Calendar overview 1316
|Louis X leads to a problematic succession situation in France .|
|1316 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||764/765 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||5th tubes - Macuilli Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 4th Rabbit - Nahui Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1859/60 (southern Buddhism); 1858/59 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||678/679 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||715/716 (turn of the year 25/26 March)|
|Jewish calendar||5076/77 (September 17/18)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1626/27 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1627/28 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1372/73|
Politics and world events
- On June 5th, King Louis X. the brawler died suddenly of a fever in Vincennes Castle, leaving behind a problematic line of succession in France and Navarre . At the time of his death, he left behind his daughter Johanna and his pregnant wife Clementine of Hungary . Ludwig's brother Philipp takes over the reign in July. In doing so, he displaces the three-member Regency Council around his uncles Karl von Valois , Ludwig von Évreux and his younger brother Karl von La Marche , whom the king appointed before his death. At the same time, he contests Joan's right of inheritance in France , while her uncle Odo of Burgundy succeeds in obtaining his approval for female inheritance in Navarre and the county of Champagne .
- On November 15, the queen widow gives birth to the new king John I , for whom Philip is to continue to rule, but the young king dies just four days after his birth. Philip then makes preparations to be crowned King of France and, in breach of his agreement with Odo, also King of Navarre.
Holy Roman Empire
- With the death of Hermann II von Lohn , the line of noble lords of Lohn died out in the male line. The rule of Lohn fell to the noblemen of Ahaus, who sold them to the Prince-Bishop of Münster, Ludwig, Landgrave of Hesse , in the same year . Since Geldern also has rights to the rule of wages, the Bredevoort feud begins in 1319 .
- August: In the Battle of Gransee during the North German Margrave War for the rule of Stargard, the troops of the warring factions meet near Gransee . These are on the one hand the allied troops of the Principality of Mecklenburg , the rule Werle and the Kingdom of Denmark and on the other hand the troops of the Mark Brandenburg . Waldemar the Great's cavalry army is subject to the foot troops of the Mecklenburg-Danish alliance.
- Johann von Böhmen sees himself forced to give the high nobility in Bohemia a greater share of power, which ends in a civil war.
- February 10 : Grand Duke Mikhail von Tver , who returned from the Horde with Tatar auxiliaries in 1315 , forces the submission of Novgorod , who in his absence has allied itself with Yuri I Daniilovich of Moscow . At the end of 1314 Juri installed his brother Afanassi as city prince. After the defeat of the Novgorod army at Torzhok against Mikhail, the Novgorodians now have to surrender their princes and pay high compensation.
- Vytenis , Grand Prince of Lithuania , dies after reigning for more than 20 years. He is not succeeded by his legitimate son Žvelgaitis, but by his brother Gediminas , under whom Lithuania rose to become a major Eastern European power . He also founded the Gediminid dynasty .
- After an unsuccessful coup attempt against Emperor Ayurbarwada Buyantu Khan of the Yuan Dynasty , his nephew flees Qoshila from China to the Tchaghatai . Together with his brother Toqa Timur, Qoshila is the leader of the Mongolian party at the Chinese court, for which Buyantu represents too much Chinese interests in the empire.
First documentary mentions
- Eiterbach , Küttigkofen , Schönwald , Lampenhain , Vorderheubach and Wolfshagen in the Harz are first mentioned in a document.
- Erwin von Steinbach , head of the Bauhütte at Strasbourg Cathedral , is mentioned in a document (first in 1284 and again in 1293 ).
- Mistro Zuchetto is recorded as the first organist at St. Mark's Basilica in Venice .
- August 7th : After a sedis vacancy of over two years, the sixteen French and eight Italian cardinals agree on the seventy-year-old Jacques Duèze as a compromise candidate at the second longest conclave in history . The new Pope takes the name John XXII. on. John is the first Pope to reside permanently in Avignon and during his entire pontificate he mainly represents French interests , which is in contrast to the Holy Roman Empire and King Ludwig of Bavaria .
- November 18 : The founding of the Congregation of the Cellites to St. Mary takes place in Cologne through a donation from the married couple Kusin. The order is primarily concerned with nursing.
- Weather : Europe-wide severe flooding. Between May 1st and September 1st, 2,600 people died in Ypres alone , 10% of the population due to famine .
Date of birth saved
- March 2 : Robert II , King of Scotland († 1390 )
- April 11 : Édouard I , Lord of Beaujeu and of Montpensier († 1351 )
- August 14 : John of Eltham , English prince, son of King Edward II († 1336 )
- November 15 : John I , King of France († 1316)
Exact date of birth unknown
- Fa Ngum , first ruler of the Lao Kingdom of Lan Xang († 1393 )
- Friedrich , Count of Freiburg and Landgrave in Breisgau († 1356 )
- Magnus II , King of Sweden and Norway († 1374 )
- Simeon Ivanovich , Grand Duke of Vladimir Moscow († 1353 )
First half of the year
- January 30th : Gottfried I , Count Palatine of Tübingen and Count of Boeblingen
- February 18 : Nikolaus II , Herr zu Werle (* before 1275)
- March 2nd : Marjorie Bruce , Scottish princess and mother of Robert II (* 1296 )
- March 12th : Stefan Dragutin , King of Serbia (* around 1252 )
- June 5th : Louis X. ("the brawler"), King of France (* 1289 )
- June 7th : Peter Angeli de Pontecorvo , Bishop of Olomouc
- June 9th : Friedrich von Plötzke , Bishop of Brandenburg
- after June 21: Pribislaw II , Lord of the country of Belgard
- June 29th : Henry Woodlock , English religious (* around 1250 )
Second half of the year
- July 27th : Theobald de Verdon, 2nd Baron Verdon , English nobleman (* 1278 )
- August 12 : John Marshal, 2nd Baron Marshal , English nobleman and hereditary Marshal of Ireland (* 1292 )
- before September 20: William de Ros, 1st Baron de Ros , English nobleman and military man (* around 1255 )
- November 19 : John I , King of France (* 1316)
- November 26 : Robert Wishart , Bishop of Glasgow and Guardian of Scotland
- before December 6th: Nicholas Audley , English magnate (* 1289 )
- December 16 : Öldscheitü , also known as Mohammad Chodabande, Ilchan of Persia (* 1280 )
- December 18 : Gilbert Seagrave , Bishop of London
- December 22nd : Aegidius of Rome , Augustinian hermit (* around 1243)
Exact date of death unknown
- Ala ud-Din Khalji , Sultan of Delhi
- Dino Frescobaldi , Florentine poet (* 1271 )
- Pietro d'Abano , Italian doctor, philosopher and astrologer (* 1250 )
- Ramon Llull , Catalan philosopher (* 1232 )
- Mechthild II. Von Wohldenberg , abbess of the Gandersheim monastery
- Vytenis , Grand Duke of Lithuania