Calendar overview 1262
|Mengrai founds Chiang Rai as the capital of his kingdom Lan Na .||
Ottone Visconti becomes
Archbishop of Milan .
|1262 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||710/711 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1805/06 (southern Buddhism); 1804/05 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||65th (66th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||624/625 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||660/661 (New Year 14/15 November)|
|Jewish calendar||5022/23 (September 15/16)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1572/73 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1573/74 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1318/19 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- May 28 : The French heir to the throne Philippe marries Isabella of Aragón in Clermont in Auvergne . This is intended to consolidate the agreement between the two countries established in the Treaty of Corbeil in 1258 . Isabella initially planned wedding Partner Louis of France 's 1260 died at the age of just 16 years.
- September 14th : The Castilian King Alfonso X conquers the city of Cadiz , which has been in Moorish hands since 711 . He then expelled the Moors and settled Christian families living in his northern parts of the empire in the city .
- With Moroccan help from the Merinids , a Moorish revolt against the Christian Reconquistadores begins in Al-Andalus .
Holy Roman Empire
- March 8 : The battle of Hausbergen as part of the so-called Bellum Walterianum between the troops of Bishop Walter von Geroldseck and the citizens of Strasbourg ends with the victory of the numerically superior citizens over the bishop and is thus an important step towards the independence of the city from the bishopric of Strasbourg . The decisive factor here is the intervention of the town's foot troops, who are also supported by nobles under the leadership of Rudolf von Habsburg . As a result, the city developed into a free imperial city .
- After the death of the Styrian governor Wok von Rosenberg on June 3, the Bohemian King Přemysl Ottokar appointed the royal advisor Bruno von Schauenburg as his successor. As capitaneus Styrie , he initiated numerous administrative reforms and established secular and spiritual courts. He is also systematically pursuing the expansion of Leoben and Bruck an der Mur ordered by Přemysl Ottokar .
- Hermann von Henneberg took over the Waldenfels (an important customs and escort station) to protect the Georgenthal Monastery and appointed Eckehart von Hochheim as Vogt (until June 1265 ).
- When Mastino I della Scala was refused re-election as ruler of Verona , he forcibly took the lead in a coup d'état.
- Imola comes under the rule of Bologna .
- Rudolf von Habsburg begins to rebuild Ortenberg Castle as a residence.
England / France
- February 25th : Second war of the barons : Pope Urban IV. Removes the English King Heinrich III. in a bull of his oath on the Provisions of Oxford and Westminster . Heinrich then declares this to be invalid on May 2nd and threatens anyone who announces it with imprisonment.
- July 14 : Henry III. travels to France to indict his greatest adversary, Simon de Montfort , who is in exile , in his capacity as vassal of the French king. The French King Louis IX. however, refuses to convict de Montfort after his attempts at mediation have failed.
- October: Simon de Montfort returns to England from his exile.
- Several English nobles use the king's absence for minor uprisings and briefly occupy Gloucester Castle, among other things . The Welsh prince Llywelyn ap Gruffydd also attacks the Welsh Marches again . Heinrich returns to England on December 20th, weakened by a serious illness.
- After the death of Mathilde II , her daughter Jolanthe of Burgundy becomes Countess of Nevers and Countess of Auxerre and Tonnerre .
- With the so-called old contract (Icelandic: gamli sáttmáli ) the dependence Islands of Norway established. The Duke Gissur , appointed by Norway, takes power in the country. Although this is actually stated differently in the treaty, the Norwegian krone intervenes very quickly in Icelandic life, jurisdiction and administration.
- January: al-Hākim I from the house of the Abbasids , who was made caliph of Aleppo by Aqqush al-Burli last year , travels to Cairo to the court of the Mamluk ruler Baibars I after the death of his rival al-Mustansir II. in the hope of being recognized by him as a caliph. Instead, he is imprisoned in the Cairo Citadel . On November 17th , Baibars released him for a short time and now pays homage to him as the new caliph, albeit without any powers. With this move, Baibars wants to consolidate his alliance against the Ilkhane under Hülegü with the Golden Horde under Berke Khan . Al-Hākim will de facto continue to be held as a prisoner in the citadel for the next 30 years.
Other events in Asia
- Mengrai founded Chiang Rai as the capital of the new Kingdom of Lan Na in what is now Thailand .
- A war breaks out between the two Mongol empires of the Golden Horde under Berke Khan and the Persian Ilchanate under Hülegü .
City rights and first documentary mentions
- June 29 : Kcynia receives large Polish Duke Boleslaw the Pious , the city charter by Magdeburg Law .
