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Arosa coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : canton of Grisonscanton of Grisons Graubünden (GR)
Region : Plessure
BFS no. : 3921i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 7027 Calfreisen
7027 Castiel
7027 Lüen
7028 St. Peter
7028 Pagig
7029 Peist
7050 Arosa
7056 Molinis
7057 Langwies
7058 Litzirüti
Coordinates : 771 390  /  183803 coordinates: 46 ° 47 '0 "  N , 9 ° 41' 0"  O ; CH1903:  771,390  /  183803
Height : 1775  m above sea level M.
Height range : 712–2979 m above sea level M.
Area : 154.79  km²
Residents: 3131 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 20 inhabitants per km²
Location of the municipality
Mapraggsee Heidsee Urdensee Grünsee (Arosa) Davosersee Obersee (Arosa) Untersee (Arosa) Stausee Arosa Kanton St. Gallen Region Albula Region Viamala Region Imboden Region Albula Region Landquart Region Prättigau/Davos Chur Churwalden Tschiertschen-Praden Arosa HaldensteinMap of Arosa
About this picture
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Arosa is a political municipality and a holiday and recreation resort in the Plessur region of the Swiss canton of Graubünden . The highest settlement in Schanfigg is a well-known former climatic health resort and has been part of the expanded Arosa Lenzerheide ski area with 225 kilometers of slopes since the beginning of 2014 .

Political municipality of Arosa

Since the merger that came into force on January 1, 2013, the political municipality of Arosa comprises the area of ​​the former municipalities of Arosa, Calfreisen , Castiel , Langwies , Lüen , Molinis , Peist and the former merged municipality of St. Peter-Pagig . The municipal area covers 15,479 ha with a boundary length of 79.46 km. The highest point is the Aroser Rothorn at 2980.2  m , the lowest point is at 711  m below the Calfreisertobel viaduct in the Plessur . The consolidated population at the end of 2014 was 3,247. At the end of 2018, the population was still 3,131. This makes Arosa the smallest member of the Swiss Association of Cities in terms of population . World icon

Legislative is a 14-member municipal parliament. At its constituent meeting on January 24, 2013, the plenum appointed Ludwig Waidacher junior as the first President of Parliament for a period of one year. His deputy was Peister Andrea Hagmann, who in turn took over the presidency in 2014. In 2015 Markus Guler (Arosa) held the office, since the beginning of 2016 Martin Michael (St. Peter). The public parliamentary sessions are held alternately in all former municipalities. The president of the five-person, departmental municipal board is Lorenzo Schmid from Arosa , while Peter Bircher from Lüen is the vice-president. The headquarters of the municipal administration is Arosa, there is a branch in St. Peter .

Neighboring communities are Alvaneu , Conters im Prättigau , Davos , Fideris , Furna , Jenaz , Klosters , Lantsch / Lenz , Maladers , Schmitten , Trimmis , Tschiertschen-Praden and Vaz / Obervaz .

coat of arms

Historical aerial photo from 1900 m by Walter Mittelholzer from 1927
The Erzhorn , Arosa's unofficial heraldic mountain

Blazon : in blue, a silver mountain with two identical peaks raised by golden sunshine . ( French : d'azur au mont d'argent à deux pointes surmonté d'un soleil rayonnant d'or. )

The municipal coat of arms was designed by Paul Ganz , an art historian at the University of Basel and Friedrich Pieth , a history teacher at the Cantonal School in Chur . After detailed examination by other experts, it was adopted by a municipal council resolution of December 12, 1934 and at the municipal vote of February 22, 1935 with 218 votes to 81. The sun is considered a heraldic symbol. The Zweiberg indicates the altitude of the mountain community, the mining between the 14th and 15th centuries and the resort with summer and winter seasons. The sky is blue; the combination of blue and yellow indicates that it previously belonged to the ten-court federation.

The idea that the stylized, double-pointed mountain is the Erzhorn , one of the mountains that surround the Arosa basin , is quite widespread - but officially incorrect .

