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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Trier copy of the Golden Bull including the seal with the portrait of Charles IV.
Emperor Charles IV proclaims the Golden Bull .
1356 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 804/805 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1348/49
Aztec calendar 6. Pipes - Chicuace Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 5th Rabbit - Macuilli Tochtli )
Buddhist calendar 1899/1900 (southern Buddhism); 1898/99 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 67th (68th) cycle

Year of the fire monkey丙申 ( at the beginning of the year wood sheep 乙未)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 718/719 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 734/735
Islamic calendar 756/ 757 /758 (Year 4-5 January. // 24-25. December)
Jewish calendar 5116/17 (August 26-27)
Coptic calendar 1072/73
Malayalam calendar 531/532
Seleucid era Babylon: 1666/67 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1667/68 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1394
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1412/13


Politics and world events

Golden bull

Hundred Years War

Depiction of the Battle of Maupertuis around 1400

The Battle of Maupertuis on September 19th brings a major victory for England in the Hundred Years War . The Black Prince , son of the English King Edward III. , takes the French King John II prisoner. His son, the Dauphin Karl , leaves the battlefield before the end on the instructions of his father and is scorned by the French nobility. On September 29th, Karl moves into Paris and takes over government affairs in France . The estates of northern France, from whom Karl hopes to approve new taxes to finance the war, are summoned for October 17th . Instead, however, he is confronted with an aristocratic frond around Bishop Robert le Coq, who openly speaks out in favor of King Charles II of Navarre as regent. Karl then relied more on the bourgeois class around the head of the Parisian trade guild Étienne Marcel , who called for far-reaching reforms of the royal state, but supported Charles's governorship. In winter Karl travels to Metz, where he meets with his uncle, Emperor Karl IV. The emperor has been in an offensive alliance with England against France since 1348 , which, however, had not yet become active. In order to guarantee that the emperor would keep still, Charles swore him on Christmas Day for the Dauphiné and, as the deputy of his underage brother Philip the Bold , for the Free County of Burgundy .

Other events in Europe

Giovanni Dolfin's coat of arms
  • August 13 : Five days after the death of Giovanni Gradenigo , Giovanni Dolfin is elected in absentia as his successor as Doge of Venice , although there are concerns as to whether the person blind in one eye would be suitable for the office. At the time of his election, Dolfin is in the city of Treviso , besieged by Hungarian troops , from which he freed himself with a daring coup when he learns of his election.


  • China: The rebel leader and later Emperor Hongwu succeeds in conquering the city of Nanjing / Nanking.

First documentary mentions

science and technology



The Basel earthquake, illustration from Münster's Cosmographia



First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1356  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files