Calendar overview 1157
Florens III. becomes
Count of Holland .
Albrecht the Bear founds
the Mark Brandenburg .
|1157 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||605/606 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1700/01 (southern Buddhism); 1699/1700 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||64th (65th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||519/520 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||551/552 (February 12/13)|
|Jewish calendar||4917/18 (September 6-7)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1467/68 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1468/69 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1213/14 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world history
Holy Roman Empire
- On June 11th, Albrecht the Bear finally conquered Brandenburg Castle and thus founded the Mark Brandenburg .
- August 6th : Florens III. is after the death of his father Dietrich VI. Count of Holland .
- Friedrich I. Barbarossa buys the Burgwarde Leisnig and Colditz from the Bamberg monastery bailiff Rapoto von Abenberg , so the Pleißegau becomes the Pleißenland .
- At the Reichstag in Besançon (old German Bisanz) the papacy is pushed back: Pope Hadrian IV. The imperial chancellor translates word of the imperial crown as benefice as fief instead of beneficence . Pope Eugene III. must expressly declare after the papal legates withdrew that he did not see the imperial crown as a fiefdom and the emperor as a fiefdom holder.
- August 9th : In negotiations over the throne of Denmark , the three pretenders Sven III agree . , Knut V. and Waldemar I. on a division of the country. At the following banquet in Roskilde, however, Sven tries to get rid of the competition. When blood feast of Roskilde Knut is beheaded. Waldemar escapes the bloodbath, however, and defeats Sven on October 23 in the battle of the Grathe Hede . The latter is killed while trying to escape, so that Waldemar becomes the undisputed ruler in Denmark.
- In the fight between the two half-brothers Inge Krogrygg and Øystein Haraldsson for the throne of Norway , Øystein's troops refuse to go into battle because of insufficient pay. Øystein is killed on the run on August 21st . Inge Krogrygg is the sole ruler of Norway . The followers of Øystein rally around Håkon , the illegitimate son of Sigurd Munn , another brother, who was also killed by Inge in 1155 .
- August 21 : After the death of Alfonso VII of Castile and León , his kingdom is divided among his sons. Sancho III. becomes King of Castile, Ferdinand II. King of León.
First documentary mentions
- Duke Berthold IV von Zähringen founds the city of Friborg (Switzerland) to control the Burgundian nobility.
- First documented mention of Blaufelden , Brühl (Baden) , Entlebuch , Monheim am Rhein , Nausitz and Wieslet
- On May 29, near Tripoli in the county of Tripoli , the Belmont Monastery, the first Cistercian abbey outside of Europe, was founded.
Date of birth saved
- March 25 : Alfonso II of Aragon , King of Aragon († 1196 )
- September 8 : Alexander Neckam , English scientist and teacher († 1217 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Gottfried II of Arnsberg , Regent of the County of Arnsberg († 1235 )
- Leopold V , Duke of Austria and Styria († 1194 )
- Øystein Møyla , Norwegian counter-king of the Birkebeiner († 1177 )
Born around 1157
- Adolf von Altena , Archbishop of Cologne († 1220 )
- Al-Āmidī , Islamic scholar († 1233 )
- Tomoe Gozen , female Japanese warrior († around 1247 )
Date of death secured
- February 5th : Konrad I , Count of Wettin, Margrave of Meißen and Lausitz (* 1098 )
- February 19 : John III. , Bishop of Olomouc
- February 24th : Jon Birgisson , first Archbishop of Norway
- April 29 : Robert Gruthuysen , abbot of the Cistercian monastery Clairvaux (* before 1131)
- May 8 : Muizz ad-Dunya wa-d-Din Abu l-Harith Ahmad Sandschar , Sultan of the Seljuks (* 1084 or 1086 )
- May 15 : Yuri Dolgoruki , Prince of Rostov (* 1090 )
- August 6th : Dietrich VI. , Count of Holland (* around 1110 )
- August 9th : Knut V. Magnusson , anti-king to Sven III. in Jutland, Mitkönig in Denmark (* before 1130)
- August 16 : Ramiro II , King of Aragón (* around 1075 )
- August 19 : Guerric of Igny ., Cistercian, disciple of St. Bernard (* around 1070 / 80 )
- August 21 : Alfonso VII , King of Castile and León (* 1105 )
- August 21 : Øystein II. Haraldsson , Norwegian fellow-king (* 1125 )
- October 23 : Sven III. , King of Denmark (* before 1120)
- November 4th : Mathilde of Savoy , Queen of Portugal (* 1125 )
- November 11th : Hongzhi Zhengjue , Chinese Chan master of the Caodong school (* 1091 )
- November 20 : Fulk of Angoulême , Archbishop of Tire and Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem
Exact date of death unknown
- Eustace FitzJohn , Anglo-Norman nobleman
- Gérard von Sées , Bishop of Sées
- Henry FitzHenry , cambro-Norman nobleman (* around 1100 )
- Wilhelm von Malavalle , Italian hermit and ascetic (* around 1100 )