|Canton :||Graubünden (GR)|
|Political community :||Arosa|
|Postal code :||7027|
|former BFS no. :||3922|
|Area :||5.13 km²|
|Residents:||66 (December 31, 2012)|
|Population density :||13 inhabitants per km²|
coat of arms
Calfreisen is located in Schanfigg , five kilometers (as the crow flies) east of Chur . The rural village extends on a slope on the rugged northern side of the valley, a good 500 m above the Plessur and 130 m above the Schanfiggerstrasse . The former municipal area comprises a narrow strip between the deeply cut gorges of Calfreiser Tobel in the west and Castieler Tobel in the east; it extends from the course of the river up to the Hochwangkette , which forms the northern border of the territory from the Montalin ( ) over the Ful mountain (2395 m). On the ridge between Ful Berg and Hochwang, the highest point in the former municipality is reached at 2429 m.
Of the entire former municipal area of 517 hectares, 256 hectares are used for agricultural purposes (mostly alpine farms), 155 hectares of forest and wood, 97 hectares of unproductive area (mostly mountains) and 9 hectares of settlement area.
The place mentioned in 1156 as Caureisene belonged in the three leagues to the Ausserschanfigg court of the ten-court league.
The former community has always been a small community and has always had fewer than a hundred residents. Between 1808 and 1850 the population grew strongly (1808-1850: +72%). It then fell for two decades, almost returning to its 1850 level in 1880. A strong wave of emigration followed between 1880 and 1941 (1880–1941: −60%). This was followed by ten years of growth and then a decade of stagnation. Between 1960 and 1980 there was a second wave of emigration. The population fell to a low of only 34 people. Since 1990 the number of inhabitants has hovered around the 50 mark.
Until the 16th century, the residents of the community spoke Romansh . Since then, Calfreisen has belonged to the German-speaking area. The table below illustrates this:
|languages||1980 census||1990 census||2000 census|
|number||proportion of||number||proportion of||number||proportion of|
In 1990 one person (= 1.85%) stated French as their main language.
Religions - denominations
Calfreisen is one of those former communities in the canton of Graubünden that accepted the new (evangelical-reformed) teaching. In 2000 there were 93% Evangelical Reformed and 2% Roman Catholic Christians. 5% of the residents did not provide any information about their creed.
Origin - nationality
Of the 51 residents at the end of 2004, 46 are Swiss citizens. At the last census, 89% were Swiss nationals. The few immigrants all came from Germany.
Last mayor was Jürg spokesman.
Agriculture still dominates in Calfreisen. There are no larger businesses, village shops or inns.
The former municipality is connected to the public transport network with the Calfreisen junction of the Chur – Peist post bus line . Individual courses go to the village by appointment.
The ruins of Bernegg Castle lie on a promontory on the southern outskirts .
- Erwin Poeschel : The art monuments of the canton Graubünden II. The valleys of Herrschaft, Prättigau, Davos, Schanfigg, Churwalden, Albula valley (= art monuments of Switzerland. Volume 9). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1937; unchangeable Reprint 1957, .
- Jürg Hassler: Field name map of the communities Calfreisen, Castiel and Lüen. Edited by Georg Jäger / Association for Bündner Kulturforschung and the Walservereinigung Graubünden. Association for Bündner Kulturforschung, Chur 2004, OCLC 716400607 ; Maps for this, OCLC 808120550 .
- The municipalities of the canton of Graubünden. Chur / Zurich 2003, ISBN 3-7253-0741-5 .
- Peter Masüger: From Old Rhaeto-Romanic to “Tschalfiggerisch”. In: Terra Grischuna . 48th year, issue 1, Terra Grischuna Verlag, Chur 1990, , pp. 20-22.
- Christian Patt, Martin Schmid: Schanfigger Words - A supplement to the Davos dictionary. Walservereinigung Graubünden publisher, Chur 1986, .
- Hans Danuser / Walser Association Graubünden (ed.): Old ways in Schanfigg. Publishing house Walser Association Graubünden, Splügen 1997, .
- Emil Rud: The Schanfigg. Buchdruckerei AG Arosa, Arosa 1930, OCLC 887643154 .
- Carl Fischer, Fritz Egger, Carl Egger: Land and people in the Schanfigg valley. Manatschal Ebner & Cie., Chur 1905 OCLC 77710190 .