Arosa village


Arosa seen from the south ( Schafrügg ), with Obersee, Untersee and reservoir

Arosa is 15 km (as the crow flies) south-east of Chur at the end of the Schanfigger Valley. The approximately 3 km wide, at 1700  m above sea level. M. to 1900  m preferred trough of Talschlusses is surrounded on all sides by mountains. The municipality includes the catchment area of ​​the upper reaches of the Plessur with the exception of the Welschtobel , which flows in from the south, and is therefore in the shape of a horseshoe. In the west, the municipal boundary runs from the Aroser Weisshorn ( 2653  m ) to the south via Carmenna , Plattenhorn , Hörnli and Tschirpen to the Parpaner Weisshorn ( 2824  m ) and then over the Parpaner Rothorn ( 2861  m ) to the Aroser Rothorn ( 2980  m ). It then leads on the northeast ridge of the Rothorn to the Erzhorn ( 2924  m ) and Älpliseehorn ( 2725  m ), so that the headwaters of the Plessur with the Aroser Alp , Älplisee ( 2156  m ) and Schwellisee ( 1933  m ) are semicircular. After crossing the Welschtobelbach at 1659  m , the border rises to the ridge of the Leidflue ( 2560  m ), encompasses several remote valley chambers and reaches over the striking Sandhubel ( 2764  m ) at the Valbellahorn ( 2763  m ) above the Alteinsee ( 2251  m ) southeasternmost point of the territory. The following section - the border against the Davos landscape - is divided into several mountain groups by the Alteiner , Bärentaler and Maienfelder Furgga pass crossings ; the highest mountains are the Amselflue ( 2781  m ), the Furggahorn ( 2727  m ) and the advanced Schiesshorn ( 2605  m ).

The village of Arosa stretches for around 2 km, with the current settlement focus on the Unter and Obersee ( 1739  m ). The lowest house is in Rütland at 1550  m , the highest at Ifang at 1960  m . The reservoir is located below the village area. A third landscape defining element adjacent to the lakes and the rim of the mountains is the approximately 1900  m extending timber line : Western Village prevail pastures and extensive scree before, downhill, where the Plessur to Talenge of Litzirüti length of 4 km by 300 m eintieft , dominates the closed coniferous forest.

In 1997, 42.0% of the municipal area was used for agriculture, the forest took up 15.2%, the settlements 3.1%. 39.7% were considered unproductive.


The annual mean temperature is 3.6 ° C, with the coldest monthly mean temperatures of −3.6 ° C in February and the warmest mean monthly temperatures of 11.9 ° C in July. On average, around 183 frost days and 77 ice days are to be expected here. There are summer days on an annual mean of 0.1, i.e. statistically every 10 years. No hot days were recorded in the normal period 1981–2010. The MeteoSwiss weather station is located at an altitude of 1878  m above sea level. M.

Arosa, 1981-2010
Climate diagram
J F. M. A. M. J J A. S. O N D.
Temperature in ° Cprecipitation in mm
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Arosa, 1981–2010
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) −0.3 0.1 2.6 5.5 10.7 14.1 16.8 16.2 12.6 9.2 3.1 0.2 O 7.6
Min. Temperature (° C) −6.1 −6.6 −4.5 −1.6 2.9 5.8 8.2 8.2 5.3 2.4 −2.6 −5.3 O 0.5
Temperature (° C) −3.4 −3.6 −1.5 1.5 6.4 9.5 11.9 11.5 8.3 5.3 −0.1 −2.7 O 3.6
Precipitation ( mm ) 86 79 92 96 119 152 163 170 124 88 106 90 Σ 1,365
Hours of sunshine ( h / d ) 3.5 4.1 4.5 4.7 5.1 5.3 6.3 5.8 5.1 4.6 3.3 2.8 O 4.6
Rainy days ( d ) 11.2 9.7 12.5 12.4 13.7 15.1 13.8 13.9 11.0 9.4 11.7 11.3 Σ 145.7
Humidity ( % ) 68 69 73 74 75 76 75 77 77 70 71 70 O 72.9
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


The Egga with a local museum , the historic center of Arosa

The first known settlements existed in the 13th century. After 1300 , German-speaking Walser people from Davos settled in Arosa (mentioned as Araus in 1330 ) and over time displaced the original Rhaeto-Romanic settlers who, however, only used the high-lying area as alpine pastures . In the following centuries, the Arosa population lived from alpine cattle farming. Due to sometimes difficult climatic conditions and the associated economic hardship of the local farmers, extensive alpine pastures were sold to foreign landowners over time: the Sattelalp to the community of Chur, the Furggaalp to the community of Maienfeld , the Alp Altein Tiefenberg to communities in the central Albula valley . In 1481 the largely sterile Welschtobel , which has been part of the municipality of Alvaneu since then , was sold.

