Normans from southern Italy under Robert Guiskard conquer the island of Corfu from the Byzantines.
- Alexios I Komnenos was in command of the defense of Albania against the Normans under Robert Guiskard (Albania was first mentioned in a document), but was defeated on October 18 at the Battle of Durazzo .
Other events in Europe
- August 6th : Hermann von Salm is elected to be the rival king to Heinrich IV .
- December 26th : The Archbishop of Mainz Siegfried I crowns Hermann von Salm in Goslar as King of the Holy Roman Empire .
First documentary mentions
- Egolzwil is first mentioned in a document.
- Emperor Alexios I created the imperial court title Sebastokrator in order to raise his older brother Isaak above his brother-in-law and former rival to the throne Nikephoros Melissenus, to whom he had promised the second highest title of emperor .
- New construction of the Mainz Cathedral
- Fire in Bamberg Cathedral
- Start of construction on St. Knut's Cathedral ("Sankt Knuds Kirke") in Odense
Date of death secured
- March 22nd : Boleslaw II , King of Poland (* 1042 )
- October 18 : Konstantios Dukas , Byzantine co-emperor (* 1060 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Caradog ap Gruffydd , Welsh Prince
- Jōjin , Japanese Buddhist monk scholar (* 1011 )
- Nikephorus III. , Byzantine emperor (* around 1010 )
- Trahern ap Caradog , Welsh King
Died around 1081
- Marianus Scottus , Irish monk and scribe