Beatrix of Este

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Beatrix of Este

Beatrix von Este (* 1215 ; † 1245 ) was Queen of Hungary through her marriage to Andreas II .


Beatrix von Este was the daughter of Margrave Aldobrandino I of Este (* 1190; † 1215). She lost her parents early and was brought up at the court of her uncle Azzo VII. Count von Este. She met her (future) husband in 1233 when he was on a pilgrimage in Italy . Beatrix was a very beautiful and attractive young woman, with whom the now aging king fell head over heels in love.

After the king's first two wives, Gertrud von Andechs († 1213) and Jolante von Courtenay († 1233) died, Beatrix was married on May 14, 1234 to King Andrew II, who was almost forty years his senior in Hungary. It was a brilliant wedding, in which a large part of the European high nobility took part. The wedding took place in the St. Mary's Basilica of Stuhlweissenburg . The heir to the throne (later King Béla IV ) and his siblings were opposed to this decision to marry the king .

The marriage lasted only a short time, as Andreas II died after 16 months. When Beatrix announced that she was pregnant after the king's death, Béla IV accused her of adultery and of having conceived the child from a courtier. She was incarcerated as a prisoner of the king. On the day of Andreas II's funeral, an imperial delegation appeared (on behalf of Emperor Friedrich II ), which enabled her to flee to Germany . She came to Wehrda (which at that time belonged to Thuringia ) and gave birth to her son Stephan Posthumus (* 1236 - 10 April 1271), the future Duke of Slavonia , who was only born after his father's death. Stephan Posthumus ( Hungarian István ) later became the father of Andreas III. the last Hungarian king from the house of the Arpad .

The Hungarian royal throne was inherited by his older half-brother Béla IV. The young widow only survived her husband by ten years. After giving birth, she withdrew to Este and ate the bread of grace of the popes . She died in 1245 in Gemola Monastery (near Baone ), which was founded by her aunt Beatrice I. d'Este and where she was buried. Beatrix was only 30 years old.

Pedigree table

Azzo VI. d'Este (1170--18 November 1212)

1. Marriage in 1189 with Elisa Sophia Aldobrandini († 1192)

  • Aldobrandino I. d'Este (* 1190 - † October 2, 1215) ∞?
    • Beatrix d'Este (* 1215; † 1245), Queen of Hungary ∞ on May 14, 1234 with Andrew II of Hungary
      • Stephan Posthumus (* 1236; † 1271), Duke of Slavonia ∞ (2nd marriage) with Thomasina Morosini (* around 1250; † around 1300)
        • Andreas III . King of Hungary (around 1265 - 14 January 1301)

2nd marriage in 1192 to Sophia of Savoy (* 1165; † 1202)

3rd marriage on February 22, 1204 to Alice Chatillon (* 1180)

  • Constanza

Report from the Chronica de Gestis Hungarorum (the Hungarian illustrated chronicle by Markus von Kált from 1358)

When King Andrew II, the father of King Bela IV. And Prince Koloman, after his death or more correctly: after the murder of his first wife , as it was told above, on behalf of the Church, moved across the sea to the Holy Land , to recapture the tomb of the Lord , he triumphed there gloriously, and returned home happy and with honor. He also came to Italy. It now happened that he was once well entertained by the Margrave of Este. The margrave knew that the king was widowed; therefore he introduced his beautiful and richly adorned daughter to the king. The king saw that the girl was beautiful, and his eyes pleased her, and since he wanted to get married anyway, he married this young lady on the same day and took her with him to Hungary.

After the death of King Andrew, the queen wanted to return to her relatives. So she called the greats of the Kingdom of Hungary, the archbishops and bishops, and she showed them obvious evidence that she was of a blessed body, and so she returned to her land of Estonia. There she gave birth to a son with her father, who was named Stephan when he was baptized.


Individual evidence

  1. a b Wertner: p. 424 f. (see literature)
  2. a b c Magyar életrajzi lexikon, ("Hungarian Biographical Lexicon"), Budapest 1981, ISBN 963-05-2498-8 , p. 152 (Hungarian).
  3. Frederick II came from Italy to the funeral celebrations for Andreas II in Hungary.
  4. Dezső Dümmerth: Az Árpádok nyomában. Budapest 1977, ISBN 963-243-224-X , p. 402 (Hungarian).
  5. Gertrud von Andechs is meant
  6. Beatrix was not the daughter but the niece of Azzo VII.
  7. The marriage took place later in Hungary. (see above)
  8. a b Hungarian Picture Chronicle, p. 240 (see literature). The Hungarian Illustrated Chronicle is a historical document that has several inaccuracies.
  9. Stephan Posthumus was not born in Italy, but in Germany.
predecessor Office successor
Jolante by Courtenay Queen of Hungary
Maria Laskaris of Nicaea