Arosa remained a remote farming village well into the 19th century. There was no road through the narrow Plessur valley to Chur. The most important connection to the outside world were the arduous pass routes to Davos, to which Arosa belonged as a neighborhood politically until 1851 . From 1851, Arosa was now an independent municipality and part of the newly formed district of Schanfigg . In 1850 the population had dropped to 52 inhabitants. Around 1870, the first so-called summer visitors from the region and Switzerland spent their summer vacation in private accommodation in Arosa. The upswing began in 1883 when Arosa was discovered as a climatic health resort by the German doctor Otto Herwig , who was cured of a lung disease in Davos . Already in 1888 he opened the first sanatorium together with his sister .

With the extension of Schanfiggerstrasse in 1890 from Langwies to Arosa, another significant upswing began, and a whole series of sanatoriums, health centers and hotels were added within a short time. In 1893, the Grand Hotel (today Robinson Club ) was the first upscale accommodation for winter sports guests. In 1897 the Arosa power station went into operation. From 1900 the importance of winter sports increased steadily; From then on, the Schanfiggerstrasse was used as a bobsleigh run between Arosa and Litzirüti , and the first horse races took place on the frozen Obersee . Between 1907 and 1909 the Catholic , English and Arosa village churches were built . In 1911 the Maran farm was incorporated into the Arosa municipality. In the same year, the Tomelischanze, the first permanent ski jump, was set up.

The climatic health resort of Arosa around 1900 with Otto Herwig's Berghilf Sanatorium (top left) and the first larger hotels

The opening of the Chur – Arosa Railway in 1914 made it possible for Arosa to develop into a real world health resort , despite the difficult environment in the middle of the First World War . This was accompanied by a far-reaching redesign and redesign of the old Walser settlement , which largely lost its original character and the traditional Walser language . In 1938, the Carmenna , Weisshorn and Tschuggen lifts were the first to go into operation. In 1945, the Hörnlilift followed , at that time the longest ski lift in Switzerland. At the same time - supported by the discovery and increasing prescription of penicillin for lung diseases - Arosa's transformation from a health resort to a holiday and sports resort was accelerated. Various clinics, such as the forest sanatorium , ceased operations or were converted into hotels.

The year 1956 saw the opening of the Weisshornbahn , 1960 that of the Hörnlibahn . More ski lifts, chairlifts and gondola lifts soon followed . A connecting cable car to the Lenzerheide ski area was built in 2013, which means a significant expansion of the winter sports offer that is now being marketed together with that of Lenzerheide.


Population development
year 1750 1850 1900 1930 1941 1970 1980 2000 2005 2010 2012 2015 2018
Residents 125 56 1071 3466 1980 2717 2782 2771 2271 2251 3310 3205 3131


Tourist village center behind the former agricultural Walser house "Jöri Jenny" in the Seegrube

Arosa has long been one of the best-known tourist destinations in Switzerland, and the locals now live almost exclusively from tourism . With around 4,500 guest beds in hotels and a further 8,000 in holiday apartments, almost one million overnight stays are achieved every year. "Arosa Tourism", under the direction of Pascal Jenny, endeavors to achieve a balanced relationship between summer and winter overnight stays. Since 2003, guests have been able to use the Arosa mountain railways free of charge in summer. This then unique concept won the Milestone and has been copied by other destinations since then. Among other things, a multimedia water feature ("water organ") on the Obersee has been providing entertainment for summer guests since 2003.

The Arosa Humor Festival has been held every year since 1991 , at which well-known artists from home and abroad perform and receive awards. Rebecca Carrington , Gerhard Polt and Malediva were among the winners .

The WSF World Spirit Forum has been held in Arosa every January since 2004 . On the international platform for thought leaders and spiritual leaders, people from the fields of politics, business, science, religion, culture and society work on the global issues of our time.

The year 2005 saw the premiere of the Arosa Gay Skiweek , one of the largest homosexual winter sports events in Europe.

Arosa has been part of the Alpine Pearls , an international cooperation of 29 tourism destinations in the Alps, since 2006 .

Another attraction can be found on a hiking trail along Arosa's “local mountain”, the Tschuggen : As a result of many years of (forbidden) nut feeding by tourists, almost tame squirrels live there , and they may climb a hiker's trouser leg or jump on their shoulders.

Overview of the Arosa ski area

Arosa is also the starting point of the Schanfigger Höhenweg and stage of the "Mittelbünden Panoramaweg" from Lenzerheide to Davos.

Thanks to prepared winter hiking trails through the ski area, skiers and non-skiers can meet in the area.



