Calendar overview 1340
naval battle of Sluis , the English
defeat the French fleet. You thwart
the plan of Philip VI. an invasion of England .
|1340 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||788/789 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||3rd tubes - Jei Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 2nd rabbit - Ome Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1883/84 (southern Buddhism); 1882/83 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||702/703 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||740/741 (turn of the year June 26-27)|
|Jewish calendar||5100/01 (September 22-23)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1650/51 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1651/52 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1396/97|
Politics and world events
Hundred Years War
- Early January: Naval War on the English Channel 1338–1340 : An English fleet raids Boulogne-sur-Mer , where it can destroy 18 unmanned galleys and 24 merchant ships.
- January 26 : Edward III. of England declares himself King of France . The citizens of Ghent recognize him as king.
- June 24th : In the naval battle of Sluis , the first major battle in the Hundred Years War , the English defeat the French fleet. They support their beleaguered Flemish allies and thwart Philip VI's plan . an invasion in England .
- July 26th : In the battle of Saint-Omer , a French army under the command of Count Jean I of Armagnac and Odo IV Duke of Burgundy defeated an allied army of England and the county of Flanders under the command of Robert III. Count of Artois , who then retires.
- April: The Moroccan Merinids under Abu l-Hasan defeat a Christian fleet in the naval battle of Gibraltar, cross the Strait of Gibraltar with a large force . Abu l-Hasan has his troops gather in Algeciras and Gibraltar . In August he unites his troops with those of the Emirate of Granada under Yusuf I and begins with him to besiege the city of Tarifa .
- October 30th : The combined forces of Alfonso XI. of Castile and León and Alfonso IV of Portugal defeat the Merinids under Abu l-Hasan of Morocco and their allies, the Nasrids of Granada under Yusuf I , who besiege the city of Tarifa , in the battle of the Salado . You achieve one of the most important victories in the late phase of the Reconquista .
Holy Roman Empire
- April 24 : The city of Bern defeats the city of Friborg in the Battle of Schönberg during the Swiss Habsburg Wars . In August Agnes of Hungary brokered a peace treaty in Königsfelden .
- John of Bohemia goes completely blind. He was blind in the right eye for three years and from then on is called the blind one .
Northern and Eastern Europe
- April 1st : The knight Niels Ebbesen kills Count Gerhard III in Randers . from Holstein . A little later Waldemar IV. Atterdag is elected King of Denmark. The time of the interregnum in Denmark is coming to an end.
- April 7th : The Principality of Halych-Volodymyr in today's Ukraine disintegrates after the death of Prince Bolesław Georg II , who is murdered by his boyars for allegedly preferring Catholics. Thereupon a fight breaks out between the emerging Eastern European great powers Poland and Lithuania for the hereditary property, which finally ends in a division of the empire. The territory of the Principality of Halych ( Galicia ) goes to the Kingdom of Poland , that of the Principality of Wolodymyr ( Volhynia ) with Lemberg to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania .
City rights and first documentary mentions
- Rotterdam receives the town charter and then developed rapidly because of its convenient location to a rich commercial city.
- First documented mention of Grüsch , Jeuss , Montalchez , Oberurnen , Rüti , Soubey and Thierstein
science and technology
- around 1340: Around 75 million people live in Europe. For Germany, the estimates differ between 10 and 16 million.
- The teachings of Wilhelm von Ockham are condemned.
Date of birth saved
- March 5 : Cansignorio della Scala , Lord of Verona († 1375 )
- March 6 : John of Gaunt , English nobleman († 1399 )
- April 15 : Angelo Acciaioli , Bishop of Rapolla, Florence and Otia, Cardinal († 1408 )
- June 25 : John Mowbray , English nobleman († 1368 )
- November 30th : Johann von Berry , Duke of Berry and Auvergne († 1416 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Alexander V , antipope in Avignon († 1410 )
- Philipp van Artevelde , Flemish officer († 1382 )
- Diether VIII. , Count von Katzenelnbogen († 1402 )
- Elisabeth of Bosnia , Queen of Hungary and Poland († 1387 )
- Geert Groote , Dutch theologian and penitential preacher († 1384 )
- Peter II , Count of Alençon and Le Perche († 1404 )
- Karmapa Rölpe Dorje , person of Tibetan Buddhism († 1383 )
- William Zouche , English nobleman († 1396 )
Born around 1340
- Jean de Bondol , Flemish illuminator and painter († around 1400 )
- Master Bertram , German painter († 1414 )
- Jean de Murol , Bishop of Geneva († 1399 )
- Leopold Stainreuter , Austrian scholar and historian († around 1400 )
- Robert Stewart , English nobleman († 1420 )
- Nikola Tavelić , Croatian Franciscan, saint of the Catholic Church († 1391 )
Date of death secured
- March 11th : Johann II. , Count of Sponheim zu Kreuznach (* around 1272 )
- April 1st : Gerhard III. , Duke of Schleswig and Count of Holstein-Rendsburg (* around 1293 )
- April 7 : Bolesław Georg II , Prince of Halych-Volodymyr (* 1308 )
- April 7th : Konrad von Klingenberg , Bishop of Brixen and Prince-Bishop of Freising
- April 13 : Berthold VII , ruling Count of Henneberg-Schleusingen (* 1272 )
- May 10 : Henry de Beaumont , English nobleman
- June 19 : Bonagratia of Bergamo , Italian Franciscan, lawyer and politician (* 1265 )
- June 24th : Nicolas Béhuchet , Treasurer and Admiral of France
- August 10 : Elisabeth von Matzingen , Swiss abbess
- August 18 : Matteo Orsini , Cardinal of the Catholic Church
- October 11 : Nikolaus von Ybbs , Bishop of Regensburg (* around 1275 )
- October 18 : Heinrich von Friemar , German theology professor and writer (* around 1245 )
- December 4 : Henry Burghersh , Lord Chancellor and Archbishop of Canterbury (* 1292 )
- December 21 : Johann I , Duke of Lower Bavaria (* 1329 )
Exact date of death unknown
- April: Basil Comnenus , Emperor and Grand Comnene of Trebizond
- Bachja ben Ascher , Spanish Kabbalist
- Niels Ebbesen , Jutian nobleman
- Gernot, called Irrmut , head of a German patrician family (* 1280 )
- Jakob ben Ascher , Jewish author (* 1283 )
- Johann III. von Diest , Bishop of Utrecht
- Josef Kaspi , Jewish scholar (* 1279 )
- Manfred IV , Margrave of Saluzzo
- Margaretha von Berg , Countess of Ravensberg (* around 1285 )
- Otto VI. , Count of Weimar-Orlamünde (* 1297 )
- Mahmoud Schabestari , Iranian mystic and poet (* 1288 )
- Simonida , wife of the king of Raszien, Stefan Uroš II. Milutin (* 1294 )