Calendar overview 1156
|Otto the Rich becomes Margrave of Meissen .|
|1156 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||604/605 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1699/1700 (southern Buddhism); 1698/99 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||64th (65th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||518/519 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||550/551 (February 24/25)|
|Jewish calendar||4916/17 (September 16/17)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1466/67 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1467/68 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1212/13 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire / Italy
- June 17 : Frederick I Barbarossa married in Wuerzburg second wife Beatrice of Burgundy .
- June 18 : Pope Hadrian IV and William I of Sicily sign the Treaty of Benevento , in which the Pope finally recognizes the Norman Empire in southern Italy . As a result, a conflict arises in the bond between Pope and Emperor who wants to fight the Norman conquest of southern Italy .
- June 21 : Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa reassigns Augsburg the city charter that the place received as Roman Augusta Vindelicorum from the Roman Emperor Hadrian in 121 AD. The Justitia Civitatis Augustensis is the oldest German city law.
- June: William I of Sicily conquers the rebellious Bari and razes the city to the ground. He elevates his four-year-old son Roger to Duke of Apulia .
- September 8th : Emperor Friedrich I. Barbarossa settles the long-standing dispute over the Duchy of Bavaria at the Regensburg Court Conference . The Welf Heinrich the Lion receives Bavaria, the Babenberg Heinrich II Jasomirgott the later split off Austria. Nine days later, the Privilegium Minus certificate is drawn up.
Eastern Europe and the Caucasus
- Giorgi III. becomes King of Georgia .
- The construction of the Moscow fortress on the edge of his dominion, ordered by Prince Yuri Dolgoruki , has been completed.
First documentary mentions
- First documentary mention of the later imperial city Schwäbisch Hall as well as Cottbus , Staden , Calfreisen , Flerden , Maladers , Masein , Samedan and Urmein
- In Venice is Montevecchio , founded an association of creditors , as the first banking institution of the West makes history.
Date of birth saved
Exact date of birth unknown
- Gottfried II. , Count of Ziegenhain († around 1200)
- Hōjō Masako , mother of the Japanese shoguns Minamoto no Yoriie and Minamoto no Sanetomo († 1225 )
- Magnus V , King of Norway († 1184 )
Born around 1156
- Mathilde Plantagenet , Duchess of Saxony and Bavaria († 1189 )
- Al-Āmidī , Islamic scholar († 1233 )
- Bona of Pisa , Catholic Augustinian terniar and mystic († 1207 )
Date of death secured
- January 17th : André de Montbard , Grand Master of the Templar Order (* around 1103 )
- January 31 : Hermann von Horn , Bishop of Utrecht
- May 7th : Ratibor I. , Duke of Pomerania-Schlawe-Stolp
- May 14 : Arnold II von Wied , Archbishop of Cologne (* around 1098 )
- May 19 : Heinrich I , Bishop of Minden
- August 4th : Otto V. , Count of Scheyern (* 1083 )
- August 11 : Fujiwara no Yorinaga , Japanese minister (* 1120 )
- August 12th : Blanka of Navarre , Queen of Castile
- September 20 : Hermann von Stahleck , Count Palatine near Rhine
- November 22nd : Heinrich I. von Tecklenburg , Count of Tecklenburg (* around 1115 )
- December 25 : Peter the Venerable , Abbot of Cluny, theologian and monastic reformer (* 1092 / 1094 )
Exact date of death unknown
- February: Domenico Morosini , 37th Doge of Venice
- June: Wilhelm von Poitiers , eldest son of Henry II of England (* 1153 )
- Mas'ud I , Seljuk Sultan of Rum
- Minamoto no Tameyoshi , Samurai (* 1096 )
- Mohammed I , Seljuk ruler of Kerman
- Niphont , Bishop of Novgorod
- Poppo I. , Count of Reichenbach