Arosa station with headquarters of the Arosa Bergbahnen (left)

Arosa station is the terminus of the Chur – Arosa railway line opened in 1914 by the Rhaetian Railway . From 1997 to 2007 a special tourist train set, the Arosa Express , operated on this route .

The Schanfiggerstrasse , which runs above the Arosabahn and was completed in 1890, ends at Eggahuus in Innerarosa at around 1880  m .

From 1932 to 1936, Arosa had its own airfield on the Obersee in winter .

It is hoped that the St. Luzibrücke at the entrance to the Schanfigg will shorten the time on the road , which would bypass the city of Chur. However, a contribution from the federal government is not expected before 2014, since it currently considers the cost-benefit ratio to be insufficient. Along with Langwies, Arosa would be a possible starting point for a currently visionary railway connection between Schanfigg and the Davos landscape .


For decades, Arosa has hosted national and international sporting events, initially particularly in bobsleigh , skiing , horse riding and ice sports . From 1951 to 1965 Arosa was part of the Swiss jumpers' tour . In 1978 the Ski World Cup finals were held here, followed by other corresponding ski races in the following decade. In 2002 the Swiss Alpine Ski Championships took place in Arosa , and in 2007 the Snowboard World Championships . In 2008 , 2011 (finals) and 2013 the Snowboard World Cup , in 2014, 2015 and 2016 the Ski Cross World Cup took place here.

Every year in September, a car race for classic racing cars takes place on Schanfiggerstrasse between the Säge Langwies and the Obersee - the Arosa ClassicCar - and inspires thousands of spectators. Between 1897 and 1935, the Arosa bobsleigh run was located on the Schwarzsee - Litzirüti section of the road .

In 2011, the unofficial snow soccer world championship was held for the first time under the name Arosa IceSnowFootball . From 2012 to 2015 the site was the venue for the international ice hockey tournament Arosa Challenge . The Swiss Irontrail , which was held for the first time in July 2012 , has been leading from Urdenfürggli - Hörnlihütte via Carmenna - Weisshorn to Arosa and from there via Medergen - Sapün - Strelapass to Davos . The last competitions of the Orienteering World Cup 2015 took place in Arosa from October 2nd to 4th, 2015 .

The Arosa Ski Club, founded in 1903, is one of the oldest, largest and most successful snow sports clubs in Switzerland. Arosa is also home to the EHC Arosa , founded in 1924 , a nine-time Swiss champion who currently plays in the third-highest league . Its home is the Arosa Sports and Congress Center (SKZA) . The football club FC Arosa, founded in 1990, plays in the 5th division . The Arosa floorball club also plays in the 5th division of its sport. Since 1995 he has been holding the 7eck Cup every year at the Ochsenbühl sports complex, the world's largest open-air floorball tournament with 168 participating teams and 1,500 players.

Town twinning


Arosa sports and congress center

The official publication organ is the weekly Aroser Zeitung .

Thomas Mann spent the first weeks of his exile in Arosa. Other well-known writers with a closer connection to Arosa are Hermann Hesse , Christian Morgenstern , Hans Morgenthaler , Theodor Däubler , Felix Moeschlin , Hans Roelli , Brigitte Kronauer and Eckhard Henscheid .

The history of Arosa and the entire valley community is processed in the Schanfigger Heimatmuseum and made accessible to the public. Among other things, various copies of the traditional Arosa sledge are on display there.

Various legends are at home in the area around the village . For example the saga of the Wunschhöhle near Arosa , the saga of the Carmenna-Küher , the saga of the Gottlobstein at the Carmennapass , the saga of the bottomless Schwarzsee , the saga of Tüüfelsch Ruobstei , the saga of the Urdensee or the saga of the Enchanted Castle .

Arosa hosted the country session of the Grisons Grand Council 2015 and the 19th International Walser Meeting from September 16 to 18, 2016.


