Calendar overview 1137
Louis VII of France
marries Eleanor of Aquitaine in Bordeaux Cathedral .
|1137 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||585/586 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1680/81 (southern Buddhism); 1679/80 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||499/500 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||515/516 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||531/532 (September 18-19)|
|Jewish calendar||4897/98 (September 17-18)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1447/48 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1448/49 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1193/94 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
England / Wales
- July 22nd : The French heir to the throne, Louis, marries Eleanor of Aquitaine in Bordeaux Cathedral .
- August 1st : Ludwig VII. After the death of his father Ludwig VI. King of France . Eleanor becomes Queen of France.
- August 11th : Ramiro II , King of Aragón from the House of Jiménez , betrothed his one-year-old daughter Petronella to the Catalan Count Raimund Berengar IV of Barcelona , with which the inheritance of Aragon to the House of Barcelona and thus the historical union with Catalonia to the Crown of Aragon is initiated. On September 13th, he transfers power over Aragón to his son-in-law in Saragossa and retires to the monastery of San Pedro el Viejo in Huesca to go back to the life of a monk. Petronella is officially crowned queen.
- Tashfin ibn Ali ibn Yusug defeated the Castilians near Alcazar de San Juan and destroyed the castle of Escalona north of the Tagus . Alfonso I of Portugal fails when attempting to retake Lisbon from the Moors .
Other events in Europe
- Pentecost Peace of Glatz
- Exchange contract of Mautern : the Bishop of Passau receives St. Peter's Church in Vienna, Leopold IV of Austria receives extensive lands around Vienna.
- Erik III. Lam becomes King of Denmark .
- Niklot becomes sole ruler of the Abodrites .
- The Johanniter also take on the task of armed border guards and thus become a spiritual order of knights in the true sense.
First documentary mentions
- Drackenstein , Ecuvillens , Großbettlingen , Hülben , Ödenwaldstetten , Madulain , Pontresina , St. Peter , S-chanf and Trumau are first mentioned in a document.
Religion and culture
- Hugo von Sponheim becomes Archbishop of Cologne ; in the same year Arnold I followed him in office.
- Start of construction on the Saint-Denis basilica near Paris (considered a building of the Gothic period )
- Founding of the Zwettl and Salem and Pforta monasteries
- The Peterskirche in Vienna is first mentioned in a document.
Exact date of birth unknown
- Ferdinand II , King of León and Galicia († 1188 )
- Heinrich (VI.) , Prince and Co-King of the Holy Roman Empire († 1150 )
- Wenceslas II , Duke of Bohemia († around 1192)
Born around 1137
- Ludwig II , Count of Württemberg († 1181 )
- Saladin , Sultan and founder of the Ayyubid dynasty († 1193 )
Date of death secured
- March 6th : Oleguer , Bishop of Barcelona and Archbishop of Tarragona (* around 1060 )
- April 9th : Wilhelm X , Duke of Aquitaine (* 1099 )
- May 5th : Asker , Bishop of Lund
- May 29 : Bruno II. Von Berg , Archbishop of Cologne (* around 1100 )
- July 1st : Hugo von Sponheim , Archbishop of Cologne
- July 10 : Pain FitzJohn , Anglo-Norman nobleman
- August 1st : Ludwig VI. , King of France (* 1081 )
- September 18 : Erik II , King of Denmark (* around 1100 )
- October 9 : Heinrich I , Bishop of Freising (* around 1065 )
- October 16 : Adalbero III. , Bishop of Basel
- November 1st : Wolfhold von Admont , abbot of the Benedictine monastery of Admont
- December 3 : Lothar III. , Holy Roman Emperor (* 1075 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Amalrich III. , Lord of Montfort-l'Amaury and Count of Évreux
- Diethard , Bishop of Osnabrück
- Giso V. , Gaugraf in the Franconian Hessengau and Vogt of the Hasungen Monastery (* around 1110 )
- Maurice Bourdin, under the name Gregory VIII. Antipope to Popes Gelasius II and Calixt II.
- Gruffydd ap Cynan , King of the Welsh Kingdom of Gwynedd (* around 1055 )
- Gruffydd ap Rhys , Prince of Deheubarth (* around 1090 )
- Pons of Tripoli , Count of Tripoli (* around 1098 )