- The Portuguese municipalities of Tarouca , Terena and Tolosa received city rights as part of a municipal reform , and the consecration of the church in Meinedo made the village independent.
- The family of the Stauffenbergs is first mentioned in a document.
- Boiensdorf , Burghaun and Hoisbüttel , Filisur (as villa Fallisour ), Inkwil , Korolewo , Merzligen , Pfaffenrot , Prosigk , Rödern , Saicourt and Wengi are first mentioned in a document.
- Louis IX of France orders that the "tournoses" minted in royal mints (according to the mint in Tours ) are valid throughout the kingdom.
- Siena has a drying mill .
science and technology
- Armenian illumination : Toros Roslin paints the miniature Leon III. with his wife .
- Adam de la Halle writes the Laubenspiel , a farce in which the bourgeoisie is mocked.
- February: Pope Urban IV exempts Albertus Magnus in Orvieto from his position as Bishop of Regensburg at his request . Leo Thundorfer is then unanimously elected as the new bishop by the cathedral chapter. Leo tries aggressively to bind the monasteries closer to the Hochstift.
- May 22nd : Henricus de Segusio is appointed Cardinal Bishop of Ostia by Pope Urban IV .
- July 22nd : Ottone Visconti is appointed Archbishop of Milan by Urban IV as successor to Leone da Perego , in order to strengthen Rome's position vis-à-vis the Church of Milan and the della Torre family , who are leaders of the popular party, the Popolaren Time controlled the city . Martino della Torre , de facto ruler of the city since 1256, opposes the appointment and banishes Ottone so that he cannot take over the archbishopric for 15 years.
- Raimondo della Torre , who so far held the chair of the Archbishop of Milan without having been confirmed by the Pope , is elevated to Bishop of Como .
- One of the largest churches in Cologne , the Dominican Church, is consecrated.
Date of birth saved
- baptized April 2 : William Cantilupe, 1st Baron Cantilupe , English nobleman († 1308 )
- May 6 : John Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings , English nobleman and military man, Senschall of Gascon and aspirant to the Scottish throne († 1313 )
- July 25 : Arthur II , Duke of Brittany and Count of Penthièvre, Count of Montfort and Vice-Count of Limoges († 1312 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Gottfried VI. , Count of Ziegenhain († 1304 )
- Guan Daosheng , Chinese painter, calligrapher and poet († 1319 )
- Ladislaus IV , King of Hungary, Croatia, Dalmatia and Rama († 1290 )
- Takatsukasa Kanetada , Japanese regent († 1301 )
Born around 1262
- Elisabeth of Carinthia, Gorizia and Tyrol , Duchess of Austria and Styria, elected Roman-German Queen († 1313 )
- John II , Emperor and Grand Commander of Trebizond († 1297 )
First half of the year
- January 1st : Bonfilius Monaldi , Italian saint, founder of the Servite Order (* 1176 )
- March 1st : Riccardo di Montecassino , Italian Benedictine, Abbot of Montecassino and Cardinal of the Roman Church
- April 21 : Ibn al-Adim , Aleppine historian (* 1192 or 1193 )
- to May 18 : John of Climping , Bishop of Chichester (* before 1200)
- 3rd June : Wok von Rosenberg , Supreme Marshal of the Kingdom of Bohemia, captain and district judge for the district of the Enns and governor of Styria (* around 1210 )
Second half of the year
- July 13 : Henry of Wingham , Lord Chancellor of England and Bishop of London
- July 15 : Richard de Clare, 5th Earl of Gloucester and 5th Earl of Hertford, English magnate (* 1222 )
- August: Rukn ad-Din Ismail , ruler of Mosul
- 13 / August 15 : Siboto Seefeld , Bishop of Augsburg
- August 14th : Otto von der Mark , Count von Altena and Provost in Aachen and Maastricht
- October 21 : Aymo von Grandson , Bishop of Geneva
- December 10th : Berthold von Pfirt , Bishop of Basel
Exact date of death unknown
- between July and November: Peter de Rivallis , English courtier and civil servant
- Alan , Bishop of Argyll
- Kristin Håkonsdatter , Norwegian princess, member of the Spanish royal family by marriage (* 1234 )
- Heinrich , Bishop of Chiemsee
- Mathilde II , mistress of Bourbon and countess of Nevers, Auxerre and Tonnerre (* around 1234 )
- Morta Mindaugienė , Queen of Lithuania (* around 1210 / 1215 )
- Baldwin de Redvers, 7th Earl of Devon , English nobleman, Lord of the Isle of Wight (* 1236 )
- Rudolf I , Bishop of Schwerin
Died around 1262
- Ulrich I. , Styrian Ministerial