Spa doctor Carl Rüedi , pioneer for the construction of the Arosa railway



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  • Schanfigg and Arosa (themed booklet with collection of articles). In: Terra Grischuna , 1/2011, Terra Grischuna Verlag, Chur 2011, ISSN  1011-5196 ; Table of contents online ( PDF; 51 kB ; the same topic previously in: Volume 39 (1980), No. 1; Volume 32 (1973), No. 1; Volume 24 (1965), No. 2).
  • Hans Danuser: Aroser place and field names. With the inclusion of the Welschtobel and some border areas of neighboring communities. Edited by the Institute for Cultural Research Graubünden. H. Danuser, Arosa (Acletta) 2011, ISBN 978-3-905342-49-9 ( book presentation ).
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  • Hans Danuser, Ruedi Homberger: Arosa and the Schanfigg. Self-published by Danuser / Homberger, Arosa 1988.
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  • Erwin Poeschel : The art monuments of the canton Graubünden II. The valleys of Herrschaft, Prättigau, Davos, Schanfigg, Churwalden, Albula valley (= art monuments of Switzerland. Volume 9). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1937, DNB 811066703 .
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  • Ferdinand Zai: The old Eggahaus in Arosa - a local museum for the Schanfigg valley. Fretz, Zurich 1944, OCLC 759220279 ; Self-published Association for Nature Conservation and Local Lore Arosa, Arosa 1945, OCLC 604113803 .
  • JB Casty: Memorandum on primary schooling in the municipality of Arosa, published on the occasion of the move into the new school complex at the Hubel in Arosa on November 11, 1928. Verlag Buchdruckerei AG Arosa, Arosa 1928 OCLC 759490924 .
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Paul Götz: The radiant climate of Arosa. Publishing house Jul.Springer , Berlin 1926, OCLC 14726595 .
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Web links

Commons : Arosa  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Commons : Walser houses in Arosa  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
  2. Four Swiss locations in the top ten - Arosa at the top. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
  3. Website of the Arosa Lenzerheide ski area. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  4. In five minutes from Arosa to Lenzerheide. In: January 17, 2014, accessed January 17, 2014 .
  5. Overview of the municipality of Arosa at
  6. Total of all populations, municipalities (municipal status 2012: 176 municipalities) ( Memento from February 2, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), (last) accessed on May 23, 2016.
  7. ^ Aroser newspaper . February 1, 2013, p. 1 ff.
  8. Southeastern Switzerland . January 25, 2014, p. 8.
  9. ^ Aroser newspaper. January 4, 2013, p. 10 f.
  10. ^ Wording according to the municipal council resolution of December 12, 1934.
  11. ^ Hans Danuser, Ruedi Homberger: Arosa and the Schanfigg. 1988, p. 91.
  12. Climate table. (PDF; 80 kB) In: meteoschweiz, accessed on July 4, 2020 .
  13. Short film "Crocket & Liegekur" on the climatic health resort of Arosa ( Memento from November 22, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  14. ^ Hans Danuser: Arosa. In: Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz ., Accessed on May 2, 2014.
  15. Short film “Filzpantoffeln & Orchester” on the historic holiday resort of Arosa ( Memento from November 22, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  16. Arosa is one of the top ten brands. In: May 30, 2014, accessed June 1, 2014 .
  17. Homepage Arosa Gay Skiweek. In: January 26, 2014, accessed January 26, 2014 .
  18. Holidays in Arosa with the mobility guarantee of the Alpine Pearls. Retrieved March 24, 2017 .
  19. Video clip 1 feeding on the Eichhörnli-Weg Arosa (1957)
  20. Video clip 2 feeding on the Eichhörnli-Weg Arosa (1957)
  21. Hiking Switzerland through the Schanfigg Graubünden
  22. Mountain Church
  23. ^ Catholic parish church of the Assumption
  24. ^ Reformed Church in Tschiertschen
  25. House on the Melchernen
  26. Post and telephone building
  27. Carmenna chairlift
  28. Reception building
  29. ↑ Pump room
  30. School and multi-purpose facility
  31. mai / sda: Around Chur. In: November 25, 2010, last accessed on May 24, 2016 (St. Luzibrücke approved, but funding unsecured).
  32. Jenny commissioned to work out a suitability and feasibility study for a Schanfigg - Davos rail tunnel from October 21, 2008.
  33. World Cup in Snow Football: Be careful, risk of slipping! In: January 23, 2014, accessed January 26, 2014 .
  34. Southeastern Switzerland. July 3, 2014, pp. 10, 12.
  35. Sportfreunde Stiller and Stefanie Heinzmann in Arosa. In: July 3, 2014, accessed July 12, 2014 .
  36. Elisabeth Mani-Heldstab: A work of the century, or is it?  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. In: Davos newspaper . May 2, 2014, p. 2, column 6 (PDF; 286 kB; accessed on May 24, 2016).@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  37. ^ Aroser newspaper. September 20, 2012, p. 5.
  38. ^ Caminada, Guido. In: Sikart , September 14, 2011, accessed August 18, 2015.