Calendar overview 1156
|Otto the Rich becomes Margrave of Meissen .|
|1156 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||604/605 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1699/1700 (southern Buddhism); 1698/99 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||64th (65th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||518/519 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||550/551 (February 24/25)|
|Jewish calendar||4916/17 (September 16/17)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1466/67 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1467/68 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1212/13 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire / Italy
- February: Vitale Michiel II. Is the last Doge of Venice to be elected by the popular assembly. The election takes place one year after the death of his predecessor Domenico Morosini .
- June 17th : Friedrich I. Barbarossa marries Beatrix of Burgundy in Würzburg for the second time .
- June 18 : Pope Hadrian IV and William I of Sicily sign the Treaty of Benevento , in which the Pope finally recognizes the Norman Empire in southern Italy . As a result, a conflict arises in the bond between Pope and Emperor, who wants to fight the Norman conquest of southern Italy .
- June 21 : Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa reassigns Augsburg the city charter that the place received as the Roman Augusta Vindelicorum from the Roman Emperor Hadrian in 121 AD. The Justitia Civitatis Augustensis is the oldest German city law.
- June: William I of Sicily conquers the rebellious Bari and razes the city to the ground. He makes his four-year-old son Roger Duke of Apulia .
- September 8th : Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa settles the long-standing dispute over the Duchy of Bavaria at the Regensburg Court Conference . The Welf Heinrich the Lion received Bavaria, the Babenberg Heinrich II Jasomirgott the later split off from Austria. Nine days later, the Privilegium Minus certificate is drawn up.
Eastern Europe and the Caucasus
- Giorgi III. becomes King of Georgia .
- The construction of the Moscow fortress on the edge of his territory, ordered by Prince Yuri Dolgoruki , has been completed.
First documentary mentions
- First documentary mention of the later imperial city Schwäbisch Hall as well as Cottbus , Staden , Calfreisen , Flerden , Maladers , Masein , Samedan and Urmein
- May 14 : Arnold II von Wied , Archbishop of Cologne , dies in Xanten. Then there is a controversial election of bishops in Cologne. While the prior college elects the Bonn provost Gerhard von Are , the younger canons elect Friedrich II von Berg as archbishop. Finally, the two parties quarrel three days before Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa in Nuremberg, who then postpones his decision to a new day in Regensburg. Here he confirms Frederick II as the new Archbishop of Cologne, immediately gives him the regalia and sends him immediately to Rome for episcopal ordination.
Date of birth saved
Exact date of birth unknown
- Gottfried II. , Count of Ziegenhain († around 1200 )
- Hōjō Masako , mother of the Japanese shoguns Minamoto no Yoriie and Minamoto no Sanetomo († 1225 )
- Magnus V , King of Norway († 1184 )
Born around 1156
- Mathilde Plantagenet , Duchess of Saxony and Bavaria († 1189 )
- Al-Āmidī , Islamic scholar († 1233 )
- Bona of Pisa , Catholic Augustinian terniar and mystic († 1207 )
Date of death secured
- January 17th : André de Montbard , Grand Master of the Templar Order (* around 1103 )
- January 31 : Hermann von Horn , Bishop of Utrecht
- March 9 : Alexander von Plock, Bishop of Plock
- May 7th : Ratibor I. , Duke of Pomerania-Schlawe-Stolp
- May 14 : Arnold II von Wied , Archbishop of Cologne (* around 1098 )
- May 19 : Heinrich I , Bishop of Minden
- July 20 : Toba , Tennō of Japan (* 1103 )
- July 30th : Ala ad-Din Atsiz , Khorezm Shah from the Anushteginid dynasty
- August 4th : Otto V. , Count of Scheyern (* 1083 )
- August 11 : Fujiwara no Yorinaga , Japanese minister (* 1120 )
- August 12th : Blanka of Navarre , Queen of Castile
- September 20 : Hermann von Stahleck , Count Palatine near Rhine
- November 22nd : Heinrich I. von Tecklenburg , Count of Tecklenburg (* around 1115 )
- December 25 : Peter the Venerable , Abbot of Cluny, theologian and monastic reformer (* 1092 / 1094 )
Exact date of death unknown
- February: Domenico Morosini , 37th Doge of Venice
- June: Wilhelm von Poitiers , English prince, eldest son of Henry II of England (* 1153 )
- Gilbert de Gant, 1st Earl of Lincoln , English nobleman (* around 1120 )
- Mas'ud I , Seljuk Sultan of Rum
- Minamoto no Tameyoshi , Japanese samurai (* 1096 )
- Mohammed I , Seljuk ruler of Kerman
- Niphont , Bishop of Novgorod
- Poppo I. , Count of Reichenbach